3Why are we Here? Sides of Vietnam Country divided at the 17th Parallel lineNorth Vietnam = Communist, led by Ho Chi Minh (VIETCONG)North supplied by China and RussiaSouth Vietnam = DemocraticSouth backed by USA
4What is the U.S. Role in Vietnam? CONTAINMENT – Keep Communism from expanding (by George Keenan)Imperialism = foreign control (colonization)Saigon = Capital of South Vietnam
5In the US Government Hawks = wanted war (get involved) Doves = wanted peace (stay out)
8Who are we fighting?Civilians lie dead and a South Vietnamese soldier still sits in his jeep after being shot in the head by a team of hit-and-run Vietcong in Vietnamese children are running past and looking at the charred and dismembered bodies.
9Why is he doing this?Passers-by stop to watch as flames envelope a young Buddhist monk, Saigon, October 5th, 1963.
10War on TV First war where Journalists had free access to war zone USA sees war horror on TV every day with dinnerPropels anti-war sentiment
11Is protest worth your own life? SDS – Students for Democratic SocietyOrganized on College campuses
12SNCC – Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee Civil rights group protested war
13War Protests War very unpopular in USA Protests explode on College campuses across USAMay 4, Kent State shootings4 students shot dead by National Guard troops among protesters
14DC Under Siege President’s Johnson & Nixon faced daily pressure "Hey, hey LBJ, how many kids have you killed today?""One, two, three, four! We don't want your f***ing war!"
18Fear of Communist Expansion Patriotic DutySupport Troops in warFear of Communist ExpansionCOMMUNISM – (Soc. / Econ. System) – Goods held in common by Gov’t, no free marketStop Dictator (Gov’t Abuses towards people)
21Not understand GOALSNo business in VietnamUnfair Draft (Poor minorities could not afford to get out of the draft)War Violence on TV dailySame men fighting for USA not have basic Civil RightsCivil Rights Movement & Anti – War movement usually side by side