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Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, 2008 1 EFIT-Pb Transient Analysis.

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Presentation on theme: "Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, 2008 1 EFIT-Pb Transient Analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb Transient Analysis M. Schikorr, E. Bubelis EUROTRANS: DM1 WP1.5 : Safety Bologna, Mai 2008

2 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Recent EFIT-Pb SA design modifications leading to revised Core and Primary System Pressure Drops (Genova-April, Karlsruhe-April meetings, new Ansaldo document-May). 2.SIM-ADS Transient Results for EFIT-Pb : a. ULOF results (BOC, EOC) b.DHRS mode operations c.PLOHS Topics:

3 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT Pressure Drops: Historical evolution 1.Initial Pressure drop estimates : P_core ~ 0.6 bar, P_prim. system ~ 1.0 bar, 2.1st Iteration based on experimental PDS-XADS SA-inlet and SA-outlet pressure drops(Genova Meeting April 08), Pressure drop estimates : P_core ~ 1.2 bar, P_prim. system ~ 1.80 bar, 3.Most current pressure drop estimates after SA redesign by ANSALDO: P_core ~ 0.75 bar, P_prim. system ~ 1.41 bar, this will lead to a w_nat ~ 0.31 during ULOF(ss)

4 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT Pressure Drops: as proposed by Ansaldo after SA redesign leading to lower SA inlet and outlet pressure drops.

5 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT Pressure Drops: as proposed to be used in Transient Calcs.

6 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: Avg and Peak Cladding and Fuel Temperatures at Nominal and ULOF-ss Plant Conditions for BOC and EOC based on new Pressure Drop data (1.42 bar)

7 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ1 Inner Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin BOL MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

8 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ2 Intermediate Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin BOL MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

9 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ3 Outer Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin BOL MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

10 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ1 Inner Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin EOC MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

11 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ2 Intermediate Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin EOC MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

12 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb: CZ3 Outer Zone Core averaged Avg. Pin EOC MgO-MOX fuel Static Calculations

13 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Grid spacer calculation for EFIT-Pb

14 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb ULOF Transient Cases Analysed using SIM-ADS Comparison to RELAP BOC calculations performed by ENEA and Ansaldo (ENEA: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori, ANSALDO: L. Mansini): 1a.ULOF:BOL, Avg Pin, Peak Pin 1b.ULOF:EOC, Avg Pin, Peak Pin

15 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, The EFIT Reactor Design: 4 EFIT is a pool-type reactor of about 400 MW power Sub-critical reactor (Keff = 0.97) sustained by a spallation neutron source (beam proton energy 800 MeV and beam current 20 mA) Reactor core with 3 U-free fuel zone with (Pu,MA)O2 in MgO matrix to improve the burning efficiency Pure melt lead as primary coolant (lower cost and less activation products such as Polonium than LBE) Core power is removed by forced circulation (4 pumps placed in the hot collector) through 8 steam generators with helical-coil tube bundle 4 DHR heat exchangers are immersed in the annular cold pool between the inner vessel and the reactor vessel Pump Core Target Reactor vessel Inner vessel heat exchanger EFIT Reactor Block Proton Beam Figure Source: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori (ENEA - Bologna)

16 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Figure Source: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori (ENEA - Bologna) The In-vessel Flow Paths during normal Heat Removal mode:

17 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, BOC, RELAP results May 2008 Source:(G. Bandini) 3 DHRS in operation, Power level remains at ~100% during transient Slide 1 What has changed since Madrid meeting: w_nat has decreased to ~ 30% from ~ 38% during ULOF(ss) due to revised prim. system pressure drops

18 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, BOC, RELAP results May 2008 Source:(G. Bandini) 3 DHRS in operation, Power level remains at ~100% during transient Slide 2

19 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, BOC, SIM-ADS results compared to RELAP May DHRS in operation, Power level remains at ~100% during transient Slide 1

20 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, BOC, SIM-ADS results compared to RELAP 3 DHRS in operation, Power level remains at ~100% during transient Slide 2

21 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, BOC, SIM-ADS results 3 DHRS in operation, Power level remains at ~100% during transient Slide 3 1.Acceptable agreement between SIM-ADS and RELAP by assuming P_core ~ 100% during ULOF transient, and by making appropriate assumptions as regards inertial masses in the various primary system flow path volumes are made 2.Max clad temperatures of peak pin ~ 850 °C 18 seconds into ULOF due to flow undershoot down to ~ 10%, 3.For BOC conditions, minimum pin clad failure time > 30 minutes (acceptable !) 4.Need reactivity coefficients for EFIT-Pb to assess more realistic power response during ULOF transient Conclusions:

22 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb Reactivity Coefficient Data: Source : G.Glinatsis, EFIT-MgO/Pb Core Design Reactivity Coefficients Genova, April Meeting 2008 Coolant density Effect: 1% dens whole Active Core zones: (DK/K )/ 1% dens = Fuel Temperature Effect: T nom_fuel/zone 1800 K, BoL: Keff = ;( ) BoC: Keff = ;( ) EoC: Keff = ;( ). This translates to: Coolant temp. coeff ~ pcm/°C Fuel temp. coeff ~ pcm/°C, or A_dopp ~ - 20 pcm Please somebody else verify above data calculations in term of [pcm/°C] !

