Presentation on theme: "Metal Stents in Gastroenterology Kirsten Rosser, RN Gastroenterology Department."— Presentation transcript:
Metal Stents in Gastroenterology Kirsten Rosser, RN Gastroenterology Department
Outline n History n What is a metal stent? n Placement n Indications for use n Insertion n Complications n After care
History of GI Stents n 1973 Didcott (Oesophageal) n 1985 Carrasco (Biliary) n 1991 Dahmato (Colorectal)
What is a Metal Stent?
Where do we place them? n Oesophagus
Oesophageal Stents - indications n Palliative care in patients with malignant obstruction of the oesophagus n Increase in nutritional intake n Minimise risk of aspiration
Where do we place them? n Oesophagus n Duodenum
Duodenal Stents - indications n Palliative treatment for obstruction of the duodenum n Facilitates gastric emptying n Decreases nausea and vomiting n Avoid palliative surgery
Where do we place them? n Oesophagus n Duodenum n Bile duct
Biliary Stents - indications n Infiltrating tumours n Palliative treatment of bile duct obstruction n Relieve symptoms of jaundice n Ascending Cholangitis
Where do we place them? n Oesophagus n Duodenum n Bile duct n Colon
Colonic Stents - indications n Immediate bowel decompression n Palliative treatment of large bowel obstruction n Decreased surgical morbidity n Shorter hospital admission n Decreased costs compared to colostomy/resection
Preparing the patient n Information leaflets n Explaining the procedure n Answering any questions n Obtaining informed consent
During the procedure - the nurses role n Monitoring vital signs n Assessing patient comfort n Maintaining patient dignity n Assisting the Doctor with placing stent
How is the stent deployed?
Complications associated with stent placement n Perforation n pain n bleeding n stent migration n tumour ingrowth/overgrowth n fistula formation/ulceration
Care of the patient post stent insertion - immediate n NBM for 2 hours n Hourly observations - BP and pulse n Assess for pain n Clear fluids after 2 hours if no pain n Liquid diet after 4 hours n Soft diet after 24 hours n Notify Dr if any pain, bleeding or change in observations
Care of the patient post stent insertion - longer term n Dietician referral n Position while eating (Oesophageal) n Patient Information leaflets n What happens if the stent blocks?