2Image courtesy of Wikipedia: http://upload. wikimedia
3Background KnowledgeThe Han Dynasty lasted over 400 years from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D.Considered 2nd great Chinese Imperial DynastyEstablished by Liu Bang
4Background KnowledgeHistorians separate Han dynasty into two sections:Western Han: (206 BC-AD 25) Period before Wang Mang’s interruption, capital moved to Ch’ang-an in western ChinaEastern Han: (AD ) Period after Wang Mang’s interruption, capital moved to Lo-yang in eastern ChinaBan Chao ( AD) took control during the period of the Eastern Han
5Leaders Liu Bang, Han Gaozu, ruled 202-195 BCE Liu Ying, Han Huidi, r BCELiu Gong, Han Shaodi, r BCELiu Hong, Han Shaodi (Hong), r BCELiu Heng, Han Wendi, r BCELiu Qi, Han Jingdi, r BCELiu Che, Han Wudi, r BCELiu Fuling, Han Zhaodi, r BCELiu He, The Prince of Changyi, r. 74 BCELiu Bingyi, Han Xuandi, r BCELiu Shi, Han Yuandi, r BCELiu Ao, Han Chengdi, r BCELiu Xin, Han Aidi, r. 7-1 BCELiu Kan, Han Pingdi, r. 1-6 CELiu Ying, Han Ruzi, r. 6-9 CEXin Dynasty Interregnum, 9-23 CELiu Xuan, Geng Shidi, r CEEastern Han DynastyLiu Xiu, Guang Wudi, r CELiu Zhuang, Han Mingdi, r CELiu Da, Han Zhangdi, r CELiu Zhao, Han Hedi, r CELiu Long, Han Shangdi, r. 106 CELiu Hu, Han Andi, r CELiu Yi, Shaodi, the Marquess of Beixiang, r. 125 CELiu Bao, Han Shundi, r CELiu Bing, Han Chongdi, r CELiu Zuan, Han Zhidi, r CELiu Zhi, Han Huandi, r CELiu Hong, Han Lingdi, r CELiu Bian, Shaodi, the Prince of Hongnong, r. 189 CELiu Xis, Han Xiandi, r CE
6The Han DynastyThe Chinese invented many new products during the Han dynasty, such as the waterwheel, the rudder, drill bits, steel, and paperHan China boasted magnificent palaces, and multistoried towers.Chinese doctors began practicing acupuncture, the practice of easing pain by sticking needles into patients’ skin.
8Han Achievements Artisans and Artists Artisans produced ceramic, bronze figurines, jade carvings, and silk clothArtists painted portraits and nature scenes on walls, scrolls, and room screensDuring Later Han, Buddhist art flourished, including many temple wall paintings
9Han Achievements Literature Han literature known for poetry, new styles of verseFu style, combined prose and poetry to make long works of literatureShi featured short lines of verse, could be sung
10Agriculture under the Han Farming thought to be a significant and honored occupationBut in reality, small farmers were troubled by government taxes and became greatly indebted to the richImage courtesy of Wikipedia.Ancient Chinese wheelbarrow
11Like the earlier Han dynasties, though, the wealthy stopped paying taxes, the economy declined, the peasants revolted, and the Han Dynasty fell in 220 A.D.Floods damaged irrigation systems.Extensive famine resulted to further revolts in the south.
12What were some technological advances of the Han dynasty? SummarizeWhat were some technological advances of the Han dynasty?
13AnswerAnswer(s): paper, iron plow, wheelbarrow, acupuncture, compass, sundial, water mill, rudder