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Verbs! What is a verb?.

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Presentation on theme: "Verbs! What is a verb?."— Presentation transcript:

1 Verbs! What is a verb?

2 Verbs! A verb is an action word (in English, begins with “to”)
Examples: To write To look To jump To sing To bat your eyes at….

3 What is a subject, you may ask?
Subjects! What is a subject, you may ask?

4 The subject of a verb is the person or thing which performs the action of that verb: Gordon travaille. Gordon is working. Mes parents habitent en Espagne. My parents live in Spain. La voiture ne veut pas démarrer. The car won't start.

5 Subject pronouns replace this person or thing: Il travaille
Subject pronouns replace this person or thing: Il travaille. He is working. Ils habitent en Espagne. They live in Spain. Elle ne veut pas démarrer. It won't start.

6 Subject Pronouns! Singular “person” French English 1st person Je I
2nd person Tu You (familiar) 3rd person Il/ elle He/ She

7 plural “person” French English 1st person Nous We 2nd person Vous
You (plural/ formal) 3rd person Ils/ elles They

8 Practice! Translate the following subject pronouns: I 8. She
You (friend) 9. Je They (feminine) 10. Vous You (formal) Elle We Tu He Ils They (masculine) 14. Nous

9 Corrige Je 8. Elle Tu 9. I Elles 10. You (formal/ plural) Vous 11. She
Nous You (familiar) Il They (masculine) Ils We

10 Practice! Translate the following subject pronouns into Francais:
You (familiar) We I They (feminine) He You (plural/ formal) They (masculine) She

11 Translate the following subject pronouns into Francais:
You (familiar) Tu We Nous I Je/ J’ They (feminine) Elles He Il You (plural/ formal) Vous They (masculine) Ils She Elle

12 Aimes-tu? To ask someone you know well if he/she likes something use the familiar form: Aimes-tu….? To ask someone you do not know well of is older than you are if he/she likes something, use the formal form: Aimez-vous…?

13 Et toi? “Et toi?” directly translates as “And you?”.
Use the phrase “et toi?” to respond and engage in conversation. Example: Très Bien Spongebob. Et toi? Salut, Patrick! Comment ca va? Très bien, merci!

14 “J’aime la glace. Et toi?”

15 In order to respond to Patrick…
If “yes” say: Oui, j’aime la glace. If “yes, a lot” say: Oui, j’aime beaucoup la glace If “no” say: Non, je n’aime pas la glace

16 Practice “Aimes-tu?” and “Et toi?” with a partner…
Partner A: “Aimes-tu__________?” Partner B: “Oui, j’aime __________.” OR… “Non, je n’aime pas _________.” 3. Partner B: “J’aime ____________. Et toi?” 4. Partner A: “Oui, j’aime ___________.” OR… “Non, je n’aime pas ___________” 5. Present your scene!

17 Les Verbes en -er Most verbs in French end in –er
chanter travailler nager donner sauter This form is called the infinitive

18 Verb Math! The stem of the verb equals the infinitive minus the –er
infinitive – er= stem chanter – er = chant

19 Practice Making Stems Parler Chanter Nager Danser Acheter Travailler
Marcher Adorer Jouer Pleurer

20 Practice Making Stems Parler parl Chanter chant Nager nag Danser dans
Acheter achet Travailler travaill Marcher march Adorer ador Jouer jou Pleurer pleur

21 subject pronouns change verb endings… I jump they walk je saute ils marchent

22 Subject Pronouns and Their Endings
PARLER Singular Plural I Je parle We Nous parlons You (fam) Tu parles You (plural/ formal) Vous parlez He/she Il/elle parle They Ils/ elles parlent

23 Vocabulaire – La famille!
Mother – Great grandfather – Father – Girl Brother – Boy – Sister – Woman – Uncle – Man – Aunt – Child – Grandfather – Dog – Grandmother – Cat – Step father – Baby – Step mother – Cousin - Step brother – Step sister – Great grandmother –

