London A Virtual Field Trip by Alexandria Freeman
Intro “London” is a HUGE city/metropolitan area! Much of Europe’s history takes place here or has been impacted by it. The purpose of this field trip is to give you an idea of several places to visit in London as well as several things to do should you ever go there. It will also give you an idea of London’s geography, history, and present day culture. I will clarify this purpose by asking them to share some things they think about when they hear “London.” After addressing some of their ideas, I will tell them we are going to learn more about this city/area’s geography, history, and culture.
At this point in the semester, we will be discussing how the U.S. relates to other countries i.e. similar histories, occurrences, cultures, ect. I will give students several articles and pictures about America and have them, in groups, discuss one picture or article and how it might relate to America. – http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/september11archive.jpg- 9/11 9/11 Newspaper Article http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/september11archive.jpg- 9/11 – http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8b/Smart_Bus.jpg/120px-Smart_Bus.jpg Smart Bus Image http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8b/Smart_Bus.jpg/120px-Smart_Bus.jpg – http://detroit1701.org/Graphics/Millennium%20Bell.jpg- Detroit’s Millennium Bell http://detroit1701.org/Graphics/Millennium%20Bell.jpg- – http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/images/s/washington-dc-white- house-s.jpg The While House http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/images/s/washington-dc-white- house-s.jpg Students should be looking for how their article relates to London. Students should also make a list of their favorite attractions as the field-trip goes on. They should note the price of the attraction as well as why they like it. There will be a few short questions throughout the presentation. The presentation should be paused at these times for students to complete the questions as directed on that slide. There will be a group assignment at the end. Students may work individually or in groups to create either a commercial outlining highlights of London, a travel brochure for 2 attractions they especially liked, or a trip itinerary to London.
Benchmarks 7 – P4.2.1 Demonstrate knowledge of how, when, and where individuals would plan and conduct activities intended to advance views in matters of public policy, report the results, and evaluate effectiveness. 7 – C1.1.1 Explain…the differences that occur in monarchies. 7 – G5.1.1 Describe the environmental effects of human action on the atmosphere (air), biosphere (people, animals, and plants) 7 – G1.3.1 Use the fundamental themes of geography (location, place, human environment interaction, movement, region) to describe regions or places on earth.
Climate London is known by many as one of the rainiest places outside of a rainforest. They get over 2 inches of rain a month on average and it never gets too hot. Look at this chart. Using what you know about Fahrenheit and Celsius from science, can you figure out the highest temperature on the graph? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fb/London-climate.png
Location http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ ~enghrt/england.jpg London is situated in the South-East corner of England on the River Thames. With a partner, discuss what makes the location of London great for trade with other countries?
The name “London” actually refers to the City of London, which is only one square mile. When we think of “London,” we think of all the cities and suburbs that surround, and include, that one square mile. So, London itself is actually quite small, but the metropolis is large. We will be discussing sights from both inside and outside that one square mile.
Westminster Abbey- £13 The Abbey was founded in 960 by a group of 12 monks. The Abbey grew into a church and, in 1245, the present church was built. The Abbey has been the site of every Coronation service of Kings and Queens since 1308. Several smaller churches and chapels are built inside. It is also the final resting place of hundreds of royalty and significant British authors, artists, and musicians. http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history
http://www.london.gov.uk/trafalgarsquare/history/index.jsp Trafalgar Square- Free Trafalgar Square is known as the ‘center of London.’ Shown here is the National Gallery, bordering the north of the square. Several statues and a monument are also located in the square. The square today frequently holds rallies and demonstrations held for political or religious reasons. They are usually during business days where lots of people pass through; the rallies are all organized to further people’s awareness of a certain viewpoint.
