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© Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 1 The Impact of Sanction Regulations on Financial.

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Presentation on theme: "© Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 1 The Impact of Sanction Regulations on Financial."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 1 The Impact of Sanction Regulations on Financial Institutions Andrew Croker 1st June 2011

2 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 2 Sanction Regulations Requirements for Financial Institutions Problems Solutions Agenda

3 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 3 Who? Where? What? The basics of KYC

4 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 4 Sanction Screening Financial Institutions are required under Section 25 of POCDATARA (Prevention of Constitutional Democracy Against Terrorist and Related Activities Act) to ensure that they do not conduct business with any individual or entity who commits, or attempts to commit, any terrorist or related activity in accordance with UN Resolution 1267 (UN 1267 list)

5 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 5 United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 of 1999 Outlaws Taliban & Al-Qaida 92 Entities; 396 Individuals (May 2011) UN 1267

6 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 6 “Alleged member of narcotics syndicate. Dec arrested on charges of alleged narcotics trafficking (cocaine rocks) (mandrax tablets). Escaped from custody, whereabouts unknown.”

7 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 7 Sanction Screening When conducting cross border transactions in foreign currencies, certain countries require actions to be performed to prevent and suppress the financing of terrorism and terrorist acts – OFAC; HMT list; EU List

8 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 8 Cross-border Transactions Bredenkamp v Standard Bank 2010 (4) SA 468 (SCA): “The Bank was also apprehensive of the possibility that any continued relationship with the appellants would create material business risks. Although the Bank itself is not bound to comply with the listing, many financial institutions with which it conducts business internationally are. These financial institutions impose stringent obligations in respect of the correspondent accounts they offer to banks such as the respondent. Any misstep by the Bank concerning a client who is an SDN could lead to the seizure of funds transferred in bulk on behalf of a number of clients, to a closure of accounts or to an adverse report to OFAC. It follows that it was not only the Bank’s reputation that it felt was at risk but that there were also material business risks.”

9 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 9 Sanction Screening “The FIC stresses the need for businesses to go beyond formal compliance, taking the next steps to become good corporate citizens. Greater public awareness of the need to combat money laundering and terrorism financing reinforces these goals and strengthens the overall system.” – FIC Annual Report 2009/2010

10 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 10 “Alleged narcotics trafficker. Associate of Barbara Nona Mazibuko. Oct sentenced to 22 years imprisonment for alleged narcotics trafficking.”

11 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 11 Financial Action Task Force The 40+9 Recommendations, together with their interpretative notes, provide the international standards for combating money laundering (ML) and terrorist financing (TF). 40 Recommendations to combat Money Laundering 9 Additional Recommendations to combat Terrorist Financing FATF Recommendations

12 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 12 Recommendation 5: Client Due Diligence Ultimate Beneficial Ownership Recommendation 6: Politically Exposed Persons FATF Recommendations

13 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 13

14 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 14 “Minister of State Security (May ). Minister of Intelligence (Sep May 2009). Member of Parliament (Apr ). Chairman of Parliamentary Committee for Intelligence (Apr ). Member of African National Congress (ANC). Sheryl Cwele (spouse). Father of 4 children.” “Director of Health and Community services for Hibiscus Coast Municipality (reported Jun ). Siyabonga Cyprian Cwele (PEP) (spouse). Mother of 4 children. Dec under investigation by Directorate of Public Prosecutions for alleged links to a narcotics syndicate. Jan arrested on charges of dealing or conspiring to deal in narcotics (cocaine), procuring a woman to collect narcotics in Turkey and procuring a woman to smuggle cocaine from South America. Denied charges. Feb released on ZAR100,000 bail.”

15 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 15

16 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 16 “Managing Director of Scharrighuisen Drilling (Pty) Ltd. Found guilty of insider trading. Administrative penalty of ZAR1m imposed.”

17 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 17 V&A Waterfront Michelangelo Towers Bakubung and KwaMaritane Bush Lodges Airport Grand

18 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 18 FATF Evaluation of RSA in 2008 Recommendation 5: Partially Compliant There is no specific requirement that accountable institutions apply enhanced due diligence for higher risk categories of customers, business relationships or transactions. Recommendation 6: Non-compliant No enforceable obligation for financial institutions to identify politically exposed persons (PEPs) or take other such measures as indicated in Recommendation 6. The next SA Review is in

19 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 19 Onboarding What do we need to do? KYC (CIP) CDD IDV EDD Sanctions check PEP check Other: risk checks credit checks etc 1.Are they who they say they are? 2.Do they live where they say they live? 3.Are they a risk to us?

20 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 20 Onboarding What do we need to do? KYC (CIP) CDD IDV EDD Sanctions check PEP check Other: risk checks credit checks etc Ongoing Screening 1.Sanctions 2.CTF 3.AML 4.PEPs (EDD for senior, foreign PEPs) 5.Other risk (e.g. terrorism, proliferation, market abuse, insider trading, etc) 1.Are they who they say they are? 2.Do they live where they say they live? 3.Are they a risk to us? 1.Do we still know our customer? 2.Can we be sure they haven’t changed status? New information Adverse news Sanctions list/PEP updates 3.Are they still the customer we on-boarded?

21 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 21 Problems Regardless of customer base, a manual process to screen all customers on a regular basis in compliance with the FATF Recommendations is impossible. Even with an automated system, the burden on resources due to False Positives is massive. Difficult to deploy consistent policies, rules, systems and controls throughout the organisation. Discrepancies in Customer and List Data complicate matching. Different Language and Character sets make cross-referencing difficult.

22 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 22 Ideas OVER-MATCHING?

23 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 23 International banks, acting on government orders to freeze assets from Libya, Egypt and Tunisia, are scouring hundreds of millions of client files for individuals on the new watch lists. But in doing so, bank compliance officers are grappling with a peculiar challenge: the myriad ways of transliterating Arabic names. MIDDLE EAST NEWS APRIL 19, 2011

24 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 24 What to look for when Evaluating an Automated Screening Solution

25 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 25 Requirements of an Automated Solution In order to absorb as much of the impact of Sanctions Screening as possible, a system must meet the following minimum requirements: Highly Flexible. Batch Processing Capability. Efficient Real Time Screening. Sanctions, PEPs, SIPs, Local Lists, UBO sources. Sanction List Data agnostic. Easily adapted for additional data streams. Intelligent workflow. Risk-based Prioritisation Decision Persistence. Structured and Unstructured Data. Multiple Languages and Character Sets. AUDITABLE

26 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 26 dn:Sentry for Customer Screening The Datanomic Solution Screening Algorithms MI/Reporting Auditability Workflow Case Management Data Optimisation Case Management

27 © Datanomic 2010 Confidential – Not to be distributed without prior written authorisation from Datanomic 27 Thank-you “Delivering Industry Best Practice in Risk & Compliance Screening” BATELEUR SOFTWARE


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