Presentation on theme: "Green Paper Towards a Common Strategic Framework for EU Research and Innovation Funding & Specific focus on EU financial instruments Jean-David MALO DG."— Presentation transcript:
Green Paper Towards a Common Strategic Framework for EU Research and Innovation Funding & Specific focus on EU financial instruments Jean-David MALO DG Research and Innovation – Head of Unit C-03 Financial Engineering Sophia Café – Sophia-Antipolis, France, Monday 8 March 2011
What is the Green Paper? Proposing major changes to future EU research and innovation funding – Bringing together the FP, CIP and EIT into a Common Strategic Framework – Standardising the rules – Simplification (single entry points, common IT platforms, etc) For the next EU Budget (to start in 2014) Seeking stakeholder views ahead of the Commissions formal proposals (to be presented by end 2011) – On the proposed changes – On the priorities and design of the Common Strategic Framework
The context: Europe 2020 strategy Objectives of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth Headline targets, including 3% of GDP invested in R&D Includes the Innovation Union Flagship initiative – A strategic and integrated approach to research and innovation (from research to market, all forms of innovation) – Putting in place the key conditions to make Europe attractive for research and innovation – Common focus to address major societal challenges and aiming at competitiveness and jobs Endorsed by February European Council (Heads of State)
Innovation gap with US and Japan, emerging countries catching up EU Percentage gaps between EU performance (0) and other countries across 12 indicators. Other counties, such as India and Brazil, are developing fast. Source: Innovation Union Scoreboard
EU R&D investment is lagging behind our main competitors Evolution of World R&D expenditure in real terms, PPS at 2000 prices and exchange rates,
The rationale for a Common Strategic Framework
Positive benefits from FP7 (interim evaluation and other sources) Enables cross-border pooling of resources to achieve critical mass and diffusion of knowledge Promotes competition in research, thereby raising levels of excellence Offers a wide range of training possibilities and enhances Europes research capacity Provides a way to deal with pan-European policy challenges and link to EU market frameworks Raises the international attractiveness of EU research and innovation
But concerns about FP7 and other programmes (interim evaluations and other sources) Complexity - too many instruments and funding mechanisms, complex landscape Further simplification- less variation in rules, simpler audits and controls, avoid duplicate information Better strategy for innovation – how to commercialise results, generate impacts Need to focus resources – with critical mass to address the grand challenges Broaden participation – new Member States, women Clearer agendas - driven by scientific, industrial, social objectives
Scope of the Common Strategic Framework Bringing together The 7 th Framework Programme for research, technology development and demonstration The Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme The European Institute for Innovation and Technology And strengthening complementarities with the Structural Funds
Why a Common Strategic Framework (1)? Simplifying the programmes: FROM different rules in each programme and initiative TO more standardised rules across all initiatives FROM a large number of funding schemes within and between programmes TO a rationalised toolkit of schemes that are common to all programmes FROM multiple websites, guidance documents, applications TO common entry points, one stop shops, common IT platforms
Why a Common Strategic Framework (2)? Greater impact: FROM fragmented calls where projects cannot go from one stage to the next (R&D, demonstration, market take up, etc) TO support for projects and organisations from research to market FROM research results sitting on the shelf TO stronger support across the whole innovation cycle FROM different priorities in each programme and initiative TO common strategic priorities, focusing on societal challenges, competitiveness and research excellence.
Summary of questions in the Green Paper
Delivering on Europe 2020 How can a Common Strategic Framework make EU funding more attractive and easy to access? How to cover the full innovation cycle: research to market? Where to act at EU level (and leverage other resources)? How to support joint programming between Member States? What between large vs small projects? What balance between standardisation vs flexibility in the rules? What measures of success? How to complement national, regional and Cohesion Policy funding?
Tackling societal challenges How to focus on societal challenges? What scope for bottom up activities? What support for policy making and forward- looking activities? Role of the Joint Research Centre? How to involve citizens?
