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Enabling Open Scholarship Enjeux de lOpen Access : le green OA, coûts et bénéfices Alma Swan Director of Advocacy, SPARC Europe Convenor, Enabling Open.

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Presentation on theme: "Enabling Open Scholarship Enjeux de lOpen Access : le green OA, coûts et bénéfices Alma Swan Director of Advocacy, SPARC Europe Convenor, Enabling Open."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enabling Open Scholarship Enjeux de lOpen Access : le green OA, coûts et bénéfices Alma Swan Director of Advocacy, SPARC Europe Convenor, Enabling Open Scholarship Director, Key Perspectives Ltd Director, Infrastructure Services for Open Access Couperin Open Access Conference: Généraliser laccès ouvert aux résultats de la recherche Paris, 24/25 January 2013

2 Enabling Open Scholarship Les coûts et bénéfices Benefits: Faster, more efficient, more effective research Outreach to professional and practitioner communities Outreach to the education community Outreach to the business community A better Knowledge Society ? Costs: Publisher adaptation Author adaptation ?

3 Enabling Open Scholarship Three Open Access scenarios Self-archiving in repositories (Green Open Access) (1) In parallel with subscription journals (2) Instead of subscription journals, via repositories with overlay services (3) Open Access journals (Gold Open Access publishing)

4 Enabling Open Scholarship Another dimension Worldwide versus unilateral OA Worldwide = when all institutions (or nations) convert to OA Unilateral = when only the test institution (or nation) converts to OA and the rest of the world continues with the current situation

5 Enabling Open Scholarship National models

6 Enabling Open Scholarship National pictures (worldwide OA) Annual savings from moving to: UKNetherlandsDenmarkUS federal agencies OA journals (Gold OA) 480 million133 million70 million Value of benefit amounts to some 4x to 25x the cost Benefit/cost ratio1.4 OA repositories with subscriptions (Green OA) 125 million50 million30 million Benefit/cost ratio4.2 OA repositories with overlay services Circa 480 million Circa 133 million Circa 70 million (Houghton et al, 2009, 2010)

7 Enabling Open Scholarship Benefit-cost ratios (UK) (worldwide OA) (CEPA, 2011)

8 Enabling Open Scholarship Institutional models

9 Enabling Open Scholarship Three Open Access scenarios Self-archiving in repositories (Green Open Access) (1) In parallel with subscription journals (2) Instead of subscription journals, via repositories with overlay services (3) Open Access journals (Gold Open Access publishing)

10 Enabling Open Scholarship UK: Case studies UniversityResearch income per annum University A2 million GBP University B10 million GBP University C75 million GBP University D200 million GBP

11 Enabling Open Scholarship Savings from Green OA (with subscriptions) GBP per annum

12 Enabling Open Scholarship University UK: Annual savings from OA GBP per annum

13 Enabling Open Scholarship Savings from OA via OA journals

14 Enabling Open Scholarship More realistic assumptions Before: Universities would pay for all articles published by authors in their institution Used average APC value of 1500 GBP New: set of new assumptions: The corresponding author is responsible for article processing payments Where work is funded by external funders, the funder will pay article processing charges So, a university only pays for unfunded articles where the main author is in that institution Used real average APC of 571 GBP*... Or real disciplinary values* *(Solomon & Bjork, 2011)

15 Enabling Open Scholarship Savings from worldwide Gold OA N.B. Modelled disciplinary mix with discipline-specific average APCs

16 Enabling Open Scholarship Savings from Gold OA (different APCs) APC = real disciplinary values APC = 1500 GBP GBP per annum

17 Enabling Open Scholarship Unilateral Gold OA incurs costs

18 Enabling Open Scholarship Savings from worldwide Green OA GBP per annum

19 Enabling Open Scholarship Unilateral Green OA incurs costs GBP per annum

20 Enabling Open Scholarship Summary Route through transitionCost or benefit? Gold OA - worldwide Gold OA - unilateral Benefit (savings) Cost Green OA - worldwide Green OA - unilateral Benefit (savings) Cost

21 Enabling Open Scholarship National models

22 Enabling Open Scholarship

23 Modelling OA at institutional level Cheaper, whatever model (Green or Gold) for all nations studied Transitioning: through Green OA is the cheapest route: Amount of Green OA grows to 90-100% of all articles Authors final versions are acceptable as a substitute Libraries consider it safe to cancel subscriptions Publishers convert to Gold OA (service provision rather than product sales) Cash available in institutions (savings from subscriptions) to pay for Gold publishing services

24 Enabling Open Scholarship Thank you for listening aswan@talk21.com www.sparceurope.org www.openscholarship.org www.keyperspectives.co.uk


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