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Department of Education Research Prof. Dr. Solvejg Jobst Hierarchy of cultures and educational researchConference Educational Change in the Global Context.

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Presentation on theme: "Department of Education Research Prof. Dr. Solvejg Jobst Hierarchy of cultures and educational researchConference Educational Change in the Global Context."— Presentation transcript:

1 Department of Education Research Prof. Dr. Solvejg Jobst Hierarchy of cultures and educational researchConference Educational Change in the Global Context Social Justice and Choice in Education Praha Department of Sociology Prof. Dr. Jan Skrobanek University of Zürich

2 Content 1. Theoretical assumptions: The Production of Scientific Knowledge 2. Empirical Studie: Immigration and Inequality – Field-Specific Constructions 3. Conclusion: Contextualisation of the Types of Discourse and Concluding Observations 2 Hierarchy of cultures and educational research

3 1. Theoretical assumptions: The Production of Scientific Knowledge 3 Karl Mannheim (1928): Jedes Denken ist eingebettet und getragen von Macht und Geltungstrieb bestimmter Gruppen, die ihre Weltanschauung zur öffentlichen Weltauslegung machen wollen. Pierre Bourdieu/Loïc Waquant (Reflexive Anthropology): structural relation between researcher and object of research internal struggles in the scientific field

4 Structural Imbalance between Researcher and Object of Research 4 economic capital + cultural symbolic capital - economic capital - cultural symbolic capital + immigrants who suffer inequality researcher (institutionally secured) symbolic capital = cultural, economic or social capital with general recognition (e.g. Euro, university qualification, the elaborate use of the Standard language)

5 5 Structural Imbalance between Researcher and Object of Research.... is embedded in a objective imbalanced relation between the researcher and the research object.... is taking part in constructing a hierarchy of cultures – ascribing the characteristics symbolic or non-symbolic capital. assumptions: The production of scientific knowledge...

6 6.... not a homogeneous process but conflicts of power exist internal to the field: Who is authorised to speak the truth about the social world? assumption:.... the power relations and power conflicts within the field lead to different approaches of ascribing the characteristics symbolic and non-symbolic. Internal struggles in the scientific field

7 Main Questions of the Empirical Study based on Bourdieu/Wacquant : 7 How does the research on immigration and inequality deal with the relation between symbolic and non- symbolic cultural capital ? (reproduction of the hierarchy of cultures) types of discourse dimensions of the construction

8 2. Empirical Studie: Immigration and Inequality – Field-Specific Constructions Data: 4 A+/A ranked journals in Germany (Vienna University of Economics and Business) Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie (KZfSS)/ Zeitschrift für Soziologie (ZfS)/Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft (ZfE)/Zeitschrift für Pädagogik (ZfP) Time span: 2000 – 2007 Search frame : headlines: migration or immigrants; ethicisation or ethnic; migration and inequality;immigrants and inequality; ethicisation and inequality; ethnic and inequality Ntotal = 19; Sociology. = 11, Educational Science = 8 Level of analysis of the texts: a) Issue addressed, b) Theoretical assumptions, c) Method/Results d) Conclusion Method

9 Types of discourse 9 Type of discourse Dimensions system-centricrelativisticpatchwork

10 10 Dimensions Type of discourse system-centricrelativisticpatchwork Validity of symbolic capital yes (ks01a-518).doc Perspective of exchange no (ks03a-716).doc Recognition of unequal distribution of symbolic capital no (ks02a-662).doc Claim to control over the symbolic value of capital yes Preservation of the stability of the modes of ascribing status yes Types of discourse

11 11 Dimensions Type of discourse system-centricrelativisticpatchwork Validity of symbolic capitalyes no (ks05a-709).doc Perspective of exchangeno yes (zs02a-25).doc Recognition of unequal distribution of symbolic capital no yes (ze01b-513).doc Claim to control over the symbolic value of capital yesno Preservation of the stability of the modes of ascribing status yesno Types of discourse

12 12 Dimensions Type of discourse system-centricrelativisticpatchwork Validity of symbolic capitalyesnoyes Perspective of exchangenoyesno Recognition of unequal distribution of symbolic capital noyes (zp ff).doc Claim to control over the symbolic value of capital yesno Preservation of the stability of the modes of ascribing status yesnoyes Types of discourse

13 Types of relation 13 Type of discourse Dimensions system-centric relativistic patchwork Tendency towards Zero-sum conflict (One sides gain is the other sides loss, and conversely) Win-win situation (Cap one sides gain is also a gain for the other side) Knowledge of recognition asymmetry Demarcation between holders of capital Holders of capital can claim reciprocal rights of control. Acceptance and accommodation with the recognized asymmetry Keep Order Change Order Accept Order

14 Distribution of types of discourse

15 Typ A (system-centric) Typ B (relativistic) Typ C (patchwork) Distribution of types of discourse

16 tendency to reproduce the relations of domination and subordination between different forms of cultural capital Conclusion: Hierarchies of cultures and educational research * reproduction of the hierarchy of cultures * Problematic! legitimation of the existing power relations integration as assimilation correspondence to one–sided policy strategies counter-tendency: value of capital is open to more than one interpretation

17 Solvejg Jobst Professur für Internationale und Interkulturelle Bildungsforschung Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg Zschokkestraße 32 D Magdeburg Telefon:+49-(0) Telefax:+49-(0) Thank you for your attention and feel free to contact us! Jan Skrobanek Assistenzprofessur für Jugendforschung Universität Zürich Soziologisches Institut Andreasstrasse 15 CH-8050 Zürich Telefon: Telefax:


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