Buckingham Palace- £16 The most well known Royal residence in England. The country and it’s territories are governed by monarchs. A monarchy is where all of the political power is passed down through a family. I’m sure you’ve all seen the famous palace guards. If not, there’s a picture on the next slide. In 1976, Buckingham House was bought by George III for his wife. It was later created into a palace in 1826. Since then, it has been the permanent Royal residence. Today, you can go inside and see several of the rooms as well as the Crown Jewels, the queen’s own personal collection of jewelry and the many gems owned by the government. Virtual State Room Tour Virtual State Room Tour There are 775 rooms including: 19 State Rooms 240 Bedrooms 92 Offices 78 Bathrooms http://www.royal.gov.uk/TheRoyalResidences/BuckinghamPalace/BuckinghamPalace.aspx
Let’s say the Palace is 354 feet wide x 393 feet long. There are three stories. What is the area of the Palace? If the bedrooms average out to 10 feet x 10 feet, what area of the Palace is bedroom? http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen0742s.jpg A Palace Guard
Big Ben- Free In 1834, Westminster was destroyed by fire. A contest was held for a new design, and Big Ben won. Originally named “Clock Tower,” it was the largest clock at it’s time and has appeared in many movies, such as Peter Pan. In WWII, the sounding of it’s bells was a source of comfort. Citizens knew, by the bells, that Britain was not in Nazi control. http://www.bigben.freeservers.com/index2.html
The Tower Bridge- £6 When most people think of the Tower of London, this is generally what they picture. HOWEVER this is actually Tower Bridge, the bridge over the Thames next to the real tower.
http://www.london-architecture.info/044-DigitalTowerOfLondon.jpg This is the Tower of London. It began being built in 1080’s as one large tower. Over the centuries, monarchs have added to it. The tower started off as a monument to William the Conqueror. It was then used as a safe haven for royalty in times of crisis and a palace in times of peace. It began it’s use as a prison shortly after as well as a vault for valuables (at the same time!) In the 1400’s, it was used as a place to hold tournaments and parties. It continued no longer as a residence, but as a prison. It is no longer used as a prison or vault today, but as a national monument. Tower of London- £15
The Globe Theatre- £15 This building should look rather familiar to you from our Romeo and Juliet book. This is where Shakespeare held some of his famous plays. Built in 1576, the original Globe was moved across the river and, later in 1613, burned to the ground when a cannon shot from a play set the building ablaze. It was rebuilt and abandoned. In 1989, the remains of the original were found. The building began immediately and in 1997, the theatre opened.
How do we know? How did we know what the original Globe looked like? If not for this sketch, done in the mid 1500’s, we would have no idea. This is the only remaining picture of any theatre of that era. The Globe built recently was completely based off of this sketch. Sometimes it’s necessary to find and consult a variety of historical documents to get an idea of what life was like in the past. Even young people play a part in this. The boy who drew this sketch while attending a play was no older than many of you. http://gallery.nen.gov.uk/gallery_images/0506/0000/0998/Illustration_of_the_interior_of_The_Globe_Theatre_mid.jpg
The London Transport Museum- £10 In Dearborn, the motor city, we use cars to travel. For many of us, school and work are too far to bike and walk to. London, however, is so compact, that many people use public transportation, something we do not have the luxury of having where we live. This is a subway sign from the London Bridge station.
The London Transport Museum is a hands-on museum documenting all of London’s past and present modes of transportation as well as some expected future modes. What’s a subway? Omnibus? These are good questions. We’ll take a closer look at this museum as well as these methods of transportation in our next math class. We’ll have some races!
To Think About… Subways are the main method of transportation for Londoners. They run off of electric power. Other people use buses and trains. Few people drive cars on a daily basis. Knowing this, how do you think the air quality in London compares to that of Detroit’s? Get with a partner and discuss this. Jot your ideas down, we’ll discuss them when we’re done.
Not all of London’s sightseeing places are historic. Many of London’s sights are from modern times. At King’s Cross station, there is a cart half-way through a wall with the sign above reading “Platform 9 ¾.” Any ideas as to where the inspiration from this came from? Platform 9 ¾- Free
The London Eye- £30 This HUGE Ferris wheel was London’s monument to the 2000 millennium. It is constructed on the Thames next to the aquarium and a large field kitty corner from Westminster. Each cart is a spacious room which allows 25 people to board. The boardwalk on which the Eye is located is a popular place for performances, both professional and amateur, as well as large sidewalk sales and picnicking spots.
