2So, we are going to get ready for a test. TCAP is the name of it, but it’s almost the exact same test.The “T” in TCAP stands for transitional, which means that they are using this test until they develop a new test.Reading is the MOST important skill you will be using on any standardized test that you ever take.Was that an example of hyperbole?
3Read the instructions dorkupine! Reading essentials…Read the instructions dorkupine!Not only read them once, but read them twice to begin with.After you have finished the section read the directions one last time to make sure that you have finished everything that you have been asked to do.It’s like flushing after you finish your business.1. “It’s like flushing after your business” is a …
4Read the instructions first… …then read the questions so that you know what you are looking to answer in the passage that you read.“But, dear teacher, is this not cheating?” asked the lowly sixth grader.No, it is not cheating lowly sixth grader, it is a highly regarded test-taking skill.Pre-read the questions to make the test easier to take.
5Read the following passage then answer the questions below. Vesper had a green car and a yellow watch but his favorite thing was playing with his purple poodle. His green car was full of blue tissue paper in case he had an “accident”.2. What is in Vesper’s car?3. Put your finger on your nose and hold it there as soon as you read this question.Remember! Read the questions first!
6Trust me… would I trick you? Let’s do some practice.The first time through you are going to read the passage and then answer some questions.Then we will try it the other way around.
7From Outer Space4. Bacteria are a _______. a. group of scientists b. place where meteors come from c. kind of restaurant d. form of life 5. When something is controversial, people _______. a. get sick from it b. believe it is ancient and extremely rare c. have strong disagreements about it d. brush their teeth with it 6. Dr. Hoover seems confident that his research will be proven correct because _______. a. he is named after a vacuum cleaner b. he has invited many scientists to look closely at his work c. he works for NASA d. he gets a rash when he touches meteoritesFoxNews.com reports that Dr. Richard B. Hoover, an astro-biologist at NASA, believes that he has found the fossils of bacteria in meteorites. In other words, he claims to have found traces of life from outer space. Not surprisingly, his claim is controversial; many scientists do not accept that Dr. Hoover has come to the correct conclusion from what he has observed. Therefore, he has invited over 5,000 scientists to review his work and to publish their comments.
8Tremor Troll and Trouble Troll Now we can try this with the questions first.7. Where are Trouble and Tremor in the story?8. What are the first two words Trouble is having trouble with in the story?9. Troubled Troll was doing his best to remain _____.A. happyB. in controlC. calmD. in trouble10. What ‘s wrong with this picture?11. What is wrong with the dialogue?
9Tremor Troll found Troubled Troll sitting in a corner of his tree fort Tremor Troll found Troubled Troll sitting in a corner of his tree fort. A closed book lay by his side as Troubled stared at the wooden floor. “Is something wrong, Troubled?” asked Tremor. Troubled took a deep breath and responded, “In this story I’m reading, it says that a boy is wearing a shirt that’s inside out.” “Is that a problem?” Tremor asked. “Yes,” said Troubled. “You see, I keep wondering why it’s ‘inside out’ instead of ‘outside in’! After all, if the inside is on the outside then the outside must be on the inside! Right?” “That makes sense,” Tremor agreed. “But ‘inside out’ is the way everyone says it.” “But why?” demanded Troubled Troll. “I don’t know,” Tremor confessed. “It’s no big deal.” Troubled was not comforted. “And tell me, what if it is a big deal,” he implored, “and no one knows that it’s a big deal and someday everyone wakes up and realizes that they’ve been saying it wrong? And what if....what if they suddenly understand that it really has been a big deal all along?” “That won’t happen,” Tremor Troll insisted, “and even if it does, it won’t exactly turn our world upside down.” Troubled Troll was doing his best to remain calm. He gazed at his friend and whispered, “Why didn’t you say ‘downside up’?”
10Now answer… 7. Where are Trouble and Tremor in the story? In a tree fort.8. What are the first two words Trouble is having a problem with in the story?“Inside out”9. Troubled Troll was doing his bestto remain _____.A. happyB. in controlC. calmD. in trouble- Calm11. What is wrong with the dialogue?Easier that way – eh?
11Answer the questions in your notes. School PhotographerBy Kristine GeorgeWhen I am behind my camera lensI can make people stand closer,wrap their arms around each other,even get them to smile.(5)When I am behind my camera lensI see things others don’t.I can record a single momentThat distorts or tells the truth.(10) I can see everythingExcept my own self, hidingbehind my camera.Answer the questions in your notes.
