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Chocolate History, How its Made, and Major Companies Student Created.

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Presentation on theme: "Chocolate History, How its Made, and Major Companies Student Created."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chocolate History, How its Made, and Major Companies Student Created

2 How To Make Chocolate

3 1. Roast Cocoa Beans 2. Crack and Winnow Beans (remove husks make into nibs) 3. Grind Into Cocoa Liqueur 4. Conch and Refine Chocolate

4 5. Temper Chocolate (makes it shiny) 6. Mold Chocolate into desired shape 7. Remove from Mold 8. Eat!!!!!

5 History of Chocolate

6 BC-Olmec Indians are first to grow cocoa beans. Mayan elite are only allowed to drink chocolate in a form of an unsweetened cocoa drink BC-Olmec Indians are first to grow cocoa beans. Mayan elite are only allowed to drink chocolate in a form of an unsweetened cocoa drink. 600 BC- Mayans establish earliest cocoa plantations in the Yucatan Peninsula. 600 BC- Mayans establish earliest cocoa plantations in the Yucatan Peninsula. 1500s- Columbus, Spain, and Portugal discovers cocoa beans from Mayans and decide to ass sugar and vanilla to make drink taste better. 1500s- Columbus, Spain, and Portugal discovers cocoa beans from Mayans and decide to ass sugar and vanilla to make drink taste better.

7 1674- Solid Chocolate is first introduced in form of rolls and cakes Solid Chocolate is first introduced in form of rolls and cakes Chocolate introduced to US by Irish chocolate maker John Hanan. He and Dr. James Baker opens Bakers Chocolate Chocolate introduced to US by Irish chocolate maker John Hanan. He and Dr. James Baker opens Bakers Chocolate. 1800s- Solid Chocolate bar is introduced, and Swiss Chocolate factory opens. 1800s- Solid Chocolate bar is introduced, and Swiss Chocolate factory opens First chocolate brownie recipe is introduced by Sears First chocolate brownie recipe is introduced by Sears Godiva opens Godiva opens

8 Where does Chocolate Come from? Many large companies (Hershey, Nestle, etc) buy their cocoa from foreign countries and then make the chocolate in their factories with their own recipes The cocoa mostly comes from areas in South America (Ecuador, Brazil, etc) and West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria, etc) The largest cocoa exporter is the Côte dIvoire which is located in West Africa and it exports 37.4% of the worlds cocoa

9 The Dark Side of Chocolate Chocolates association with Child Labor Since most of the chocolate is grown in the Côte dIvoire there is no regulations about child labor The use of child labor is extremely scorned by the major companies like Hershy, Mars, and Nestle, yet they continue to buy from the Côte dIvoire claiming that they cannot control the labor use of their supplier However smaller companies (Cliffbar, Cloud Nine, etc) have been active against this child labor by buying from other places than the Côte dIvoire; proving that it is possible to fight against child labor Organic chocolate is NOT grown in the Côte dIvoire, so if one buys organic chocolate than it most likely has not been involved with child labor Conditions of Chocolate Slavery Many of the children are beaten when they are working to make them behave or work faster Many are also emotionally scarred as well because it makes them become emotionally isolated from the effects of being considered a slave

10 Different Types of Chocolate 1.Cocoa 2.Unsweetened 3.Semisweet or Bittersweet 4.Sweet 5.Milk 6.White

11 Cocoa the raw product that comes from the cocoa bean once the fat and shell has been removed Unsweetened chocolate the cocoa bean is ground into a smooth state to create chocolate liquor

12 Semisweet or Bittersweet Chocolate chocolate liquor mixed with cocoa butter and sugar (35% or more chocolate liquor) Sweet Chocolate chocolate liquor mixed with sugar and cocoa butter (at least 15% chocolate liquor)

13 Milk Chocolate chocolate liquor mixed with sugar, cocoa butter, and some milk product (at least 10% chocolate liquor and 12% milk products) White Chocolate made from the same things as milk chocolate but without the chocolate cocoa products


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