Presentation on theme: "Laws and Actions Unions 1600 Conspiracy Theory British Structure 1700 1776 Articles of Confederation 1789 Constitution 1771 Historical Strikes of Trades."— Presentation transcript:
Laws and Actions Unions 1600 Conspiracy Theory British Structure Articles of Confederation 1789 Constitution 1771 Historical Strikes of Trades A.F.L. Samuel Gompers Trade Unions Teamster National Union of America 1903 Team Drivers International Union Chartered by the AFL 1899 Int.l Bro. Of Teamsters day strike Montgomery Wards-4600 Teamsters support tailors-21 killed 1912 First TransCon Delivery by Motor Growth of membership in the IBT from 1,700 to 40,000 SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN LABOR HISTORY 1914 Ludlow Massacre Two organizations form: First General President Cornelias Shea 1907 Dan Tobin IBT General President for 45 years
Conspiracy Theory Any time workers, tradesmen or peasants got together to better their own lot it was considered a conspiracy against the crown.
The Social Structure We Inherited GOD KING LORDS PEASANTS Where is the power?
Structure of Companies Plant Manager Supervisors Where is the power? Us
1903 IBT Charter from the AFL Samuel Gompers, first President of the American Federation of Labor signs charter for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN LABOR HISTORY LAWS AND ACTIONS UNIONS WWI Teamsters move troops and supplies ’s Violent strikes in mining/ railroad 1926 R.L.A. Railway Labor Act 1929 The Great Depression 1933 Teamster membership hits low of 75,000 Teamsters press for area wide bargaining and uniform work rules 1935 N.L.R.A. Creation of the Committee of Industrial Organizations 1932 Norris LaGuardia Act 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act and Motor Carrier Safety Act 1937 Congress of Industrial Organizations Membership increases to 145, IBT Membership reaches 456, WWII 1947 Taft- Hartley Act 1931 Davis- Bacon Act 1934 Historic Minnesota Teamsters Strike National Recovery Act NY Teamsters strike for 44 hour week 44 hr. hr “No more Co. Unions” Teamsters once again are instrumental in the war effort
Early Workers Were Indentured Often paid in scrip rather than money Lived in company owned homes Purchased food from company stores Very little education available
IBT General Presidents Cornelias Shea—1903 of the Team Drivers International Union was elected President of the newly formed International Brotherhood of Teamsters from the merged Team Drivers and the Teamsters National Union. Daniel Tobin—1907 from Teamsters Local 25 in Boston Dave Beck—1952 from Teamsters Local 566 in Seattle James R. Hoffa—1957 from Teamsters Local 299 in Detroit Frank Fitzsimmons—1971 from Teamsters Local 299 in Detroit(1971-elected) George Mock interim General President from Teamsters Local 598 Roy Williams—1981 from Teamsters Local 41 in Kansas City, Missouri Jackie Presser—1983 from Teamster Local 507 Cleveland, Ohio Billy McCarthy—1988 from Teamsters Local 25 in Boston Ron Carey—1992—from Teamsters Local 804 in New York, NY James P. Hoffa—1999 from Teamsters Local 614 in Pontiac, Michigan
The Great Depression Legislation passed to establish prevailing wages for workers employed in public works was called the Davis-Bacon Act Harlan County, Kentucky Miners’ strike Tampa, Florida—cigar makers strike—1931 F.D.R. elected—1932 Norris-LaGuardia Act—prohibiting use of a federal injunction in labor disputes--1932
1934 Minneapolis General Strike “Citizens Alliance” a coalition of trucking company owners refuse to recognize the Teamsters General Strike is called— shuts down the city National Guard used to break strike—Teamsters killed Teamsters victorious Leads way for National Labor Relations Act Teamsters
National Labor Relations Act Wagner Act-1935 Right to Bargain Right To Organize Signed by Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1935 Created legal/peaceful procedures for resolving workplace conflict
Creation of the C.I.O. Committee of Industrial Organizations A group of workers at the AFL convention asked to organize in a different way Wall-to-wall Industry wide Threatened trades
