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Where in the World is Puerto Rico?. Students will discover important facts and places regarding the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico while relating these facts.

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Presentation on theme: "Where in the World is Puerto Rico?. Students will discover important facts and places regarding the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico while relating these facts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Where in the World is Puerto Rico?

2 Students will discover important facts and places regarding the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico while relating these facts and places to the culture of the United States and the other 20 Spanish-speaking countries for the world.

3 Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico. Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico. Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico. Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico. Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico.

4 Ask students what they know about Puerto Rico. Discuss their answers and lead into the lesson on this country. Hand out Puerto Rico Map/Fact Worksheet. Group students in pairs and allow 10 minutes to use the classroom atlases to complete the map and facts on the worksheet. Show the PowerPoint presentation Where in the World is Puerto Rico? and discuss their findings as they complete their map/fact page. Have them use the appropriate colors listed on their map page. Have a student move Luis & Luisa to the island of Puerto Rico on the Classroom World Map Mural to recognize its relative location on a map.

5 Puerto Rico - Location Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Region, also known as the West Indies.Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Region, also known as the West Indies. It is composed of an archipelago, which includes the main island of Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys.It is composed of an archipelago, which includes the main island of Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys.

6 Official Name: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) Capital: San Juan; 18 N, 66 W Nationality: Puerto Rican (U.S.) Population: 3.9 Million Size: ½ size of Massachusetts; 3,515 sq mi Languages: Spanish & English (both official) Religions: Roman Catholic & Protestant Currency: US Dollar Puerto Rico Puerto Rico - Facts Climate: Tropical National Holiday: July 25 El Dia de la Constitucion, which commemorates the date in 1952 when Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the U.S.

7 San Juan San Juan is known as La Ciudad Amurallada (the walled city). It is the largest city and Capital of Puerto Rico. It was founded in 1508 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. It is a major port and tourist resort of the West Indies. It is the center of Caribbean shipping and the 2 nd largest sea port in the area (after New York City). It is the oldest city under the U.S flag. Map of Old San Juan, Puerto Rico outside of the Capital building. The Raices (Races) Fountain on the Devils Walk Tour in Old San Juan. It symbolizes the roots to Puerto Ricos cultural heritage.

8 Ponce Ponce is known as La Perla del Sur (Pearl of the South) It is Puerto Ricos 2 nd largest city. It is also called the Ciudad Senorial (Majestic City) because of its many beautiful neoclassical buildings and facades. It was founded in 1692 by Loiza Ponce de Leon, the great grandson of Juan Ponce de Leon. Playa de Ponce Port is an important port of entry for trading and distribution. El Playa de Ponce Port handles the shipments of tobacco, coffee, rum, and sugar cane. El Parque De Bombas Is a popular spot in the city of Ponce.

9 Loiza Loiza is known as El Pueblo de la Cacica (The town of the Cacica, a native group on the island). It was originally settled by Nigerian slaves, but a town was established by the Spanish in 1692. It is a center for African inspired traditions and has the highest percentage of African descendants of all island towns. In June, the town celebrates Fiestas Patronales (Patron Saints Day) to Saint James, the towns patron saint, for 9 days. This celebration is one of the most festive and colorful in Puerto Rico where salsa dancing, masquerades, parades, and rich food make this festival a classic. Las Fiestas de Santiago is in full swing in the streets of Loiza.

10 Arecibo Arecibo is known as La Puebla Muy Leal Villa (The very loyal town). It was found in 1556 by the Spanish. It is the largest city in geographical size on the island and is bathed by 2 rivers, Grande de Arecibo & Tanama. Places of interest include La Cueva del Indio (The Cave of the Indian) that house drawings from natives from the Prehistoric Era, the Arecibo Observatory, an astronomical observatory that is one of the worlds most powerful radar-radio telescopes, and the Arecibo Lighthouse built by the Spanish in 1898 and still in use today! Arecibo is home to the worlds largest single-unit radio telescope.

11 El Yunque National Rainforest El Yunque is a cool, mountainous, subtropical rainforest on the Eastern side of the Luquillo Mountains. It covers over 28,000 acres of tropical forest and is home to over 240 species of trees, plants, and animals. El Yunque gets its name from the Indian spirit Yuquirye, which means Forest of Clouds. It is the site of the only tropical rainforest under the protection of the United States.

