Presentation on theme: "‘THOUGHT GROUPS’ or PHRASING"— Presentation transcript:
1‘THOUGHT GROUPS’ or PHRASING Public Speaking‘THOUGHT GROUPS’orPHRASINGFROM: ESL Pronunciation Work Page Created originally to accompany Academic Spoken English PronunciationBridget Green Extension 2006
2What are ‘thought groups’? Written English = punctuation to show pauses. Spoken English = group words by their meaning and pause between them. It's important to know where to put the pauses in the sentences so that you can sound more like a native-speaker.
4Thought Group Patterns Use the PunctuationMy sister, who is older, isn’t married.He’s funny; I like him.He has two great features: his eyes and his smile.periods.commas,semi-colons;colons:
5Thought Group Patterns Emily and Josh have been living in Pullman.The guy next door ought to have called for the last few months.When there isn’t any punctuation, where are the thought groups?
6Thought Group Patterns? How do you knowwhere the ‘thought groups’ are?GRAMMAR
7Thought Group Patterns Emily and JoshThe guy who lives next doorNoun phrases: Verb phrases: have been livingought to have called
8Thought Group Patterns in Pullmanfor a couple of monthsPrepositional phrases: Parenthetical phrases: phrasing (or thought groups)this is, in fact, an example.
9Thought Group Patterns Short subject & verb: Mary likes him.The guy smiled.
10The important thing to remember PausingThe important thing to rememberisto pausein the right places.
11Let’s try it. With a partner read these sentences out loud. Where should you pause?
12Let’s try it. Ladies and gentlemen / thank you / for coming tonight.
13Let’s try it.I’d like to tell you a little bit about the art of Japanese origami, or paper folding.I’d like to tell you / a little bit / about the art / of Japanese origami, / or paper folding.
14Let’s try it.First, let me explain the history of origami (although, I must admit, it’s not perfectly clear).First, / let me explain / the history of origami / (although, / I must admit, / it’s not perfectly clear).
15speaking in thought groups That’s it!Remember:speaking in thought groupswill make youeasier to understand.