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Where are We? A Reflection on the Current Status of Reaching the Unreached.

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Presentation on theme: "Where are We? A Reflection on the Current Status of Reaching the Unreached."— Presentation transcript:

1 Where are We? A Reflection on the Current Status of Reaching the Unreached

2 The World is Changing Changes Affecting All of Us

3 A Changing World 1) Globalization economic cultural information physical

4 A Changing World 1) Globalization and the Unreached We are seeking increased opportunities for interaction and influence among the unreached while struggling with all the implications

5 A Changing World 2) Localization cultural identity nationalism ethnocentrism religious identity resurgence

6 A Changing World 2) Localization and the Unreached The common ethne approach addresses this felt-need. We are also seeking to use a wide variety of “customized” approaches

7 A Changing World 3) Urbanization Over 50% of world now urban By 2050 estimated 66%

8 A Changing World 3) Urbanization Christians are 44% of urban populations, while we are only 33% of world population. Globally 63% of Christians lived in cities in 2000.

9 A Changing World 3) Urbanization and the Unreached Multi-dimensional approaches necessary for the cities Currently a greater emphasis on people group homelands We need more emphasis on UPGs in non-homeland unreached cities & megacities

10 A Changing World 4) Three Waves of Societies Agricultural Wave Industrial Wave Information Wave 3 Waves are co-existent

11 A Changing World 4) Key Issues for the Three Waves Agricultural – Tribalism Industrial – Nationalism Information - Globalization

12 A Changing World 4) Waves of Societies & the Unreached Some unaware of waves Some subconsciously aware Some addressing different approaches to different waves – such as the rise of “information wave ministries”

13 A Changing World 5) Migration political refugees ecological migrants economic migrants nomadic communities

14 A Changing World 5) Migration and the Unreached political refugees – growing number of refugee ministries ecological migrants – growing number of “green” ecological mission efforts

15 A Changing World 5) Migration and the Unreached economic migrants – some attention to student and economic immigrants – but probably not proportionate attention given their strategic potential nomadic communities – focused missions to nomads but one of the most difficult focus populations

16 A Changing World 6) Hurting 400 million on verge of starvation 1.3 billion – so safe water 1.1 billion – no adequate shelter 1.5 billion – no medical care 40,000 children under 5 will die today from malnutrition & sickness

17 A Changing World 6) The Hurting among the Unreached Some encouraging signs of getting beyond the heretical separation of the sacred & secular / physical & spiritual while acknowledging that salvation and new life in Christ is the ultimate healing

18 A Changing World 7) Crisis Wars: over 100 primarily ethnic wars - 90% of casualties are civilians Increase of Terrorism Fundamentalist / Mainline / Modernist conflict in major religions Increasing CHEs – complex humanitarian emergencies

19 A Changing World 7) Crises and the Unreached People are usually more open during times of uprooting A need to be more strategic in our collaboration in response to crises such as Frontier Crisis Response Network strategy group here

20 A Changing World 7) Crises and the Unreached A growing number of radically committed people willing to risk their lives for the gospel

21 A Changing World 8) Persecution The 20th Century has seen more martyrs than the previous 19 combined… (population is greater) There may be up to 160,000 martyrdoms per year in 50 countries. (David B. Barrett & Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Trends AD30-AD 2200, p. 71)

22 A Changing World 8) Persecution and the Unreached Some have learned to thrive despite persecution. Others are struggling to know best ways to deal with persecution Greater awareness that persecution is the norm, not the exception

23 A Changing Church Changes in the Global Body of Christ

24 PROTESTANT MISSIONS IMPACT Percentage of Protestants in Asia, Africa, and Latin America Paul E. Pierson 77% in 2005 10% in 1900 1% in 1800



27 100,000 new Christians every day. 4,500 new congregations every week. A Changing Church

28 Christians around the World 227 million 20 million 427 million 350 million 300 million 123 million 410 million

29 In South Korea Seoul Pusan In 1900 there were no protestant churches. Today South Korea is 30% Christian.

30 In 1900 only 3% Christian Today sub-saharan Africa is 50% Christian. 25,000 new believers daily In Africa

31 In Latin America In 1900 there were 50,000 Protestants. In 1980 there were 20 million Protestants. In 2000 there are 100 million Protestants.

32 In China In 1950: 1 million Christians Today: 70+ million Christians 35,000 new believers daily

33 Great Commission Christians In 1900 14% of all Christians In 2005, they are 32% Int’l Bulletin of Missionary Research, 1/05, David B. Barrett and Todd M. Johnson, p. 29.

