Presentation on theme: "La Independencia de México el 16 de septiembre. 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 La independencia de México Antes de 1519 Many indigenous tribes live in Mexico,"— Presentation transcript:
La Independencia de México el 16 de septiembre
La independencia de México Antes de 1519 Many indigenous tribes live in Mexico, including Aztecs, Toltecs, and Mayans
La independencia de México noviembre 1519 Hernán Cortes arrives in México and finds the Aztecs. Cortes and the king of the Aztecs speak amicably in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán Cortes is given 20 slave women, one of which is named Marina. He takes her as a wife and she becomes his interpreter and spy. She is seen as a traitor by her people after the Spanish are able to defeat the Aztecs.
La independencia de México 1519 The Spanish capture King Moctezuma and kill many of the natives. The Aztecs attack but Moctezuma is murdered.
La independencia de México 1521 The Spanish conquer the Aztecs and thousands die because of war and disease The Spanish control México for 300 years. During these years a racial hierarchy is formed.
La jerarquía de razas Los mestizos Los criollos Los españoles Los indios, los negros y los mulatos
La independencia de México 1810 In 1810 a priest named Miguel Hidalgo asks the mestizos and the indios of the village of Dolores to fight against the Spanish.
La independencia de México 1810 The rebels plan an attack for Decembre but the Spanish find out. The rebels then decide to attack immediately In 1810 a priest named Miguel Hidalgo asks the mestizos and the indios of the village of Dolores to fight against the Spanish. ¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadelupe!
La independencia de México years and many deaths later, the war ends. México is independent. ¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadelupe!
La independencia de México 1. Who led the conquering of Mexico? 3. What was one advantage Cortes had over the Aztecs? 2. Which tribe did Cortes defeat? Who was their leader? 4. Describe the racial hierarchy. 5. Who said, ¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadalupe! and why?