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Interaction Chapitre 1 – Structures I. Some basics…. French verbs change to reflect their subject. Regular verbs change according to a pattern that makes.

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Presentation on theme: "Interaction Chapitre 1 – Structures I. Some basics…. French verbs change to reflect their subject. Regular verbs change according to a pattern that makes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Interaction Chapitre 1 – Structures I

2 Some basics…. French verbs change to reflect their subject. Regular verbs change according to a pattern that makes them easily manageable. -Er verbs are the most common verbs in the French language.

3 Making the verb agree… When making the verb agree with the subject, decide whether the subject is singular or plural and which person it is. First person – I or we Second person – you and you plural – yall in the south! Third person – he, she, it or they

4 In French… Singular Plural 1 jenous 2 tuvous * 3 il/elleils/elles * Vous is also used to be polite whether talking to one person or more

5 -ER verbs - the pattern.. Take the infinitive: jouer Take off the -er ending jou Add endings according to the following pattern: je -enous-ons tu-esvous-ez il/elle-eils/elles-ent

6 For the verb jouer – je jouenous jouons tu jouesvous jouez il/elle joueils/ellesjouent In English – I playwe play you playyou play he/she playsthey play

7 All regular –er verbs follow this pattern in the present tense. You can conjugate a verb even if you do not know its meaning! The French have recently started using the verb googler.

8 Apply the pattern… googler – to google je _________nous ___________ tu __________vous ___________ il/elle ________ils/elles __________

9 Note: In French, je google covers all of the following in English: I google I am googling I do google

10 To make the negative… In French, you put ne….. pas around the verb to negate: Je mange. = I eat Je ne mange pas. = I dont eat/am not eating

11 On The pronoun on is used a lot in French, especially informal spoken French. It means one as in you, people, we. Verbs used with on have the same ending as verbs used with il/elle - il parle/ on parle

12 Some –er verbs with quirks… When conjugating some –er verbs, the stem changes slightly for pronunciation reasons. These verbs are called stem-changing verbs.

13 é to è préférer – to prefer *The first é is NOT affected!! The nous and vous forms are not affected – giving the boot shape. je préfèrenous préférons tupréfèresvouspréférez il préfèreils préfèrent

14 l to ll appeler – to call jappellenous appelons tu appellesvous appelez il appelleils appellent

15 e to è acheter – to buy jachètenous achetons tu achètesvous achetez il achèteils achètent

16 y to i payer – to pay je paienous payons tu paiesvous payez il paieilspaient

17 t - tt jeter – to throw je jettenous jetons tu jettesvous jetez il jetteils jettent

18 Other changes Some verbs change their stem but there is no boot shape. Only the nous form is affected g to ge - manger nous mangeons c to ç - commencer nous commençons

19 À vous… Je ________ la balleàmon frère. (jeter) Nous ___________ de la glace. (manger) Jean-Paul _________ du pain. (acheter) Moi et ma mère __________. (payer) Vous ________ le vinblanc. (préférer) Marie et Philippe m_________. (appeler)

20 The imperative To make the imperative (command form) of –er verbs, just use the verb with no subject: Vous jouez - Jouez! Play! Nous jouons - Jouons! Lets play! BUT in –er verbs you must leave off the s for the tu form – Tu joues - Joue! Play!

21 Negative To give a negative command (Dont do it!), put ne… pas around the verb: Mange ta soupe! Ne mange pas de gâteau!

22 Some irregular verbs… Some verbs – mostly very common verbs – do not follow a strict pattern and must be learned. To learn a verb: look at it, say it, copy it, try to reproduce it without looking. Review regularly! Learning present tense forms is an important base for future work because many tenses ( the imperfect, for example) are formed using the present tense as a base.

23 The four basic verbs… The first four irregular verbs studied are the basics to communication – être – to be avoir – to have aller – to go faire – to do, to make Être ou ne pas être: telle est la question. William Shakespeare

24 Être – to be je suis (I am) nous sommes (we are) tu es (you are)vous êtes (you are) il est (he is)ils sont (they are) elle est (she is) elles sont (they are) on est Imperative: sois, soyons, soyez

25 Avoir – to have jai (I have) nous avons(we have) tu as (you have)vous avez(you have) il a (he has)ils ont(they have) elle a (she has)elles ont(they have) on a Imperative: aie, ayons, ayez

26 Aller – to go je vais( I go)nous allons(we go) tu vas (you go)vous allez(you go) il va (he goes)ils vont(they go) elle va (she goes) elles vont(they go) on va Imperative: va, allons, allez Note: Vas-y! (Has s for pronunciation)

27 Faire – to do, to make je fais (I do)nous faisons (we do) tu fais (you do)vous faites (you do) il fait (he/it does)ils font (they do) elle fait (she/it does)elles font (they do) on fait Imperative: fais, faisons, faites

28 Aller and faire with Infinitives Aller + infinitif To be going to + infinitive SubjectAllerInfinitivePredicate Je vais acheterdu lait. Iam goingto buysome milk. Nousallonsvoirun film. Weare goingto seea film

29 Faire + Infinitive To have/get something done… SubjectFaireInfinitivePredicate Jefaispréparerle repas. (I am having the meal prepared.)

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