2 La independencia de México 1900 1500 1700 1600 1800 Antes de 1519 Many indigenous tribes live in Mexico, including Aztecs, Toltecs, and Mayans1800
3 La independencia de México 1900 1500 1700 1600 1800 noviembre 1519 Hernán Cortes arrives in México and finds the Aztecs. Cortes and the king of the Aztecs speak amicably in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán.190015001700160018001519Cortes is given 20 slave women, one of which is named Marina. He takes her as a wife and she becomes his interpreter and spy. She is seen as a traitor by her people after the Spanish are able to defeat the Aztecs.
4 La independencia de México 1900 1500 1700 1600 1800 1519 The Spanish capture King Moctezuma and kill many of the natives. The Aztecs attack but Moctezuma is murdered.19001500170016001800
5 La independencia de México 1900 1500 1700 1600 1800 1521 The Spanish conquer the Aztecs and thousands die because of war and disease.19001500170016001800The Spanish control México for 300 years. During these years a racial hierarchy is formed.
6 Los indios, los negros y los mulatos La jerarquía de razasLos españolesLos criollosLos mestizosLos indios, los negros y los mulatos
7 La independencia de México 1900 1800 1810 In 1810 a priest named Miguel Hidalgo asks the mestizos and the indios of the village of Dolores to fight against the Spanish.19001800
8 La independencia de México 1900 1800 1810The rebels plan an attack for Decembre but the Spanish find out. The rebels then decide to attack immediately.19001810In 1810 a priest named Miguel Hidalgo asks the mestizos and the indios of the village of Dolores to fight against the Spanish.1800¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadelupe!
9 La independencia de México 1900 1800 182111 years and many deaths later, the war ends. México is independent.19001800¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadelupe!
10 La independencia de México 1. Who led the conquering of Mexico? 2. Which tribe did Cortes defeat? Who was their leader?3. What was one advantage Cortes had over the Aztecs?4. Describe the racial hierarchy.5. Who said, “¡Viva México y la Virgen de Guadalupe!” and why?