34 A Changing Church The Christian center of gravity has shifted to the Global South (now with 62.5% of all Christians). It is also shifting east. East Asia has about 115 million Christians. World Christian Database

35 Missions is Changing Changes in the Harvest Force

36 New Sending Countries More missionaries are being sent from non-Western churches than from Western churches. There are now about 4,000 Third World mission agencies. Ralph Winter & Bruce Koch, “Finishing the Task: The Unreached Peoples Challenge,” Perspectives, 3rd ed., p. 509) David B. Barrett & Todd M. Johnson, World Christian Trends AD 30-AD 2200, p. 71).

37 RankCountryPIAs/miss 1Mongolia222 2Lebanon295 3Singapore400 4Niger451 5Nepal458 6Sri Lanka479 7Spain512 8Faeroe Is533 9Mali608 10Thailand633 11China, HK688 12Canada696 13India842 14New Zealand887 15Korea, S918 How many Christians to send one missionary? RankCountryPIAs/miss 23Australia1546 26Japan1806 30United States2148 31Switzerland2166 37Finland3046 40Brazil3666 41UK3775 42Norway3873 43Sweden4081 52Argentina7059 53Germany7226 67South Africa9985 73Romania12089 75Nigeria13204

38 Internationalization of Missions Emergence of multi-national Christian agencies –CCC, YWAM, OMF, SIL, SIM, Navs, WV, AOG No more “sending” and “receiving” nations Missions continues to move East and South: South Korea, Philippines, Latin America, India, Africa, South Africa, China, Singapore The Chinese church has a vision to move through Central Asia “back to Jerusalem.” They are praying to send out thousands and tens of thousands of missionaries

39 New Mission Patterns More local churches are bypassing traditional mission agencies, becoming direct senders. (Stan Guthrie, Mission in the 3 rd Millennium, p. 5) Churches and individuals are supporting more indigenous, national ministries, instead of more costly foreign missionaries (who have their own efficiencies).

40 A Changing Focus Changes in how we define and segment the Unreached

41 Changing Focus From one main list (Joshua Project) to a variety of perspectives Access to Gospel Joshua Project List (large UPGs) Joshua Project 2 List (all UPGs) Unimax Peoples Evangelical Percentages Viable Church Major Blocs

42 The Unfinished Task 28% without access to gospel 39.5% members of ethne without viable churches 4300 Least Evangelized ethnolinguistic groups 6721 Unreached Ethnic Peoples 13,000 Unreached Unimax Peoples

43 The Unfinished Task: Access Access – do they have access to the gospel? / do they have opportunity? While 72% of the world is adequately evangelized, 1,800,228,000 are left. David Barrett, Todd Johnson and Peter F. Crossing, “Status of Global Mission, 2005, in Context of 20th and 21st Centuries,” International Bulletin of Missionary Research, Jan. 2005, p. 29.

44 The Unfinished Task: Access This 28% of the world is an increase from 24% in 1980 but a decrease from 58% in 1900. Currently, about 87,000 are evangelized per day. (From the World Christian Encyclopedia, David Barrett, George Kurian, Todd Johnson, Eds. 2001, ISBN:0195079639, p. 2: 538.)

45 The Unfinished Task: Population without Churches 39.5% of the world’s individuals are members of ethne with no viable church Joshua Project 2

46 The Unfinished Task: Major Blocs Looking Forward: An Overview of World Evangelization, 2005-2025 A special report for the Lausanne 2004 Forum on World Evangelization Center for the Study of Global Christianity, Gordon-Conwell Theological SeminaryTodd M. Johnson, Peter F. Crossing, and Bobby Jangsun Ryu

47 The Unfinished Task: Ethnic Groups Total Peoples by Country (People Group counted for each country it is in. This is the list most often referred to as the peoples of the world.) 15,900

48 The Unfinished Task: Ethnic Groups Needing Outside Help Unreached / Least Reached: (Less than 2% True Christian and less than 5% Adherent) Joshua Project 2 6,721

49 The Unfinished Task: Churches A “unimax people” is “An alternate term for minipeople emphasizing the maximum size of people in which the gospel can spread before encountering barriers.” World Christian Database By mid-2005 there were 13,000 unreached unimax peoples—”having no viable church planting movement or viable, indigenous, evangelizing church.” Center for the Study of Global Christianity “All Humanity in Mission Perspective in mid-2005” © 2004

50 13,000+ Unreached Unimax Peoples 5500Muslim 3200Hindu 2000Tribal 1500Buddhist 300Chinese 200Jewish 100Nonreligious 200Other

