Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 13 EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES 500-1200. The Middle Ages Middle Ages Medieval Period The gradual decline of the Roman Empire ushered in a period called."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 13 EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES
The Middle Ages Middle Ages Medieval Period The gradual decline of the Roman Empire ushered in a period called the Middle Ages or the Medieval Period in Europe feudalism The period was characterized by feudalism and lasted from 500 to 1500.
landservices Feudalism is the exchange of land for services (farming and military service) strong central government Feudalism grew in the absence of a strong central government.
disrupt trade Germanic invasions into the Roman Empire disrupt trade and cities are abandoned. rural areas manor system Population shifts to rural areas where feudalism or the manor system developed.
Education declined Education declined as people left the cities. languages FrenchSpanish Latin With the population spread out and isolated different languages including French and Spanish developed from Latin.
Christianity Germanic people converted to Christianity in high numbers. warfarechurch unifying force With the population so spread out and borders constantly changing with warfare, the church became the sole unifying force in Europe. taxes feudal Lords They collected taxes from nobles called feudal Lords and ensured that they were running their manors properly.
The Feudal Pyramid (social classes)Kings Lords Lords (Nobles & Bishops) Knights Knights – protected land and people, fought along side lords (code of chivalry) Serfs Serfs (peasants) – farmed land for lords, could not be sold but also were not allowed to leave
The Purpose of the Manor self-sufficiency The feudal system provided self-sufficiency meaning everything the people needed was produced within the manor. serfs steady work force The serfs provided a steady work force since they weren’t allowed to leave.
Life on the Manor agriculture The economy of the manor was based on agriculture. more land more power The more land a lord had the more power he held.
three field system The three field system was used which included rotating the crops planted in each field from season to season while always leaving one field unplanted.
Knights loyalty Knights were expected to show loyalty to his feudal lord, to God, and to his chosen lady. protect weak poor They were also expected to protect the weak and the poor. Click for Castle Siege Weapons
Knights code of chivalry These ideals together were called the “code of chivalry”. mistreated peasants Many mistreated peasants anyway.
The Church Church united The Church was the one thing that united everyone on the manor. Gothic architecture Larger churches incorporated Gothic architecture.
Stained glass windows Among other features they were very tall and used Stained glass windows to assist people in understanding Biblical stories.
tithe feudal lord People were expected to tithe (give ten percent of their income) to the church even after giving most of their income to the feudal lord.