2while relating these facts and places to the culture of the Goal/OverviewStudents will discover important facts and places regarding the Commonwealth of Puerto Ricowhile relating these facts and places to the culture of theUnited States and the other 20 Spanish-speaking countries for the world.
3ObjectivesStudents will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico.Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico.Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico.Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico.Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico.
4Lesson ProceduresAsk students what they know about Puerto Rico. Discuss their answers and lead into the lesson on this country.Hand out Puerto Rico Map/Fact Worksheet.Group students in pairs and allow 10 minutes to use the classroom atlases to complete the map and facts on the worksheet.Show the PowerPoint presentation “Where in the World is Puerto Rico?” and discuss their findings as they complete their map/fact page.Have them use the appropriate colors listed on their map page.Have a student move Luis & Luisa to the island of Puerto Rico on the Classroom World Map Mural to recognize its relative location on a map.
5Puerto Rico - LocationPuerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Region, also known as the West Indies.It is composed of an archipelago, which includes the main island of Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys.
6Puerto Rico - Facts Official Name: Capital: San Juan; 18 N, 66 W Commonwealth of Puerto Rico(Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico)Capital: San Juan; 18 N, 66 WNationality: Puerto Rican (U.S.)Population: 3.9 MillionSize: ½ size of Massachusetts; ,515 sq miLanguages: Spanish & English (both official)Religions: Roman Catholic & ProtestantCurrency: US DollarClimate: TropicalNational Holiday: July 25“El Dia de la Constitucion”, which commemorates the date in 1952 when Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the U.S.
7Map of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico outside of the Capital building. San Juan is known as “La Ciudad Amurallada” (the walled city).It is the largest city and Capital of Puerto Rico.It was founded in 1508 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon.It is a major port and tourist resort of the West Indies.It is the center of Caribbean shipping and the 2nd largest sea port in the area (after New York City).It is the oldest city under the U.S flag.Map of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico outside of the Capital building.The “Raices” (Races) Fountain on the Devil’s Walk Tour in Old San Juan. It symbolizes the roots to Puerto Rico’s cultural heritage.
8Ponce Ponce is known as “La Perla del Sur” (Pearl of the South) It is Puerto Rico’s 2nd largest city.It is also called the “Ciudad Senorial” (Majestic City) because of its many beautiful neoclassical buildings and facades.It was founded in 1692 by Loiza Ponce de Leon, the great grandson of Juan Ponce de Leon.Playa de Ponce Port is an important port of entry for trading and distribution.“El Playa de Ponce Port” handles the shipments oftobacco, coffee, rum, and sugar cane.“El Parque De Bombas”Is a popular spot in the city of Ponce.
9Las Fiestas de Santiago is in full swing in the streets of Loiza. Loiza is known as “El Pueblo de la Cacica” (The town of the Cacica, a native group on the island).It was originally settled by Nigerian slaves, but a town was established by the Spanish in 1692.It is a center for African inspired traditions and has the highest percentage of African descendants of all island towns.In June, the town celebrates “Fiestas Patronales” (Patron Saints Day) to Saint James, the town’s patron saint, for 9 days.This celebration is one of the most festive and colorful in Puerto Rico where salsa dancing, masquerades, parades, and rich food make this festival a classic.Las Fiestas de Santiago is in full swing in the streets of Loiza.
10AreciboArecibo is known as “La Puebla Muy Leal Villa” (The very loyal town).It was found in 1556 by the Spanish.It is the largest city in geographical size on the island and is bathed by 2 rivers, Grande de Arecibo & Tanama.Places of interest include “La Cueva del Indio” (The Cave of the Indian) that house drawings from natives from the Prehistoric Era, the Arecibo Observatory, an astronomical observatory that is one of the world’s most powerful radar-radio telescopes, and the Arecibo Lighthouse built by the Spanish in 1898 and still in use today!Arecibo is home to the world’s largestsingle-unit radio telescope.