51 Changing Realities Changes among the Unreached

52 Changing Realities: Bad News Majority of Christians still not aware of the challenge of the unreached Many that are aware feel it is not their responsibility Many church and mission leaders feel that missions to the unreached has been over-emphasized

53 Changing Realities: Bad News Average Christian gives 1.8% of their income 5% of christian giving goes to missions (15 billion) More is lost to embezzlement (16 billion) than is given to missions Of mission funds -- between 0.1% and 1.66% is focused on unreached

54 Changing Realities: Bad News 95% of Christian ministers focus on their own people Of the 5% who become missionaries 80- 90% focus on ethne which are majority Christian Only 2.5 – 4% of missionaries are focused on the 25 - 28% of the world who are unreached

55 Cross-cultural Missionaries per Million in Major Blocs Source: Todd M. Johnson & Mission Frontiers Magazine, June 2000

56 Changing Realities: GOOD News In the last 20 years: a 250 to 400% increase in number of missionaries focused on the unreached New reinforcements: –Comibam has 14% of their missionaries focused on the unreached –Singapore has an estimated 25% –Resources from the Harvest: former UPGs now reaching out – Mongolian, Bhojpuri, etc.

57 Changing Realities: GOOD News Increase of networks w/ UPG emphasis –Increase of Prayer Networks –Various UPG Networks in countries around the world: Phillippines, India, Argentina, Nigeria, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia, BAM – Regional and Bloc Networks: SE Asia, Africa – MANI, Comibam, CAC, NAP, APP, SEANet, Vision 5:9

58 Gospel Movements in Unreached Areas 1.Bhojpuri in India: 30,000 churches in 10 years 2.Henan, China: 1 million to 5 million in 1990’s 3.Masai in Africa: from 0% to 15% christian in 10 years 4.Sierra Leone – new CPM approach March 2005 – now 1 new church a day 5.Nepal, West Africa, Cambodia, North America, South America,

59 Unevangelized World is Shrinking Births +166 Evangelized -148 Deaths -25 Convert -36 Defect +31 Deaths -74 Deaths -35 Births +70 Evangelized +148 Convert +36 Defect -31 Unevangelized Evangelized Non-Christian Christian -7 +69 +40 Justin Long, Network for Strategic Missions

60 “An Overview of the World by Religious Adherents” from the Mission Frontiers June 2000 edition. Conversion rates: 1990-2000

61 Conversion as % of Growth, 2005: Independent Christians: 47% European Christians: 34% Pentecostal / Charismatic Christians: 23% All Christians: 10% Barrett, Int’l Bulletin of Miss. Research, Status of Global Mission, 1/04, 1/05 Michael Jaffarian, “The demographics of world religions entering the 21st century,” in Between past & future, J. Bonk ed. 2003, pp. 264-5.

62 Addressing the “domains” Arts, Media Business, Economics Education Government, Law Healthcare, Medicine Religion Science, Technology Sports

63 Will We Change? Our current patterns will not reach the unreached

64 If current patterns continue, the unreached will still be 23-28% of the world’s population in 2025 Will We Change?

65 Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results Albert Einstein Will We Change?

66 NOT what can we do BUT what must be done NOT ‘How can I reach these people with the gospel?’ BUT ‘What and Who is it going to take to reach these people?’

67 It is not OK to be selfish “for the sake of” your… people group city ministry organization We must act more like the Body of Christ and be more kingdom minded and servant hearted Will We Change?

68 We need a variety of approaches We need to avoid the “Garden of Eden” mindset that we can become “like God” and find and teach THE ONLY WAY to do missions among the unreached We need these various ministries to work more strategically and effectively together Will We Change?

69 The Resources are in the Harvest!!

70 The Resources are in the Harvest Matthew 28:18-20 teaches us to disciple the lost nations, baptize them and teach them to obey We need to strip off our culture as much as possible and plant the gospel Dependency is the primary killer of people movements The goal is indigenous churches – as the primary instrument of God’s presence and work in a community

71 Are we desperate? Are we desperate yet? Are we desperate enough? Are we willing to give up anything, completely change our life and ministry, sacrifice everything? Will We Change?

72 I pray that Christ Jesus and the church will forever bring praise to God. His power at work in us can do far more than we dare ask or imagine. Eph 3:20 Will We Allow God to Change Us?

73 "Look at the nations and watch-- and be utterly amazed. For I am going to do something in your days that you would not believe, even if you were told. Habakkuk 1:5

74 “I looked, and behold, a great number which no one could number – of all nations, tribes, peoples and tongues – standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands and crying out with a loud voice saying, ‘Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne and to the Lamb.’” Revelation 7:9-10

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