23 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, EOC, SIM-ADS calcs. compared to RELAP May 2008 (BOC), 3 DHRS in operation, realistic reactivity coefficients, power level >100% Slide 1

24 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, EOC, SIM-ADS calcs. compared to RELAP 3 DHRS in operation, realistic reactivity coefficients, power level >100% Slide 2 ULOF Conclusions: 1.Power level > 100% during above ULOF transient due to ~ 0 Doppler coefficient and positive coolant coef. 2.Peak Fuel temperatures always remain < 1500 °C (not explicitly shown in above transparencies, thus no concern as regards possible MgO-MOX fuel evaporation expected ) 3.Max clad temperatures of peak pin ~ 870 °C 18 seconds into transient,

25 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb : ULOF, EOC, SIM-ADS calcs. compared to RELAP 3 DHRS in operation, realistic reactivity coefficients, power level >100% Slide 3 ULOF Conclusions cont: 4.For EOC conditions, minimum pin clad failure time ~ 80 sec because of flow undershoot down ~ 10% flow (acceptable ?????). Could expect peak pin clad leakages during this transient. Note: assumed 100% fission gas release in above calculations (very conservative !!, more realistic is probably ~ 70-80%)

26 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, EFIT-Pb PLOH Transient using SIM-ADS Comparison to RELAP BOC calculations performed by ENEA and Ansaldo (ENEA: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori, ANSALDO: L. Mansini): DHRS operational mode (such as PLOHS): BOL Sequence of events: 1.Total Loss of primary heat sink (loss of all MHX) 2.Source shutdown; decay heat as heat source 3.3 out of 4 DHRS systems function as heat sink

27 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, The Decay Heat Removal (DHR) System of EFIT-Pb The DHR system is conceived for inherently safe decay heat removal and passive mode actuation 4 independent loops partially filled with organic oil, that dissipate the decay heat to the atmosphere by natural convection circulation Each loop consists of a dip cooler immersed in the cold pool where the oil partially vaporize and an air-vapor condenser with stack chimney and interconnecting piping Oil boiling point is determined by superimposed pressure of an inert gas In normal operation the oil is below its boiling point and the DHR removes only heat losses from SGs and inner vessel (few 100 kW) to keep cold the upper part of the reactor vessel Condensed Oil Boiling Oil Cooling air Chimney Air Vapour Condenser Nitrogen Header Oil Vapour Separator Condensed Oil Drum EFIT Reactor Safety-Related DHR Loop DHR Dip Cooler Inner vessel Reactor vessel Figure Source: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori (ENEA - Bologna)

28 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Figure Source: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori (ENEA - Bologna) The In-vessel Flow Paths during the Decay Heat Removal mode:

29 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, DHRS Mode Issues: 1.How long does it take until the complicated natural convection flow pattern in EFIT-Pb is established ? 2.ENEA / ANSALDO have performed SIMMER III and RELAP calculations trying to obtain a first estimate of the time it will take until heat removal via natural circulation through the DHRS dip coolers is established. See presentation by G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori, Assessment of Decay Heat Removal by Natural Circulation in the EFIT Reactor during THIRS meeting in Karlsruhe April RELAP needed some modifications in pressure drop coefficients to simulate the time delay effect. SIM-ADS needs similar adjustments.

30 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Core and DHR Mass Flow Rate Core Decay and DHR Power Core Decay Heat Removal in Natural Circulation RELAP and SIMMER III Code Result Comparison to PLOHS Both codes (SIMMER and RELAP) predict efficient removal of decay power after about 2000 s Mass flow rates through the core and DHR well compare in the medium term Code results differ in the initial transient owing to the different modeling Figure Source: G. Bandini, P. Meloni, M. Polidori (ENEA - Bologna)

31 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Core Decay Heat Removal in Natural Circulation SIM-ADS, RELAP and SIMMER III Code Result Comparison to PLOHS 1.w_nat ~ 9% during DHRS mode 2.~ 2000 sec full nat. convection flow established 1.SIM-ADS predicts overshoot in heat removal of DHRS HX compared to RELAP and SIMMER 2.~ 4000 sec removal of heat in balance with decay heat 3.What limits heat removal in DHRS HX to ~ 20 MW ???

32 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Conclusion: To continue and fianlize our EFIT-PB transient anlysis: 1.We need to decide if the thermal inertia of the nominal heat flow path as encountered during ULOF transient (i.e natural convection response after primary pump shutdown) with a flow undershoot down to ~ 10% nominal flow (or even less) shall be accepted as reference and then be used during all the transients with similiar primary system plant response. 2.We need to decide if the thermal inertia of the DHRS heat flow paths as encountered during a PLOH or ULOH as predicted by SIMMER III (and adjusted to in RELAP and in SIM-ADS) shall be accepted as the reference response of the primary system (i.e., it takes about 2000 sec until full DHRS nat. convection flow is establihed). 3.The response of the DHRS and MHX heat exchanger to various transients needs to be checked by the various codes as SIM-ADS predicts an overshoot in the DHRS HX heat removal during the PLOHS transient. 4.Definition of the secondary side conditions of the DHRS HX : T_inlet = 392 °C ?? T_inlet = 404 °C ??, T_sat = ???, what are pressure conditions P= 11.5 bar ???, consistency with oil property tables ??, what tables ??

33 Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt IRS /FzK W.M.SchikorrEUROTRANS WP1.5 Safety Meeting : Bologna, May 28-29, Core and DHR Mass Flow Rate Core Decay and DHR Power PHLOS Transient: RELAP5 Results (1) Reactor trip is calculated by RELAP5 at 46 s After some initial oscillations (free level movements) core and DHR mass flow rates becomes stable and the DHR attains maximum performance (20 MW for 3 loops in operation) after about 700 s Reactor trip THIRS Workshop, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany, April 14-16, 2008


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