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PACT Jeopardy Review Rocks and Minerals/Soils/Fossils 3-3.1Classify rocks (including sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic) and soils (including humus,

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Presentation on theme: "PACT Jeopardy Review Rocks and Minerals/Soils/Fossils 3-3.1Classify rocks (including sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic) and soils (including humus,"— Presentation transcript:

1 PACT Jeopardy Review Rocks and Minerals/Soils/Fossils 3-3.1Classify rocks (including sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic) and soils (including humus, clay, sand, and silt) on the basis of their properties Identify common minerals on the basis of their properties by using a minerals identification key Recognize types of fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) Infer ideas about Earth’s early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.

2 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks classified into this group were once melted but have cooled and hardened. They may be glassy like obsidian or grainy like granite. WHAT are IGNEOUS rocks?

3 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks classified into this group were once melted but have cooled and hardened. They may be glassy like obsidian or grainy like granite. WHAT are IGNEOUS rocks?

4 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks that are classified into this group are made up of smaller bits and pieces of rocks called sediments that have been pressed and cemented together. Some, like limestone, even have bits of shells, skeletons, or other remains of plants and animals. Sandstone is another example of this type of rock. WHAT are SEDIMENTARY rocks?

5 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks that are classified into this group are made up of smaller bits and pieces of rocks called sediments that have been pressed and cemented together. Some, like limestone, even have bits of shells, skeletons, or other remains of plants and animals. Sandstone is another example of this type of rock. WHAT are SEDIMENTARY rocks?

6 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks that are classified into this group were once other types of rocks found deep inside the Earth. They were heated and pressured causing them to change into a new kind of rock. Sometimes the minerals in these kinds of rocks line up in rows or bands. Slate and marble are examples of this kind of rock. WHAT are metamorphic rocks?

7 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils Rocks that are classified into this group were once other types of rocks found deep inside the Earth. They were heated and pressured causing them to change into a new kind of rock. Sometimes the minerals in these kinds of rocks line up in rows or bands. Slate and marble are examples of this kind of rock. WHAT are metamorphic rocks?

8 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils When we classify rocks we look at several things to help us decide how to group them. One is color. Another one is the luster such as whether the mineral is shiny, pearly, glassy, or dull. What do we call these things we observe that help us classify? WHAT are properties?

9 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soils When we classify rocks we look at several things to help us decide how to group them. One is color. Another one is the luster such as whether the mineral is shiny, pearly, glassy, or dull. What do we call these things we observe that help us classify? WHAT are properties ?

10 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I am dark and crumbly. I am made up of dead plants and animals. I am good for growing plants. What am I? WHAT is HUMUS ?

11 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I am dark and crumbly. I am made up of dead plants and animals. I am good for growing plants. What am I? WHAT is HUMUS ?

12 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I have large grains and I feel gritty. I let water pass right through me. What am I? WHAT is SAND ?

13 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I have large grains and I feel gritty. I let water pass right through me. What am I? WHAT is SAND ?

14 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I have very small grains but can stick together in large clumps. I hold water very easily and am sticky when wet. What am I? WHAT is CLAY ?

15 3-3.1 Classify Rocks/Soil I am a type of soil. I have very small grains but can stick together in large clumps. I hold water very easily and am sticky when wet. What am I? WHAT is CLAY ?

16 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties calcite3 Scratched by nail WhiteDull/ glassy Bubbles with acid

17 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties calcite 3 Scratched by nail WhiteDull/ glassy Bubbles with acid

18 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties feldspar6 Scratches glass Pink or white Dull/ pearly

19 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties feldspar 6 Scratches glass Pink or white Dull/ pearly

20 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties mica 2 Scratched by fingernail Black/greyShinySplits into thin sheets

21 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties mica 2 Scratched by fingernail Black/greyShinySplits into thin sheets

22 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties talc1 Scratched easily by fingernail whitedull“soapy” texture

23 3-3.2 Identify minerals based on their properties using a key What minerals are we? Mineral: Properties HardnessColorLusterSpecial Properties talc 1 Scratched easily by fingernail whitedull“soapy” texture

24 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 1. What is HARDNESS ? Hint* We test this by scratching the mineral with a penny, nail, or fingernail.

25 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 1. What is HARDNESS ? Hint* We test this by scratching the mineral with a penny, nail, or fingernail.

26 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 2. What is COLOR ? Hint* You can easily see this property by just looking at the mineral.

27 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 2. What is COLOR ? Hint* You can easily see this property by just looking at the mineral.

28 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 3. What is LUSTER ? Hint* This describes how shiny or dull a mineral is.

29 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 3. What is LUSTER ? Hint* This describes how shiny or dull a mineral is.

30 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 4. What is the ACID TEST ? Hint* If you place acid on some minerals they will bubble or fizz.

31 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 4. What is the ACID TEST ? Hint* If you place acid on some minerals they will bubble or fizz.

32 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 5.What is SPLITTING INTO SHEETS? Hint* Mica is a mineral that has this property.

33 3-3.2 Properties used to identify minerals We identify minerals using their properties. Name 5 properties we use: 5.What is SPLITTING INTO SHEETS? Hint* Mica is a mineral that has this property.

34 3-3.3 Recognizing types of fossils This type of fossil is a cavity or opening in a rock that has the shape of a once living thing. It may be an imprint of a leaf, feather, footprint, etc. WHAT is a MOLD fossil?

35 3-3.3 Recognizing types of fossils This type of fossil is a cavity or opening in a rock that has the shape of a once living thing. It may be an imprint of a leaf, feather, footprint, etc. WHAT is a MOLD fossil?

36 3-3.3 Recognize types of fossils This type of fossil is a mold that has been filled in with sediments that harden and take the shape of the once living thing. WHAT is a CAST fossil ?

37 3-3.3 Recognize types of fossils This type of fossil is a mold that has been filled in with sediments that harden and take the shape of the once living thing. WHAT is a CAST fossil ?

38 3-3.3 Recognize types of fossils This type of fossil is the actual living thing that has actually turned into stone. This can happen to things like shells, bones, or teeth. WHAT are PRESERVED PARTS ?

39 3-3.3 Recognize types of fossils This type of fossil is the actual living thing that has actually turned into stone. This can happen to things like shells, bones, or teeth. WHAT are PRESERVED PARTS ?

40 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a salt water fish was found in an area that is now mountains. When it was living, what was its environment?

41 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a salt water fish was found in an area that is now mountains. When it was living, what was its environment? the OCEAN?

42 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a tree leaf was found in an area that is now desert. When it was living, what was its environment?

43 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a tree leaf was found in an area that is now desert. When it was living, what was its environment? a Forest

44 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a plant was found in an area that is now an Arctic environment. When it was living, what was its environment?

45 3-3.3 Infer ideas about the Earth’s early environment from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago What was the environment like long ago in the area where these fossils were found? A fossil of a plant was found in an area that is now an Arctic environment. When it was living, what was its environment? a warm climate


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