1absolute location relative location directions distortion The precise point where a place is located on Earth. Hint: Using longitude and latitude lines!absolute locationrelative locationdirectionsdistortion
9What does the title of a map show geographers? symbolsthe topicdirectionsdistortions
10the topicA map’s title gives us our first clue about its content or subject matter.
11Why do map makers use a compass rose? to make the map prettyto show directions on a mapto identify symbols on a mapTo create a globe
12To show directions on a map Cardinal directions are north, south, east and west.Intermediate directions are northwest, southwest, northeast and southeast.
13Mapmakers use a system of imaginary lines to divide up space on their maps. This system of lines is called:revolutionscreating a hemispherescalemap grid
14A map gridOne very useful type of grid is the system of latitude and longitude.This global grid allows you to locate any place on Earth.
15Imaginary lines on the global grid that run from east to west are called: lines of longitudelines of latitudeeast to west linesleft to right lines
16Lines of latitude Latitude lines are also called parallels. The equator is the most important parallel of latitude. It circles the Earth from east to west.The equator is 0 degrees latitude.
17Imaginary lines on the global grid that run from north to south are called: lines of longitudelines of latitudenorth to south linesup to down lines
18Lines of longitude Longitude lines are also called meridians. The most important longitude line is the prime meridian. It runs through Greenwich England.The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude.
19How do geographers measure distance on a map? using symbolsdividing the hemispheresusing the map scalecounting the streets between each location
20Using a map scale A map scale appears on most maps. The scale tells you how to read the distance on the map.For instance, an inch on a map might be equal to 10 miles on Earth.
21Geographers divide the Earth into halves. These halves are called: HemispheresQuartersspheres
22Hemispheres A hemisphere is half a World. The equator divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres; the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres.The prime meridian and the international date line divide the Earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres.
23What creates the seasons? rotationrevolutiontiltzones
24TiltEarth’s axis is tilted at an angle relative to the sun. Because of this tilt, the Northern and Southern hemispheres receive different amounts of sunlight as the Earth moves around the sun. These differences create the seasons.
25rotation revolution spinning axis Earth moves around the sun in a nearly circular path called the orbit. One round trip takes 365 1/4 days or one year. This round trip is called a:rotationrevolutionspinningaxis
26revolutionThe Earth moves around the sun in a path called the orbit. One round trip or 1 year is called a revolution.
27As the Earth revolves around the sun it spins on its axis As the Earth revolves around the sun it spins on its axis. The spinning motion is called:RevolutionRotationSpinningtopping
28Rotation The spinning motion of the Earth is called rotation. Earth makes one full rotation every 24 hours.As the Earth spins, it is daytime on the side that faces the sun. One the side facing away from the sun, it is night.
29All flat maps have distortions. This map projection is called: Mercator c. RobinsonGoode’s Homolosine d. Eckert
30Goode’s HomolosineGoode’s Homolosine uses a trick to help us see how the continents compare in size. It snips bits out of the oceans. This trick allows the continents to stretch without distorting their shapes. But it distorts the shape and size of the oceans.
31CongratulationsYou have completed chapter 1 review of main ideas and key vocabulary words.Nice work!!