Two Federations of Labor AFL (Craft/Trade)—CIO (Industrial) The committee was expelled from the American Federation of Labor and changed its name to Congress of Industrial Organizations(C.I.O.) Two federations from this point until 1955 merger when—A.F.L.- C.I.O. became the United States federation of labor In Canada a similar process took place with the resulting Canadian Labour congress
Taft Hartley Act—1947, amends original National Labor Relations Act Created the option for states to restrict union security clauses Did away with the closed shop Outlawed secondary boycotts Very restrictive to labor
Right to Work and Taft Hartley Open Shop—You do not have to join the union –union security clauses are illegal Closed Shop—Outlawed completely Union Shop—permitted in the non right to work(for less) states Fair Share or Agency Shop—employees pay their fair share
Laws and Actions Unions SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN LABOR HISTORY A.F.L. AND C.I.O. MERGE 1955 James Hoffa Elected IBT General President membership reaches 1.5million Landrum- Griffin Act LMRDA Dave Beck, IBT General President proposes bill leading to modern interstate highway system 1959 President Hoffa creates D.R.I.V.E Hoffa negotiates National Master Freight Contract 1987 Teamsters reaffiliate with the AFL-CIO 1981 Reagan breaks air traffic controllers strike 1989 Teamsters accept consent degree allowing for Government intervention D.R.I.V.E Civil Rights Act 1953 Teamsters Hdqs. Moved to DC from Indianapolis 1952 Dave Beck elected IBT General President 1975 Weingarten Decision 1978 Airline Deregulation 1980 Motor Carrier Deregulation Deregulation causes a significant loss in membership 1971 Frank Fritzsimmons becomes General Pres Jackie Presser- Gen. Pres Billy McCarthy —Gen. Pres.
1959-Landrum-Griffin Act Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (LMRDA) Prescribes procedures for running union elections Prescribes reporting and disclosure procedures for all union monies Amends original National Labor Relations Act to impose further restrictions on the right of unions to exercise economic power
Teamsters Negotiate National Master Freight Agreement Regional bargaining for drivers was coordinated so that expiration dates would coincide and a national agreement could be attained This method of bargaining gave the Teamsters more power in relation to wages, hours and working conditions with nation- wide employers
Weingarten Decision-1975 The Supreme Court agrees with the National Labor Relations Board’s decision that employees have the right to have a union representative with them in a disciplinary meeting.
Deregulation of the Airline and Freight Industries— Industries begin to fall prey to deregulation Claims of cheaper fares and rates do not become realized Loss of jobs to lower paying companies results
Reagan Breaks Air Traffic Controllers Strike Air traffic controllers strike in protest of working conditions and environment President Reagan invokes statement signed by employees at hiring, stating they would not strike
SIGNIFICANT EVENTS IN LABOR HISTORY Laws and Actions Unions 1991 Ron Carey elected IBT General President 1998 James Hoffa elected IBT General President 2000 The Future is up to You!!! UPS Strike 185,000 members —15 days UPS Arbitration Case is won, enforcing agreement to create full-time jobs 1999 R.I.S.E. Respect, Integrity, Strength and Ethics, an Anti- corruption Committee formed by General President Hoffa 1993 Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) 1999 “Battle in Seattle” Demonstration against the WTO 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA) 1995 John Sweeney elected President of the AFL-CIO The Teamsters are united for a better future for all working families Teamster membership is back to 1.5 million and growing House passes “PNTR” with China (May) Demonstra -tions against PNTR and WTO
1997-UPS Strike Nationwide strike for 15 days 185,000 employees Intensive Employer campaign Issues of part- time/full-time work
WTO Protest-”Battle in Seattle” Teamsters protest the Geneva based World Trade Organization(WTO) in what came to be known as the “battle in Seattle” Teamsters protest “Closed door” process WTO uses for determining trade policies Labor, environmental and community groups—not at the table
General President Hoffa Presses Arbitration Case With UPS UPS fails to deliver promised full time jobs Contractual dispute settlement procedures utilizedto force compliance Arbitrator rules in Teamsters’ favor