12Answers 12. The poet most likely took the idea for this poem from — A. a book on photographyB. a volume of poetryC. her camera’s owner’s manualD. her own experienceAnswer – D. Her own experience13. Why does the speaker feel hidden?A. No one can see her.B. She is looking through thecamera.C .There is no one around.D. People are blocking herAnswer – B. She is looking through the camera.14. In line 6, when the speaker says, “I see things others don’t,” she most likely means — A. people often overlook what’s around them B. people don’t pay attention when their picture is taken C. cameras are the most accurate form of record keeping D. the camera lens is like a Microscope Answer – A. people often overlook what’s around them
13Prompts…A prompt is a written direction that gives you a situation to write about.Reading the prompt carefully is very important so you want to read it carefully at least 3 times.You need to read it the first time, obviously, to see what you are being asked to respond to.Read it a second time to see if you understand everything that is in the prompt. If you do not understand it or it seems weird read it until it makes sense.Lastly, read it one more time after you finish your writing to see if you have answered everything that it has asked!15. What category of words are “First”, “Second”, and “Lastly”?
14What would you do? Read the following prompt… Tell about a time that you were really frightened and what you learned from that experience.16. What are you going todo?
15What would you write?Technology is very important in our lives. What technology is most important to you? How do you think this technology will change in the future?17. List the different parts in this prompt.
16How is it asked?The very first test that you will complete on TCAP is the extended writing response.You will be asked to respond to a prompt that probably has two or more parts that will need an extended , or longer, response.Extended writing means five or more paragraphs.Each paragraph should have a minimum of eight or nine sentences.Don’t over think this. Easy as pie, just follow what you have already learned.
17Extended or Essay Response How would you set up an extended/essay response on TCAP?If TCAP asks for an extended writing response and you need to plan for that, what would it look like?What does a five paragraph essay look like?Draw a plan on your paper of what you think a five paragraph response would look like.
18Pick either plan… Introduction Introduction First Body Paragraph Idea 1Idea 2Idea 3Second Body ParagraphThird Body ParagraphConclusionConclusion
19Don’t over think this - keep it simple. Draw the basic outline for either plan now on your paper. But don’t write anything in the boxes. Just draw the basic outline… nice and simple.
20Fill in the boxes on your plan… So, let’s go back to that original prompt.Technology is very important in our lives. What technology is most important to you? How do you think this technology will change in the future?Choose a technology.Make a list of at least five things that support your general idea.Choose your three strongest ideas – the ideas you could write the most about – and list them in order from weakest to strongest.
21Introduction box What goes in the introduction? First – Hook Next – Thesis/TopicNext – Ideas (Support-Details)Last – concluding sentenceSimple !
22Hook? The hook gets the reader’s attention. Ask a question. Have you ever had an obsession with technology? I have, my obsession is my iPhone.Quote someone.Shakespeare once said, “to be or not to be, that is the question”, I really wonder if I could BE without my iPhone.Use statistics, interesting facts, or general knowledge to make a good hook.The iPhone has changed the way we communicate in the world today.
23Thesis or topic sentence… What are you trying to say or prove?The iPhone is the most important technological advancement over the last decade for three important reasons.
24Now do your body paragraphs… Use a transition word at the beginning of the paragraph to signal that you are moving onto a new idea.Order ideas strongest to weakest.Support idea with details and examples.Finish each body paragraph with a concluding sentence… duh.
25Ideas… support and detail. Organize your ideas from weakest to strongest.The iPhone is fantastic for texting, accessing , and surfing the internet.
26Reading? Again?Make sure that you are staying on track. Somewhere in the middle of your essay response you need to go back and reread the prompt to make sure that you are staying on track.
27While I am writing…Make sure to use transition words that signal the reader that you are moving onto a new idea.Transitions – however, lastly, most important, another, also, then, in addition, and last but not least…Last but not least!
28Again… keep it simple.What happens if I can only come up with two ideas instead of three strong ones?What are three times in your life when you were really embarrassed?Make it up!
29Conclude that! Finish with your conclusion. Restate your topic sentence or thesis.Provide a satisfying ending to your essay.Smile and rub your tummy.
30Have fun with your writing… Imagine that you are one of the graders for this TCAP thing.They want to read original thinking, make sure your word choice matches what you really sound like. Use poetic devices, use humor.
31All finito Mr. Bandito! Not so fast rocket pants! What do you do when you have done all you can do?Reread the prompt and make sure that you have answered everything that needs to be answered.Gateway Criteria!Read out loud – but more in a whisper to make sure that make sense.Use all of your time, do not close your booklet early and daydream when you could be making sure that everything is golden!