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French articles le, la, l, les un, une, des. le, la, l, les (definite articles) What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know.

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Presentation on theme: "French articles le, la, l, les un, une, des. le, la, l, les (definite articles) What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know."— Presentation transcript:

1 French articles le, la, l, les un, une, des

2 le, la, l, les (definite articles) What do these words mean? These words all mean the. So how do you know which one to use?????

3 Well, first of all, if the noun is plural, there is only one possibility: les For example, to say the teachers you would say: les professeurs.

4 If your noun is singular (that means youre talking about only one thing), then you have to choose from le, la, l.

5 Your choice of definite article depends on the gender of the noun that follows. In French, every noun has a genderit is either masculine or feminine. In order to choose between le or la, you have to know the gender of the noun.

6 For example, the noun boisson (drink) is feminine. If you want to say the drink you would say: la boisson.

7 Since casse-croûte (snack bar) is masculine, how would you say the snack bar? le casse-croûte Fantastique!

8 Reminder about plurals… But what if the noun is plural? For example, frites (fries). How would I say the fries? les frites (You can see that if a noun is plural, you dont really need to know if its masculine or feminine in order to choose the correct article.)

9 So when do we use l ? See if you can figure out the rule: loignon (m) = the onion lagrafeuse (f) = the stapler lécole (f) = the school What do these words have in common?

10 Thats right!! They all start with a vowel AND they are singular. Sooooo, l is used to mean the in front of a masculine or feminine noun starting with a vowel.

11 Révision 1. _____ livre (m) = the book 2. _____ prix (m) = the price 3. _____ coupe glacée (f) = the ice cream sundae 4. _____boissons (f) = the drinks 5. _____oignons (m) = the onions 6. _____ ordinateur (m) = the computer le la les l

12 Vous êtes très intelligents! So lets move on to indefinite articles…

13 Indefinite articles un, une & des are indefinite articles. (They dont refer to any specific item any one will do.) Do you know what they mean? un livre = a book une portion = a serving des frites = some fries

14 un, une, des Which one is used in front of a masculine singular noun? un Which one is used in front of a feminine singular noun? une

15 So now I bet you can guess when to use des (some). Thats right! In front of a plural noun either masculine or feminine!

16 How are your matching skills? 1. a piece 2. the fries 3. the piece 4. an ice cream sundae 5. the order 6. an order 7. some desserts 8. the desserts a) une commande b) les desserts c) un morceau d) la commande e) le morceau f) une coupe glacée g) des desserts h) les frites

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18 vocabulaire les articles le la l les un une des the (m.sing.) the (f.sing.) the (m/f + voyelle) the (m/f pl.) a/an (m.sing.) a/an (f.sing.) some (m/f pl.)

19 Notes (grammar section) Les articles Les articles définis: Definite articles. They refer to something definite. le - (m. sing.) la - (f. sing.) l - (m/f + vowel) les - (m/f pl.) THE

20 Ex. _______poulet _______pomme _______oignon _______frites _______oignons the chicken the apple the onion the fries the onions le les la l les

21 Les articles indefinis: indefinite articles They refer to something unspecific. (Anyone will do.) un - (m. sing) une - (f. sing) des - (m/f pl.) A, AN, SOME

22 Our next lesson will cover the partitive articles du, de la, and de l

23 Notes (grammaire section) les articles partitifs Les articles partitifs: Partitive articles. They are used when referring to only part of a given substance. du - (m. sing.) de la - (f. sing.) de l - (m/f + vowel) des - (m/f pl.) SOME ANY

24 Ex. _______poulet _______pomme _______oignon _______frites _______oignons some chicken some apple some onion some fries some onions du des de la de l des

25 Ex. I am eating some chicken. Je mange du poulet. (I am only eating a part of the chicken not the whole thing.)

26 ATTENTION! In a negative sentence: du de la de / d de l des Ex. Jaime de la moutarde dans mon hot dog. Je naime pas de moutarde dans mon hot dog. Elle mange des oignons. Elle ne mange pas doignons. become s

27 While were at it…. un de/d une (becomes) in negative sentences. Ex. Jai un frère. I have a brother. Je nai pas de frère. I dont have a brother.

28 A pratiquer: 1. I like (some)* mustard in my hot dog. 2. We are eating (some) bread. 3. We arent eating (any) bread. 4. I dont eat (any) onions. 5. She eats (some)onions. 6. They share (some) fries. 7. They are sharing an ice-cream sundae. 8. I am not sharing an ice-cream sundae. *Note: In English, we dont always say some or any, but in French we always use the article before the noun.

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