The following video shows a pair of the many performers on the boardwalk. http://tinypic.com/r/2ymc7rt/7
Kensington Gardens- Free Located in the North-West area of London, this park is perfect for a picnic or jog. Can anyone guess who this statue is of? If you said Peter Pan, you’re right! In 1902, this statue was created for J.M. Barrie, the author of Peter Pan, and placed on the spot where Peter Pan lands in the book The Little White Bird. http://golondon.about.com/od/londonforfree/ss/Peter_Pan.htm
How many of you have heard of the events of September 11, 2001? Last year, you discussed these events and the impact they had on our culture. On that day, two of New York’s most important economic towers were hit with planes by terrorists, killing thousands and leaving even more wounded.
London Bombings Memorial- Free On July 7, 2005, London was attacked as well. Terrorists boarded subways and buses, setting off bombs as they went. This is a memorial, located in the north-east corner of Hyde Park. Each pillar is 11 feet tall and stands for a victim. There are 52 pillars, each is inscribed with the place the person died at.
Where can you get the best view of all of London?
Situated exactly 202 feet away from the cause of the fire (it’s 202 feet tall, too,) this monument is one of my favorite sites in London. You walk up all of the stairs and get a beautiful view of the entire city. Upon completion, you are awarded a certificate.
Fun Fact! Which of the following other cities had a devastating fire? – New York – Chicago – Washington DC CHICAGO!
Discussion Each team should now present their original article/picture and how it related to our PowerPoint. Discuss our answers for the following: – What makes the location of London great for trade with other countries? – The areas of the Palace: 417,366 – Bedrooms: 240,000 – How do you think the amount of pollution in Detroit compares with the amount in London?
Project Work on your own or in a group of 2-3 students. Choose one of the following projects to complete. Don’t forget to include price and how to dress, when appropriate! – A commercial highlighting London and it’s attractions. – A travel brochure about 2 specific London attractions. – A trip itinerary for your trip to London with all the places you will go.
References – http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/september11archive.jpg- 9/11 9/11 Newspaper Article http://blogs.pcworld.com/staffblog/archives/september11archive.jpg- 9/11 – http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8b/Smart_Bus.jpg/120px-Smart_Bus.jpg Smart Bus Image http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/en/thumb/8/8b/Smart_Bus.jpg/120px-Smart_Bus.jpg – http://detroit1701.org/Graphics/Millennium%20Bell.jpg- Detroit’s Millennium Bell http://detroit1701.org/Graphics/Millennium%20Bell.jpg- – http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/images/s/washington-dc-white- house-s.jpg The While House http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/washington-dc/images/s/washington-dc-white- house-s.jpg – http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,1607,7-140-28753_33232---,00.html Benchmarks http://www.michigan.gov/mde/0,1607,7-140-28753_33232---,00.html – http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fb/London-climate.png Climograph http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/fb/London-climate.png – http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~enghrt/england.jpg Map of Great Britain http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~enghrt/england.jpg – http://www.aaccessmaps.com/show/map/london_metro_se Map of London http://www.aaccessmaps.com/show/map/london_metro_se – http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history Westminster Abbey http://www.westminster-abbey.org/our-history – http://www.royal.gov.uk/TheRoyalResidences/BuckinghamPalace/BuckinghamPalace.aspx Buckingham Palace and Virtual Stateroom Tour http://www.royal.gov.uk/TheRoyalResidences/BuckinghamPalace/BuckinghamPalace.aspx – http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen0742s.jpg Palace Guard Picture http://www.aviewoncities.com/img/london/kveen0742s.jpg – http://www.bigben.freeservers.com/index2.html Big Ben Info http://www.bigben.freeservers.com/index2.html – http://www.london-architecture.info/044-DigitalTowerOfLondon.jpg Tower of London Info http://www.london-architecture.info/044-DigitalTowerOfLondon.jpg – http://gallery.nen.gov.uk/gallery_images/0506/0000/0998/Illustration_of_the_interior_of_The_Glob e_Theatre_mid.jpg Globe Theatre Sketch http://gallery.nen.gov.uk/gallery_images/0506/0000/0998/Illustration_of_the_interior_of_The_Glob e_Theatre_mid.jpg – http://golondon.about.com/od/londonforfree/ss/Peter_Pan.htm Kensington Gardens Info http://golondon.about.com/od/londonforfree/ss/Peter_Pan.htm