11El Yunque National Rainforest El Yunque is a cool, mountainous, subtropical rainforeston the Eastern side of the Luquillo Mountains.It covers over 28,000 acres of tropical forest and is home toover 240 species of trees, plants, and animals.El Yunque gets its name from the Indian spirit Yuquirye,which means “Forest of Clouds”.It is the site of the only tropical rainforest under theprotection of the United States.
12The Legend of “El Coqui” Once upon a time in a land called “Borinquen”, there lived a much adored chief named Coqui. When he feel gravely ill, the people pleaded with their gods to save their valiant leader. The gods assured the people that, because of Coqui’s goodness and kindness, he would never die. Unfortunately, life’s end came to Coqui, as it must for all mortals. Confused and angry, the chief’s followers thought that the gods had not kept their promise, but the manner of the gods does not always conform to the will of humans. In order to grant eternal life, the gods gave a tiny from a voice that forever repeated the name “Coqui”.On any afternoon in the land of “Borinquen”, now called Puerto Rico, it is possible to hear the songs of the tiny frogs, “coqui, coqui” recalling the spirit of the admired leader from long ago.Cc – From Castles to Cowboys
13Roosevelt Roads Naval Base Roosevelt Roads was a U.S. Naval base located on the eastern side of the island in Ceiba, Puerto Rico.The Naval Station was first opened in 1919 and named after Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy.The base’s primary purpose was to service the Atlantic Fleet and serve as a site for bombing practice.After much debate and opposition by the Puerto Rican citizens, the U.S. Navy officially closed down the base on March 31, 2004.
14ObjectivesStudents will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico.Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico.Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico.Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico.Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico.
15The Puerto Rican FlagThe Puerto Rican flag is NEVER officially flown alone.It is always accompanied by the flag of the United States.RED represents the blood shed by patriots in the struggle for freedom.WHITE is for purity and the high ideals for which they fought.The TRIANGLE is a reminder of the ideals of the revolution: Liberty,Equality, and Brotherhood.
16Puerto Rico Coat of Arms The lamb is the symbol of peace and brotherhood.The Latin inscription translates “John is his name”.This refers to St. John the Baptist, whose name was chosen for Puerto Rico by Christopher Columbus.The Coat of Arms bears the influence of Spain and the Catholic church.The castles, lions, and flags are symbols of Spain from the colonial period.The letters “F” and “I” refer to the Catholic monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella.
17Puerto Rico - Government Puerto Rico is an organized territory of the United States with commonwealth status.Puerto Ricans do not pay federal income taxes.Citizens can vote in presidential primaries, BUT not in general elections.Nationally, their representative in Washington D.C., is a resident commissioner who votes only in committees of the House of Representatives.Above: State Capital Building inSan Juan, Puerto Rico.
18Puerto Rico - Government Above: Pictures on the Rotunda of the Capitol building in San Juan. Each picture tells thestory of Puerto Rico’s history from the discovery of the island to the present day.Puerto Rico has republican form of government that has 3 branches:The Executive Branch – The GovernorThe Legislative Branch – Senators & RepresentativesThe Judicial Branch – The Supreme Court Judges
19Puerto Rico’s Economy consists of: Puerto Rico - EconomyPuerto Rico’s Economy consists of:1. Agriculturemain crop is SUGARLivestock & Dairy ProductsCoffeeFruit (pineapple, plantains)2. ManufacturingPharmaceuticals – medicineElectronicsTextilesPetrochemicalsProcessed FoodsClothingTourismA MAJOR source of income for the islandBelow: The commemorative U.S. quarter for Puerto Rico shows a picture of the Spanish colonial fort, “El Morro”.
22Puerto Rico - FoodBacalaitosArroz con GrandulesAlcapurria
23Puerto Rico - Vocabulary Borinquen – The Taino Indian name for the island of Puerto Rico. The Tainos were the original inhabitants of the island.Chevere – A slang word that means “cool, hip, rad, awesome, etc.”Jibaro – The country-folk of Puerto Rico who traditionally live in the central mountains of the island.