Session 182 Session Objectives 1.Provide an Overview of Disaster Preparedness 2.Describe and Discuss the Preparedness Actions of Government 3.Describe and Discuss the Preparedness Actions of Individuals
Session 183 Disaster Preparedness “Action taken in advance of a disaster to ensure adequate response to its impacts, and the relief and recovery from its consequences.”
Session 184 Who Performs Preparedness Actions? Emergency response agencies Government officials Businesses Nongovernmental organizations Hospitals Individuals and families
Session 185 Preparedness Goals Knowing what to do in the lead up to or in the aftermath of a disaster Knowing how to do what needs to be done Being equipped with the right tools to effectively do what needs to be done
Session 186 Preparedness Establishes: What hazards are likely to occur What the consequences of those hazards will be What the response requirements will be What direct responsibilities the individual has to address those requirements What skills, competencies, and resources are required to fulfill those responsibilities What are the response triggers How prepared the stakeholder actually is to perform the required actions
Session 187 Two Preparedness ‘Groups’ Government –administration, emergency management, public health, and other services agencies Public –Individuals, nongovernmental organizations, and businesses
Session 188 Mitigation vs. Preparedness Mitigation: reduces hazard risk likelihood or consequences before a disaster occurs Preparedness: Allows for enhanced response actions Many actions and activities will fit neatly into both categories.
Session 189 Government Preparedness Actions Planning Exercise Training Equipment Statutory authority
Session 1810 Planning Determines: –Is the event a disaster? –Who is in control of the overall response? –Where will damage and needs information come from? –What specific actions need to be performed? –What is the logical flow of these actions? –Who is responsible for performing each action? –Where will resources come from? –What laws give authority to the actions and actors? –What outside resources can be called upon? –What procedures must be followed to request and accept these resources?
Session 1811 Planning: The EOP Centerpiece of government preparedness A playbook of response actions Built upon predictions of hazard risk Must be flexible to allow for a range of hazards and severity (scaled up or down) Address complex/diverse needs
Session 1812 Planning: EOP Function The people and agencies who will be involved in the response to hazard events (including disasters) The responsibilities and actions of these individuals and agencies When and where those responsibilities and actions will be called upon How citizens and structures will be protected in the event of a disaster. The equipment, facilities, and resources available within and outside the jurisdiction.
Session 1813 Planning: EOP Components A hazards risk analysis The basic plan Emergency function (‘Functional’) annexes Hazard-specific annexes
Session 1814 Planning: The Basic Plan The Introductory Material The Purpose The Situation and Assumptions The Concept of Operations Organization and Assignment of Responsibilities Administration and Logistics Plan Development and Logistics Authorities and References
Session 1815 Planning: Functional Annexes Provide much more highly detailed information about operational needs Go into much greater detail about who does what May cover any specific task or function conducted in the lead up to, response, or aftermath of a disaster
Session 1816 Planning: Functional Annexes Direction and control Notification and warning Evacuation Communications Public works Public information Fire suppression Search and rescue Emergency medical services and mass care Mortuary services Security and perimeter control Inclusion of military resources Transportation Traffic control Relief Short- and long-term recovery Financial management International coordination Volunteer management Donations management Vulnerable populations
Session 1817 Planning: Hazard Annexes Contain operational information not covered in the base plan May stipulate risk for individual hazards, including the geographic range, the population likely to be affected, and the season or time the disaster is most likely Special detection and warning systems, evacuation routes, risk maps, preparedness and response issues, and other topics may be included
Session 1818 Planning: Exercise Allows those involved in emergency and disaster response, as defined in the EOP, to practice their roles and responsibilities before an actual event occurs Prepares individuals to carry out their duties Helps find problems in the plan in non-emergency situations Introduces individuals and agencies involved in response
Session 1820 Planning: Training Disaster response officials are more effective if they are trained to do their jobs Response officials may place their lives in unnecessary and grave danger if they are not adequately trained in the particulars of specialized response Untrained or insufficiently trained responders add to the possibility of a secondary emergency or disaster
Session 1821 Planning: Specialized Training Topics Evacuation Mass care Mass fatalities management Debris management Flood-fighting operations Warning coordination Spontaneous volunteer management Hazardous materials Weapons of mass destruction Cyclonic storm response Urban and wilderness search and rescue Radiological response Crowd control Response to terrorist attacks Wildfire and wildland fire response
Session 1822 Preparedness: Equipment Helps response agencies reduce the number of injuries and deaths and the amount of property damaged or destroyed as result of disaster events increases the effectiveness of response agencies by protecting the life of the responders themselves Access to equipment depends on available resources
Session 1823 Preparedness: Equipment Types Fire Suppression Rescue Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Disaster Medical Care Public Warning and Alert Systems Communications Disaster Feeding Others…
Session 1824 Statutory Authority Disaster characterized by: –Expenditures of funds –Suspension of normal government and private activities –Other deviations from ‘normal’ Statutory authorities help to ensure that all individuals and agencies involved in the emergency management system are able to carry out their duties –Ensure that EM agencies and functions are established, staffed, and funded.
Session 1825 Public Preparedness In disasters, response resources are stretched to the limits of their capacity Vast response requirements can delay the delivery of these services to many people Individual and family preparedness are vital to increasing overall community resilience, especially in light of the limitations typically experienced by the emergency services in the outset of large-scale events
Session 1826 Examples of Public Response Role Basic search and rescue Provision of first aid Fire suppression Flood fighting Traffic control Utility shut-off