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Foster High School Research Guide To be used in conjunction with current MLA handbook Compiled by FHS English Dept. Last Updated: June 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Foster High School Research Guide To be used in conjunction with current MLA handbook Compiled by FHS English Dept. Last Updated: June 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Foster High School Research Guide To be used in conjunction with current MLA handbook Compiled by FHS English Dept. Last Updated: June 2006

2 Adapted Format for Research All research papers follow the most current MLA format where addressed. All research papers follow the Foster High School’s adapted format where MLA does not specifically address the format. For example, note cards are not specifically addressed in MLA and will follow the Foster format.

3 Adapted Format for Research continued All research papers should be double spaced throughout. Margins addressed in formatting your paper. Periods and the second parenthesis of a set are followed by two spaces.

4 Outline Format (Do not use auto format) I. A. 1. a. (1) (a) (b) (2) b. 2. B. II. All periods should line up and MUST be double-spaced throughout

5 Reminder: Double- space throughout the entire outline (See enlarged version in sample section.)

6 Thesis Statement Thesis: A statement which contains the purpose, intent, and main idea(s) of the essay.

7 Thesis Statement Criteria Make sure your thesis statement focuses on a single, limited subject. Make sure your thesis is stated in a clear, direct sentence (or sentences). For persuasive essays, make sure your thesis conveys your point of view or attitude about the subject. Make sure your research contains enough evidence to fully support your thesis. Make sure your thesis directs you to write a paper that meets all the requirements of the assignment.

8 Bibliography/Source/Bib Card Call Number (only if a book)Library – where received information Source written according to most current MLA handbook. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (begin on 2 nd blue line)

9 Bibliography/Source/Bib Card A 3” x 5” index card Source you will use in your research product Information for your Works Cited page Proof of the research you have completed Organized alphabetically by first keyword in the source card citation

10 Bibliography/Source/Bib Card FHS Smith, Robert. “Lincoln, Abraham.” Encyclopedia Americana. 2004. Grolier Online. Foster High School Library, Richmond, TX. 28 Sept. 2005. ½ inch hanging indent For each type of bib/source card, refer to MLA handbook for format. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (See enlarged version in sample section.)

11 Note card: Author’s Last Name, First NameSlug (topic from outline) “Quote copied verbatim (word for word).” Page # ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Title of source (begin on first blue line)

12 Sample Note card: Smith, John A.Cartoon quality “Disney is always out front when it comes to combining cartoons with live action (Song of the South, Mary Poppins). But Uncle Walt’s animators headed by Richard (The Pink Panther Strikes Again) Williams have outdone themselves. Sound the trumpets: there is historic, hot-ziggety, entertainment with human and Toons blending seamlessly and three- dimensionally.” 11 The World of Disney ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (See enlarged version in sample section.)

13 Note card: 1 st item on your bib/source cardSlug (topic from outline) “Quote copied verbatim (word for word).” ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 nd item on your bib/source card (begin on first blue line) **For database/electronic source with no author/editor & page number

14 Note card: “Learning About Cartooning: A... World of Disney Slug (topic from outline) “Quote copied verbatim (word for word).” ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (begin on first blue line)

15 Placing Quotations in Your Paper From a print source with an author and page: “During pretend play, children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (Boehm 62). From a database/electronic source no author/ed. & no page: “During pretend play, children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (“Let Children be Children” Child Psychology Today). Direct Quote / Original Quote:

16 Placing Quotations in Your Paper Tagged Quote: “During pretend play,” says Helen Boehm, “children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (62). From a database/electronic source no author/ed. & no page : “During pretend play,” states the article, “Let Children be Children,” “children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (Child Psychology Today). From a print source:

17 Placing Quotations in Your Paper Tagged Quote: From a database/electronic source no author/ed. & no page : “During pretend play,” states the article, “Let Children be Children,” “children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (Child Psychology Today). OR In the article, “Let Children be Children,” “During pretend play children explore and make sense of appropriate and grown-up behaviors, testing their own and others’ reactions” (Child Psychology Today).

18 Placing Quotations continued From a print source: Helen Boehm endorses the role of make- believe play by children, saying it is “explor[ing] and mak[ing] sense of appropriate... behaviors” (62). From a database/electronic source-no auth/ed or page number: The article, “Let Children be Children,” endorses the role of make-believe play by children, saying it is “explor[ing] and mak[ing] sense of appropriate... behaviors” (Child Psychology Today). Blended Quote: Reminder: A paraphrase is not a summary

19 Placing Quotations continued Paraphrased Quote: From a print source with an author and page: One authority endorses make-believe play by children who learn from observing human behavior, their own and that of others (Boehm 62). From a database/electronic source-no author/ed. or page number: Reminder: A paraphrase is not a summary!!!! One authority endorses make-believe play by children who learn from observing human behavior, their own and that of others (“Let Children be Children” Child Psychology Today).

