Presentation on theme: "Negating Sentences Unit 1: Lesson 8. 2 words In French, it takes 2 words to negate a sentence. There are different forms of negation in French, just like."— Presentation transcript:
Negating Sentences Unit 1: Lesson 8
2 words In French, it takes 2 words to negate a sentence. There are different forms of negation in French, just like there are in English: not, not yet, not only, nothing but, neither-nor, no one, nothing, absolutely nothing, no longer, no more, nowhere, etc. No matter which negation you use, you will always need 2 words to negate a sentence.
ne (n) ne is one of the two words necessary to negate any sentence and is the ONLY word that is found in ALL forms of negation. ne is located at the beginning of a sentence, immediately following the SUBJECT of a sentence and its purpose is to issue a warning that the sentence will be negative – and it is up to the reader to look ahead in the sentence to (a) find the second half of the negation and (b) determine how the sentence is negated (using not, neither-nor, no one, etc).
pas pas is the most common negation of a sentence and simply means not. pas can be used as an expression: pas maintenant – not now pas mal – not bad(ly) …or can be used with ne to negate a sentence. In a sentence negation, pas is placed directly after the negated verb.
Parts of Speech A SUBJECT is a noun which is found at the beginning of a sentence, about which the sentence is written. A NOUN is a person, place, thing, or idea. A VERB is what happens to the subject or what the subject does – it is the action of the sentence; but a verb does not have to be an action verb; it can be a being verb – being verbs describe the state of being: is, are, etc.
ne…pas / n…pas In the sentence: Cest un poisson, the subject is ce and the verb is est. To NEGATE this sentence, therefore, the ne will be placed immediately after the subject (ce) and the pas will be placed immediately after the verb (est). The negated sentence will therefore become: Ce nest pas un poisson
ne…pas – examples It is not a mouse.It is not a duck. Ce nest pas une souris.Ce nest pas un canard. Those are not cats.Those are not geese. Ce ne sont pas des chats. Ce ne sont pas des oies. The mouse is not gray.The duck is not white. La souris nest pas gris.Le canard nest pas blanc. The mice are not gray.The ducks are not white. Les souris ne sont pas grises. Les canards ne sont pas blancs.
Now you try Can you change the following sentences to the negative? 1.Cest une souris.5. La vache est noire. 2.Ce sont des oiseaux.6. Le renard est rouge. 3.Ce sont des vaches.7. Les ours sont bruns. 4.Cest un renard.8. Les oies sont grises.
How did you do? Do your sentences look like these? If they do, you are negating your sentences correctly. 1.Ce nest pas une souris. 2.Ce ne sont pas des oiseaux. 3.Ce ne sont pas des vaches. 4.Ce nest pas un renard. 5.La vache nest pas noire. 6.Le renard nest pas rouge. 7.Les ours ne sont pas bruns. 8.Les oies ne sont pas grises.
ne…ni…ni… ni has two meanings in French: neither & nor Whereas pas is placed immediately after the verb which is being negated, ni is placed immediately before whatever word is being identified as being missing or lacking To negate a sentence using neither-nor in French, just like with not, the ne must be placed immediately after the Subject of the sentence.
ne…ni…ni… – Examples The mouse is neither gray nor white. La souris nest ni grise ni blanche. That is neither a cat nor a dog. Ce nest ni un chat ni un chien. Those are neither sheep nor foxes. Ce ne sont ni des moutons ni des renards. The bears are neither brown nor black. Les ours ne sont ni bruns ni noirs.