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Ideas, Idealism, and Ideologies Lecture 1. The New World (1) Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Humane(1605);

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Presentation on theme: "Ideas, Idealism, and Ideologies Lecture 1. The New World (1) Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Humane(1605);"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ideas, Idealism, and Ideologies Lecture 1

2 The New World (1) Francis Bacon ( ) Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning Divine and Humane(1605); Instauratio Magna (1620), also known as Novum Organum

3 The New World (2) René Descartes ( ) Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, & chercher la verité dans les sciences. Plus la dioptrique; les meteores; et la geometrie (1637) Engl. tr. A Discourse of a Method for the Wel- guiding of Reason, and the Discovery of Truth in Sciences (1649) and Discourse on Method, Optics, Geometry, and Meteorology, trans. by Paul J. Olscamp (1965)

4 The New World (3) Thomas Hobbes ( ) Leviathan (1651) The founding document of Liberalism, in which Hobbes examines the relationship between the individual and society in the new world picture.

5 Liberalism - Philosophical & Political John Locke ( ) Montesquieu ( ) Mary Wollstonecraft ( ) Thomas Paine ( )

6 Liberalism - Utilitarian and Practical Adam Smith ( ) Jeremy Bentham ( ) John Stuart Mill ( ) >>> David Ricardo ( ) Thomas Robert Malthus ( )

7 The Political Heritage Declaration of Independence La Déclaration des droits… Inaugural Address 2001 English Version UN Human Rights Charter

8 Conservatism If it works, dont fix it Edmund Burke ( )

9 Socialism Search for Utopia William Godwin ( ) Fran ois Marie Charles Fourier ( ) Auguste Compte ( ) Karl Marx ( )

10 Summary Emphasis on the Individual Emphasis on Reason Liberalism Socialism Conservatism YES NO Postmodernism?YESNO


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