20 Avoiding Plagiarism Plagiarism is using someone else’s words or ideas without giving proper credit – or without giving any credit at all – to the writer of the original. Whether plagiarism is intentional or unintentional, it is a serious offense that you can avoid by adhering to the advice for research and writing rules addressed in class.

21 Information for Altering Quotes Ellipses... Whenever you interrupt a quotation or leave out a word(s) or even sentences, you MUST use three (3) periods (with spaces between) to indicate that you have left out words. If the source citation occurs before the final period, the punctuation would be (4) periods, the final indicating the end of the sent. Brackets [ ] Use brackets to indicate that you have altered a quotation by adding words of your own within the quotation marks. You use them to keep a sentence grammatical or to explain a confusing reference.

22 Information for Altering Quotes continued Long/Block Quote When you quote more than four (4) typed lines: introduce the quote by informative comments and/or a signal phrase; indent ten (10) spaces on the left; continue double-spacing; no quotation marks are used; the parenthetical citation goes outside the final period. For example, see MLA 6 th ed. 3.7.3 pg. 111

23 Xeroxed copies of your sources (per teacher request) Note cards used in paper – bound together in the order they were used in the paper Note cards not used in paper – bound together & labeled Bib cards – separate ones used from not used –Put each group in alphabetical order, label, & bind Sample Final Presentation Order Applicable if turning in a formal research paper Materials to be included in final packet:

24 Sample Final Presentation Order continued Copy of outline Graded copy of single body paragraph Rough draft Peer edit sheet Final typed copy of paper with Works Cited as the last page Final grading rubric

25 Do not “pad” your works cited; include only those sources used in the body of the paper Please be advised that students must follow the specific directions given by the teacher for turning in the final paper Sample Final Presentation Order continued

26 Formatting Your Paper Font & Font Size The font needs to be Times New Roman. The font size for the entire document should be size 12.

27 Formatting Your Paper Header – starting with 1 st page of the body of your research paper Your last name with the page number should be right aligned in the header on all pages –View menu –Header and Footer –Click Align Right –Type your last name –Press space 3 times –Click Insert Page Number (Located on the Header & Footer toolbar)

28 Formatting Your Paper Margins Top, Bottom, Left, and Right margins all need to be set at 1” To get to margins: File menu  Page Setup –Word, by default, prevents widows and orphans from occurring in a document. –Because of widows and orphans, it is possible the bottom margin of a document may be larger than 1”. The bottom margin may range from 1 1/4” to 1 7/8”, but no larger.

29 Formatting Your Paper Line Spacing Select everything. Use one of the following methods to select the text. –Click Edit menu  click Select All, or Press Ctrl + A To set line spacing to Double –Click Format menu  click Paragraph  change line spacing from single to double, or Press Ctrl + 2

30 Formatting Your Paper First Line Indent Select the paragraph text (excluding your name, date, class information, title, and works cited) On the Ruler, drag the First Line Indent marker to ½” mark on the ruler (Note: be sure only to drag the First Line Indent marker and not the rest of the markers)

31 Example of Heading (According to the current MLA Handbook)

32 Example of Heading for Mrs. Nutt (According to the current MLA Handbook) Student Name Mrs. Nutt English I – Honors 11 November 2008

33 Formatting Your Paper Inserting a Page Break Manually Place the cursor at the beginning of the line of the text you want on a separate page Insert menu Click on Break Be sure page break is selected, click OK Following these directions will insure that you will maintain a 1 inch margin at the bottom of the page

34 Formatting Your Works Cited Page Create a Hanging Indent Select all of the entries (DO NOT select the title Works Cited). Point to the Hanging Indent marker on the ruler (underneath the First Line Indent marker). Be sure not to drag the left indent marker, which will indent both the first and second lines of the works cited. Drag the marker to the half-inch marker.

35 Formatting Your Works Cited Page Sort the Works Cited Alphabetically Be sure the title Works Cited is centered at the top of the page Alphabetize entries used in the paper according to the first word of each entry excluding A, An, and The

36 Example of Works Cited Smith 12 Works Cited Chandler, Thomas, ed. Literature and You. Boston: Literary Press, 1998. “Gun Control in Texas.” Issues and Controversies 14 Dec. 2002. Facts.com. Facts on File. Foster High School Library, Richmond, TX. 12 Jan. 2003. Westmore, Janet. “Poe Remembered.” Fiction Today 26.4 (1998):2-22. Literature Resource Center. Gale. Foster High School Library, Richmond, TX. 14 Aug. 2003. Reminder: Hanging Indentation ½” from left margin after the first line of the entry. Double-space the entire Works Cited. Times New Roman 12 pt. font (See enlarged version in sample section.)

37 Works Consulted When researching a topic and the final product is NOT a research paper, a Works Consulted page WILL be required. A Works Consulted page contains a list of all sources utilized for the final product (not including clip art). The format for a Works Consulted follows that of the Works Cited with the exception of the title.

38 Use the spell check & then proofread. Remember that you are the final editor of your paper. Page range will be determined by grade & course level.


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