4 Stylistics:Stylistics is the study and interpretation of texts in regard to their linguistic and tonal style.It is the scientific and systematic study of linguistics.As a discipline, it links literary criticism to linguistics.It does not function as an autonomous domain on its own, and can be applied to an understanding of literature and journalism as well as linguistics.
5 Stylistics as a science Stylistics is a branch of general linguistics. It is regarded as a language science which deals with the results of the act of communication.There are 2 basic objects of stylistics:- stylistic devices and figures of speech- functional styles
10 Lexical stylistics: Lexical stylistics studies functions of direct and figurative meanings, also the way contextual meaning of a word is realized in the text. Lexical stylistics deals with various types of connotations – expressive, evaluative, emotive; neologisms, dialectal words and their behaviour in the text.Comparative stylistics: Comparative stylistics is connected with the contrastive study of more than one language. It analyses the stylistic resources not inherent in а separate language but at the crossroads of two languages, or two literatures and is obviously linked to the theory of translation.
11 Phonostylistics:Phonostylistics is phonetical organization of prose and poetic texts. Here are included rhythm, rhythmical structure, rhyme, alliteration, assonance and correlation of the sound form and meaning. Also studies deviation in normative pronunciation. Phonostylistics studies the way phonetic means of the language function in various oral realizations of the language. The choice of the phonetic means suitable to this or that situation depends on a number of factors, among which extra-linguistics ones are very important as they result in phonostylistic varieties.
13 Grammatical stylistics: Grammatical stylistics is subdivided into morphological and syntactical stylistics.Morphological stylistics views stylistic potential of grammatical categories of different parts of speech. Potential of the number, pronouns.Syntactical stylistics studies syntactic, expressive means, word order and word combinations, different types of sentences and types of syntactic connections. Also deals with origin of the text, its division on the paragraphs, dialogs, direct and indirect speech, the connection of the sentences, types of sentences.
14 Function of Stylistics: Stylistics of decoding– deals with all subdivisions of the language and its possible use (newspaper, colloquial style). Its object - correlation of the message and communicative situation.Stylistics of encoding - The shape of the information (message) is coded and the addressee plays the part of decoder of the information which is contained in message. The problems which are connected with adequate reception of the message without any loses (deformation) are the problems of stylistics of encoding.
16 Stylistic Syntax: Stylistic Syntax is one of the oldest branches of stylistic studies that grew out of classical rhetoric. The material in question lends itself readily to analysis and description. Stylistic syntax has to do with the expressive order of words, types of syntactic links ( asyndeton, polysyndeton), figures of speech (antithesis, chiasmus, etc.). It also deals with bigger units from paragraph onwards.Individual style study: It studies the style of the author. It looks for correlations between the creative concepts of the author and the language of his work.
17 ConclusionStylistics is the scientific study of language and literature.It has link with other different fields of sciences.Study of stylistics include phonology, morphology, phonetics, syntax, etc.Stylistics helps to understand the language in a different and better way.Use of stylistics is also seen in our daily life as reading sign boards etc.