3Angola Area. 2,246,700 km2 Population: 13 Million Colonial period – 1975
4Brief History of UAN (Breve história da UAN) Creation (Criação)1962: decree nº of 21 August; General Studies for Universities in Angola (GSUA)= Integral part of Portuguese University1968 (December) : GSUA→University of Luanda (UL)1976 (September): UL →University of Angola (UA)1985 (January): UA→University Agostinho Neto(UAN)
5Brief History of UAN (Breve história da UAN) Fight for Freedom: 1961 – 1975 (14 years)Independance date: November 11, 1975Civil war: 1975 – 2002 (27 years)End of civil war: April 04, 2002
6Status (Estatuto) Ministry of Education (Ministerio da Educação) State Secretary for Higher Education (Secretaria de Estado para ensino Superior)Autonomy: (Autonomia)Scientific (cientifico)Pedagogy/Teaching (pedagogica)Administration (administração)Finance (finanças)Disciplinary (disciplina)
7School Organization (Organização de Escolas Académicas) Faculties (Faculdades):Agrarian Sciences (FCA)Human Medicine (Medicina)Law (Lei)Engineering (Engenharia)Letters and Social Sciences (Letra e ciências social)Economy (Economia)Sciences (Ciencias)Superior Institutes (Institutos superiores)Teachers training (ISCED)Technology (técnico)Nurse (enfermagem)(Total number students: 41,527 (2007))
8Organization of UAN (Organização da UAN) Assemby (assembléia)Senate (senado)Rector (reitor)Secretary of University (secretariado)Counsel of the Direction (conselho de direção)Faculties and Schools (unidades organicas)
9Program approved by the State (Programa aprovado para o Governo) Increase the number of students admited per year (aumentar o numero de estudantes admitidos por ano)Increase the number of finalists per year (aumentar o numero de finalistas por ano)Improve the quality of teaching and research (melhorar a qualidade de ensino e investigação)Expand the University (espanção universitaria)
11Collaboration Successful cases of collaboration: Span. MSc program with Barcelona, Veterinary medicineSpan: Creation of School of Forestry, CordobaPortugal: MSc program in agronomy and Natural ResourcesUSA. Michigan State Univ. CRISP Bean and PulseCuba. Mobility of teachers and global training
12Case study 1. Collaboration program The Association Liaison Office (ALO) for University Cooperation in Development2004 Special Request for Applications U.S. - Southern Africa Partnerships for Agriculture (USSAPA)
13Case study 1. Collaboration program Justification and ObjectivesALO, in cooperation with USAID/Regional Center for Southern Africa, issued an RFA (Request for Applications) for three (3) two-year institutional partnerships in agriculture to promote rural livelihoods, food security and agricultural growth.
14Case study 1. Collaboration program Conditions:Partnerships should include U.S. higher education institutions or consortia, Southern African universities, agricultural research centers, NGOs, and private industry in multiple Southern African countries.
15Case study 1. Collaboration program There will be one (1) award in each of 3 areas:Applied Research and Technology Transfer Consortia ($2.2 million);Appropriate Germplasm ($550,000); and,Economic Research and Agriculture Policy Harmonization ($670,000).
16Case study 1. Collaboration program RelevanceThe war in Angola lasted about 30 years and has destroyed almost all infrastructures. Agricultural production was inexistent and the country relayed entirely in food importation. Education was frequently interrupted by civil war and qualified human resources fled the country. Year 2004 was only two years away from the concretization of internal peace process and the country needed assistance to boost its agricultural production and education. University involvement in collaboration is one of the best ways of cooperation in development as the University’s aim is to educate human being, i.e. the society.
17Case study 1. Collaboration program EffectivenessAlliance was created between USA and African Universities. University Agostinho Neto was in a consortium with Stellenbosch University (SA), Bunda University (Malawi), Cornell University (USA), and Purdue University (USA). Proposal of common interest was drafted to respond to the call (RFA). Efforts and expenses were engaged to concretize the projectUnfortunately, the project was not approved.
18Case study 1. Collaboration program Reflection for failure- Collaborative universities are out of the reflection as they are agreed on common activities to be carried out to fulfil objectives.- It is only the donor side that we may speculate. Guess, what difficulty to control the donor!.- Presumption: It is possible that the evaluation committee (the donor) has a biased judgement on some African countries. May have a pre-selected list of participants’ countries/beneficiaries?- Unmatched agenda between universities: Activities may be concentrating abroad than in Africa? Thus, more funding stays abroad?- Difference in priorities between universities- More demand (clients) than offer (funding)- Out of the standard required- Donor expectation not met by applicants
19Case study 2. Integration program The Southern African Regional Universities Association (SARUA)Justification and ObjectivesThe SARUA project is an integration program of the Southern African Universities. It aimed in facilitating mobility among members, communication and problem solving among members.
20Case study 2. Integration program RelevanceThe war in Angola lasted about 30 years and has destroyed almost all infrastructures. Many sectors of development were collapsed and education was not preserved and was frequently interrupted. After the peace process in 2002, the government has to define new policies for the development of the country. Actually, it was in one hand about choosing priority among priorities. It was mostly a matter of internal organization rather than external. In other hand, African countries were unstable in many essential areas of development; thus when launched, the project faced many barriers to overcome.
21Case study 2. Integration program EffectivenessSeveral meetings were carried out without tangible results.Nothing was done by countries members.
22Case study 2. Integration program Reflection for failureLack of interest of collaborative countries/universitiesDifference in priorities setting between countries/UniversitiesDifference in curriculum setting and orientationHarmonization of priorities