Strengthening competitiveness How to take account of non-technological innovation? How to strengthen industry participation, including public private partnerships? What support for SMEs? Use of open schemes to support innovation? Use of financial instruments (equity, debt)? New types of support (public procurement, prizes)? Treatment of Intellectual Property Rights?
Strengthening the science base and the European Research Area Stronger role for the European Research Council? EU support to improve Member State policies? Greater support to mobility and research careers (Marie Curie actions)? EU level support to research infrastructures? Priorities for international cooperation? Addressing obstacles to the European Research Area?
A broad debate – next steps Addressed to all stakeholders: – Key questions for design of the Common Strategic Framework Deadline for contributions by 20 May 2011: – Online questionnaire – Submission of position papers – Interactive blog Next steps: – Major event to conclude consultation (10 June 2011) – Commission proposals for next multi-annual financial framework – Commission legislative proposals for the Common Strategic Framework (by end of 2011)
European financial instruments for Research and Innovation: Post-2013 priorities and added value of future EU financial instruments
Future EU financial instruments for Research and Innovation Trend at European level to make increasingly use of financial instruments for the next budgetary period (Multiannual Financial Framework, MFF) Advantages of EU financial instruments: Limited budget resources could be used (co-financing; risk-sharing or guarantees to mobilise private funding (« leverage effect ») Unless risks/ losses exceed expectations, EU budget resources could be recycled and reused for further projects (revolving funds) Flexibility to better meet the funding needs of target groups/ beneficiaries and address funding gaps in the market (rational for intervention) European Commission is currently discussing the future political priority areas where European financial instruments could be of added value Future EU financial instruments and their governance (guiding principles: streamlining, coherence, critical mass, mobilisation of private capital, delegation to Financial Intermediaries) need to be determined
Future EU financial instruments for Research and Innovation Financial instruments as currently discussed mean: EU financial support measures from the EU budget in order to address a specific policy objective by way of loans, equity/ quasi-equity, guarantees or other risk-bearing instruments, possible combined with grants Future EU financial instruments should ideally address more than one policy area (cross-flagship approach), for instance Research and Innovation, and they should support particular EU policy objectives such as the SET PLAN (low carbon technologies) and the Digital Agenda (ICT/ Broadband investments) For Research and Innovation, a first outline of possible future financial instruments has been made in the Europe 2020 Flagship Initiative Innovation Union Communication of the EC (6 October 2010)
Risk Capital 1 CIP Resources (SME) 2 RSFF (SME / MidCap) Entrepreneur, friends, family Business Angels Seed/Early Stage VC Funds Formal VC Funds Bank Loans and Guarantees Seed / Start-Up PhaseEmerging Growth PhaseDevelopment Phase Facility: High Growth Innovative SME Scheme (GIF), Ecotech Purpose: IP financing, technology transfer, seed financing, investment readiness Target Group: VC Funds, Business Angels EIF Product: Fund-of-Funds CIP Guarantee schemes Growth financing for SMEs Formal VC Funds, CLOs SME guarantees (loans, microcredit, equity/mezzanine, securitisation FP7 RSFF RDI financing SMEs/MidCaps, Banks, PE Investors (sub-investment grade) Loans (incl. Mezzanine), Funded Risk Sharing Facilities with Banks (Investors) Investment Loans FP7 RSFF RDI financing MidCaps/Large Corporates/Public Sector Entities (investment grade) Loans, Guarantees Later Stage Counterparts 34 EIF EIB Current EU financial instruments for RDI
Future EU financial instruments for Research and Innovation Market/ funding gaps which could/ should be addressed through EU financial instruments for R&I are: Investment in knowledge transfer and start ups Venture capital for fast growing firms expanding on EU and global markets Risk-sharing finance for investments in R&D and innovation projects and loans for innovative fast growing SMEs and mid-caps Next steps: Consensus on an integrated approach within the Commission, involvement of EU Member States (and EP), consultation of stakeholders
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