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Reciprocal verbs The past conditional The verbs manquer and plaire.

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1 Reciprocal verbs The past conditional The verbs manquer and plaire

2 In French, the pronouns nous, vous and se may be used to make a verb reciprocal (verbe réciproque). They mean (to/for/at) each other when added before a verb. Nous nous aimons.We love each other. Ils se sont rencontrés.They met each other.

3 In the passé composé, use être as the helping verb when you make a verb reciprocal. Make the past participle agree if the reciprocal pronoun (nous, vous or se) is the direct object of the verb. Nous avons vu Paul hier. Nous nous sommes vus hier. Elles ont revu Paul au musée. Elles se sont revues au musée.

4 Do not make the past participle agree with the reciprocal pronoun if it is the indirect object of the verb, that means if it answers the question à qui? Some verbs that take an indirect object are: conseiller, demander, dire, écrire, offrir, parler, plaire and téléphoner. Jai parlé à Pauline. Nous nous sommes parlé.

5 Use the past conditional to state the result in a hypothetical situation. Use the plus-que- parfait in the si clause, and the past conditional in the other clause. Sil avait su la réponse, il aurait réussi son examen. To form the past conditional, use the conditional of the helping verb (avoir or être) and add the past participle of the main verb. Si nous avions vu les Renaud, nous leur aurions parlé. Ils se seraient réconciliés sils sétaient parlé.

6 The past conditional is used by itself to state an event that could have taken place in the past, but did not. Tu aurais pu maider! You could have helped me!

7 Manquer is an irregular –er verb. When used with a direct object, manquer means to miss something Il a manqué le bus.He missed the bus. When used with an indirect object, manquer à + a person or thing means to miss someone or something. Ma soeur leur manque. (Ma soeur manque à mes parents) They (my parents) miss my sister.

8 The verb plaire à means to like. The past participle is plu. Le cours de français plaît à moi mais les maths ne plaisent pas du tout à moi. (I like French class, but I dont like math.) As a reflexive verb, se plaire means to enjoy oneself at a place or event. Je me suis beaucoup plu en Tunisie cet été. As a reciprocal verb se plaire means to like each other. Farid et Malika se sont plu tout de suite.


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