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Visualization of Hans Kelsens Pure Theory of Law Vytautas ČYRAS Vilnius University Vilnius, Lithuania Friedrich LACHMAYER University.

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Presentation on theme: "Visualization of Hans Kelsens Pure Theory of Law Vytautas ČYRAS Vilnius University Vilnius, Lithuania Friedrich LACHMAYER University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Visualization of Hans Kelsens Pure Theory of Law Vytautas ČYRAS Vilnius University Vilnius, Lithuania Friedrich LACHMAYER University of Innsbruck Innsbruck, Austria FCASL Workshop The Fundamental Concepts and the Systematization of Law In conjunction with JURIX 2011, Vienna 14 December 2011 Guido TSUNO Chuo University Tokyo, Japan

2 INTRODUCTION Is (Sein) – Ought (Sollen) (leagal meaning, Sinn, rechtliche Bedeutung) 2

3 Language of the Pure Theory of Law 3 Modus Sein (is) Sollen (ought) Sinn (meaning)

4 Metalevel Pure Theory of Law 4 Is (Sein) A speach, a paper Stage

5 Metalevel Pure Theory of Law Rules 5 Meaning (Sinn) A law, a legal decision Ought (Sollen) = legal meaning (rechtliche Bedeutung) Is (Sein) A speach, a paper Stage

6 1. INTERPRETATION OF FACTUAL REALITY 6

7 Factual situation 7 Situation, Facts

8 Interpretation: Legal facts 8 Situation, Facts Meaning (Sinn) Interpretation

9 Scheme of legal interpretation 9 Situation, Facts Meaning (Sinn) Scheme of interpretation Interpretation

10 Norm 10 Situation, Facts Meaning (Sinn) Scheme of interpretation Interpretation Norm Reaction

11 Norm as a scheme of legal interpretation 11 Situation, Facts Meaning (Sinn) Scheme of interpretation Interpretation Norm Reaction

12 2. INTERPRETATION OF LEGAL TEXTS 12

13 Legal text 13 Norm Legal text

14 14 Norm Terms Legal text

15 Interpretation of the content 15 Norm Terms Legal text Interpretation of the content

16 Modal indifferent substratum 16 Terms Norm Terms Legal text Interpretation of the content Modal indifferent substratum

17 17 Terms Norm Terms Legal text System of terms: thesaurus, taxonomies, ontologies Interpretation of the content Modal indifferent substratum

18 3. INTERPRETATION OF LEGAL ACTS 18

19 19 Normativ text

20 20 Meaning: valid legal act interpretation Interpretation

21 Hypothesis 21 Meaning: valid legal act interpretation Interpretation

22 Hypothesis 22 Meaning: valid legal act interpretation Interpretation Concept of basic norm

23 Hypothesis 23 Meaning: valid legal act interpretation Interpretation Concept of basic norm

24 4. DOUBLE-NORM 24

25 Hypothetical norm 25 ReactionCondition if then

26 Categorical norm 26 To Do

27 Another concept (Luhmann) 27 FinalityReactionCondition

28 5. HIERARCHY OF NORMS 28

29 29 Constitution LawStatuteDecision Law of state

30 European Union law 30 Constitution LawStatuteDecisionEU secondary lawEU primary law

31 International law 31 Constitution LawStatuteDecisionEU secondary lawEU primary law International law

32 Private treaty 32 Constitution LawStatuteDecision Private treaty EU secondary lawEU primary law International law

33 Basic norm 33 Constitution LawStatuteDecision Private treaty EU secondary lawEU primary law International law Basic norm

34 6. NORM-MONISM 34

35 Legal order = norms 35 The legal order consists only of norms Norm

36 Definition norm 36 Legal definitions are only part of norms Norm Definition

37 other legal elements 37 Another concept: there are other legal elements, too. E.g., indicative legal definitions Legal norm Indicative legal elements

38 Logical Jurisprudence by Hajime Yoshino 38 Legal Order Legal normsLegal sentences

39 Legal Lexica 39 Legal Order Legal normsDefinitions Project by Guido Tsuno

40 7. PURIFICATION 40 Deconstruction of traditional legal theory

41 Person 41 Traditional concepts of Personality = Substance Person

42 42 Person PTL: person as a quantity of rights and duties Person Traditional concepts of Personality = Substance

43 Person 43 Person PTL: person as a quantity of rights and duties

44 Apotheosis 44 PTL deconstruction of traditional legal theories but on the contrary: apotheosis of the own concept Pure Theory

45 Thank you for attention 45


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