12 The Legend of El Coqui Coqui. Coquis Coqui Coqui. Once upon a time in a land called Borinquen, there lived a much adored chief named Coqui. When he feel gravely ill, the people pleaded with their gods to save their valiant leader. The gods assured the people that, because of Coquis goodness and kindness, he would never die. Unfortunately, lifes end came to Coqui, as it must for all mortals. Confused and angry, the chiefs followers thought that the gods had not kept their promise, but the manner of the gods does not always conform to the will of humans. In order to grant eternal life, the gods gave a tiny from a voice that forever repeated the name Coqui. coqui, coqui On any afternoon in the land of Borinquen, now called Puerto Rico, it is possible to hear the songs of the tiny frogs, coqui, coqui recalling the spirit of the admired leader from long ago. Cc – From Castles to Cowboys

13 Roosevelt Roads Naval Base Roosevelt Roads was a U.S. Naval base located on the eastern side of the island in Ceiba, Puerto Rico. The Naval Station was first opened in 1919 and named after Franklin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy. The bases primary purpose was to service the Atlantic Fleet and serve as a site for bombing practice. After much debate and opposition by the Puerto Rican citizens, the U.S. Navy officially closed down the base on March 31, 2004.

14 Students will locate important cities, landmarks, and geographical features of Puerto Rico. Students will analyze and classify the economical, historical, and cultural significance of places and events in Puerto Rico. Students will differentiate the musical styles and sample the cuisine of Puerto Rico. Students will design and construct a model of a tropical home suitable for the geographic conditions in Puerto Rico. Students will produce a passport page containing information learned while studying Puerto Rico.

15 The Puerto Rican Flag The Puerto Rican flag is NEVER officially flown alone. RED represents the blood shed by patriots in the struggle for freedom. WHITE is for purity and the high ideals for which they fought. The TRIANGLE is a reminder of the ideals of the revolution: Liberty, Equality, and Brotherhood. It is always accompanied by the flag of the United States.

16 Puerto Rico Coat of Arms The Coat of Arms bears the influence of Spain and the Catholic church. The castles, lions, and flags are symbols of Spain from the colonial period. F IThe letters F and I refer to the Catholic monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella. The lamb is the symbol of peace and brotherhood. The Latin inscription translates John is his name. This refers to St. John the Baptist, whose name was chosen for Puerto Rico by Christopher Columbus.

17 Puerto Rico - Government 1.Puerto Rico is an organized territory of the United States with commonwealth status. 2.Puerto Ricans do not pay federal income taxes. 3.Citizens can vote in presidential primaries, BUT not in general elections. 4.Nationally, their representative in Washington D.C., is a resident commissioner who votes only in committees of the House of Representatives. Above: State Capital Building in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

18 Puerto Rico - Government Above: Pictures on the Rotunda of the Capitol building in San Juan. Each picture tells the story of Puerto Ricos history from the discovery of the island to the present day. Puerto Rico has republican form of government that has 3 branches: 1.The Executive Branch – The Governor 2.The Legislative Branch – Senators & Representatives 3.The Judicial Branch – The Supreme Court Judges

19 Puerto Rico - Economy Below: The commemorative U.S. quarter for Puerto Rico shows a picture of the Spanish colonial fort, El Morro. Puerto Ricos Economy consists of: 1. Agriculture main crop is SUGAR Livestock & Dairy Products Coffee Fruit (pineapple, plantains) 2. Manufacturing Pharmaceuticals – medicine Electronics Textiles Petrochemicals Processed Foods Clothing 3.Tourism A MAJOR source of income for the island

20 Puerto Rico - Animals San Pedritos Guaraguao Coqui

21 Puerto Rico - Music Guiro Cuatro Pandereta

22 Puerto Rico - Food Arroz con Grandules Bacalaitos Alcapurria

23 Borinquen – The Taino Indian name for the island of Puerto Rico. The Tainos were the original inhabitants of the island. Chevere – A slang word that means cool, hip, rad, awesome, etc. Jibaro – The country-folk of Puerto Rico who traditionally live in the central mountains of the island. Puerto Rico - Vocabulary


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