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Jürgen Sühnel Supplementary Material: - 2013 - 3D Structures of Biological Macromolecules.

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Presentation on theme: "Jürgen Sühnel Supplementary Material: - 2013 - 3D Structures of Biological Macromolecules."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jürgen Sühnel Supplementary Material: D Structures of Biological Macromolecules Floating Point Operations and Benchmarking of Computer Performance Leibniz Institute for Age Research, Fritz Lipmann Institute, Jena Centre for Bioinformatics Jena / Germany

2 Floating Point Operation - A Floating Point Operation is a mathematical operation with floating point numbers. - Floating point number: = x significant digits x base exponent - They cover easily extremely large number ranges between astronomy and particle physics. - A Floating Point Unit is a part of a computer system specifically designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers. - FLOPS is in computing to a measure of computer performance - -floating point operations per second (note plural and per second).

3 Floating Point Operation NameFLOPS yottayottaFLOPS10 24 zettazettaFLOPS10 21 exaexaFLOPS10 18 petapetaFLOPS10 15 terateraFLOPS10 12 gigagigaFLOPS10 9 megamegaFLOPS10 6 kilokiloFLOPS10 3

4 Floating Point Operation – Theoretical Peak Performance GFLOPS = (CPU-Takt in GHz) × (Anzahl der CPU-Kerne) × (CPU-Instruktionen pro Takt) × (Anzahl der CPU im Rechnerknoten) Beispiel:Zwei Sockel-Server mit 8 Kernen und einer Taktfrequenz von 2.6 GHz und 8 Instruktionen per Zyklus (z.B. Intel E Reihe) GFLOPS = 2.6 x 8 x 8 x 2 = GFLOPS Adjusted Peak Performance is significantly lower.

5 Benchmarking LINPACK – software library for performing numerical linear algebra on computers, is now widely used for measuring computer performance Linpack Benchmark - Java Version´- ( The problem solved is a dense 500x500 system of linear equations with one right hand side, Ax=b. The matrix is generated randomly and the right hand side is constructed so the solution has all components equal to one. 800 – 1100 Mflops/s

6 TOP500 List Measured in Pflops.

7 TOP500 List

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