24 Mother – mere Father – pere Brother – frere Sister – soeur Uncle – oncle Aunt – tente Grandfather – grandpere Grandmother – grandmere Step father – beau-pere Stepmother – belle-mere Stepbrother – beau-frere Stepsister – belle-soeur Girl- fille Boy – garcon Woman – femme Man – homme Child - enfant Dog – chien(ne) Cat – chat(te) Baby –bebe Great-grandmother arriere-grandmere Great-grandfather arriere-grandpere Cousin –cousin(e)

25 Pronouns + verbs = FUN! Sometimes in a sentence we do not use subject pronouns, but names of people to indicate who is doing the action Ex: OR He speaks = Pikachu speaks =

26 Ask yourself: which subject pronoun is being used?
Be careful to count how many people are performing the action in order to place the correct verb ending on your stem. Ask yourself: which subject pronoun is being used? (subject pronoun = _______ therefore ending = ____) Ex. Ma mère, mon père et mon chat march_____ au magasin.

27 Translate! Mère: Sœur: Cousine: Tente: Oncle: Arrière grand-mère:
Frère: Grand-père: Homme: Belle-mère: Bébé: Beau-frère: Enfant: Femme: Chatte:

28 Translate! Mère: mother Sœur: sister Cousine: cousin (feminine)
Tente: aunt Oncle: uncle Arrière grand-mère: great grandmother Frère: brother Grand-père: grandfather Homme: man Belle-mère: stepmother Bébé: baby Beau-frère: stepbrother Enfant: child Femme: woman/wife Chatte: cat (feminine)

29 More ER verbs! Chercher: to search for Arriver: to arrive
Demander: to ask Aimer: to like/ love Détester: to detest/ hate Manger: to eat Penser: to think Rêver: to dream Skier: to ski Trouver: to find Visiter: to visit

30 Charades! Rules: No speaking for the actor
Relay = once guessed, another group member must come up and take a new verb May ask teacher for guidance Not allowed to go twice unless everyone has already participated

31 Oral Quiz Partner A: “Bonjour” Partner B: “Bonjour, comment ca va?”
Partner A: “Ca va ___________, et toi?” Partner B: “Ca va __________” Partner A: “Aimes-tu _____________?” Partner B: “Oui j’aime ___________, et toi?” OR “Non, je n’aime pas ___________, et toi?” Partner A: “J’aime beaucoup _________, et toi?” Partner B: “Oui, j’aime ___________ aussi” OR “Non, je n’aime pas _______________”. Partner A: “Au revoir” Partner B: “A bientôt!”

32 Evaluation: Oral Presentation
Evaluation of Oral Presentation C’est un début! Beginning 1 point Sur le bon Chemin Progressing 2 points Ca marche bien! Competent 3 points Vous êtes experts! Expert 4 points Total /20 points Pronunciation Most words are pronounced incorrectly. As a result, it is difficult to understand the presentation. Some words are pronounced incorrectly, but the presentation is still understandable. Most words are pronounced correctly, making the presentation easily understandable. All words are pronounced correctly. Any errors in pronunciation are the result of the students incorporating extra vocabulary not included in the unit. Enunciation Words are not clearly enunciated. As a result, the presentation is incomprehensible. Some words are clearly enunciated. Some of the presentation is comprehensible. Most words are clearly enunciated. As a result, most of the presentation is easy to comprehend. All words are clearly enunciated. All listening can easily understand the presentation. Volume Voice is audible. Volume is too low. Volume is adequate. Most people can hear the presentation Volume is excellent. All listening can easily hear the presentation. Use of French Most of the presentation is delivered in English Some of the presentation is delivered in French Most of the presentation is in French. All of the presentation is in French Preparedness Unprepared. Students have not practiced. Somewhat prepared. Students have practiced a little. Prepared. Students have practiced a couple of times. Well prepared. It is obvious that much practice has taken place.

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