Presentation on theme: "INTEGRATION, MULTICULTURALISM, AND ASSIMILATION By Sylvie Thomas and Nicola Walters."— Presentation transcript:
INTEGRATION, MULTICULTURALISM, AND ASSIMILATION By Sylvie Thomas and Nicola Walters
INTEGRATION: A DEFINITION The voluntary act of accepting as well as adopting the identity of a local Note : there exists an actual desire to be welcomed into and to actively become a part of society
MULTICULTURALISM: A DEFINITION The retention of ones own personal culture and beliefs, while pledging loyalty to the newfound community in which one lives and is surrounded by Original Identity (language, cultural customs/practices, religious beliefs, food, etc.) + New language, new customs/practices, new religious beliefs, new foods = New Identity No one identity prevails
ASSIMILATION: A DEFINITION The forcible integration of an individual into a new society In effect, and as a result, forced individual must accept the values, cultural customs, beliefs, practices, ideologies of this new society The problem with assimilation: the individual adapting to new society faced with challenge of choosing between original identity and new, imposing identity
MULTICULTURALISM IN THE USA Various parallel communities, but accepted because people dont question their identities. No levels of being American. Achievement of citizenship via living there the correct amount of years (5 years on a permanent resident card) and passing the citizenship test.
CONT… Immigrants permeate the fabric of America. They are an integral and important part of our society, its goals and its values. They are the backbone that helps make this country great. They are what sets us apart from every nation in this world. In short they are us. In the Mix
CONT… BBC NEWS: Ethnic and racial diversity – the melting pot – is celebrated as a core element of the American ideology. Bagels and pizzas and spaghetti were new things at one time… immigrants come and change America and are changed by America. – Douglas Revlin
CONT… Beginning to fear foreign cultures (9.11) The power of political memory Radical shift in how certain Americans view other countries. HB-56 – Police are allowed to racially profile anyone they suspect as being illegal. All contracts with undocumented immigrants are voided (Child support, leases, jobs) Crime for undocumented immigrants apply for a drivers license or a job. Must now carry papers to identify you are a legal resident in case pulled over by police in a routine traffic stop.
MULTICULTURALISM IN GREAT BRITAIN Dont question identity : To be British is to have a passport/live there… anything… so long as you can feel/declare yourself British No strict definition of national identity = no desire to force integrate people via assimilation. London is considered the multicultural center of Europe, it has 7 million inhabitants who speak over 300 different languages(Multicultural.co.uk)
CONT… The essence of multiculturalism is the idea that, if one makes immigrants feel welcome by allowing them to retain their culture and by seeking to address discrimination against them, immigrants will reciprocate by embracing a British identity and the values needed for a harmonious society. (first seen in LSE Research Magazine)
CONT… BBC NEWS Immigration has contributed half of Britains population growth in 10 years, according to new research. Without a doubt, the conclusions each of us personally form on immigration will play crucial role in how Britain will look and behave in the years to come. – Dominic Casciani
CONT… David Cameron, however, believes that multiculturalism has encouraged segregated communities where Islamic extremism can thrive. – New York Times According to conservative party, Cameron just wants to discourage parallel communities from living separate lives.
ASSIMILATION IN GERMANY: ACCORDING TO STATE OFFICIALS Angela Merkel – Multiculturalism has failed…for a while, we kidded ourselves into believing that they wouldnt stay and would leave. Naturally, the notion that we would become multiculti, that we would live next to one another and be happy about one another, failed. (Pg. 1, WSJ article) Merkel insisted in her speech that immigrant workers should not be considered until we have done all we can help our own people to become qualified and give them a chance. (Pg. 3, WSJ packet, The Guardian article)
ASSIMILATION IN GERMANY CONT… Horst Seehofer (Bavarian State Premier) - Germany should…get tougher on those who refuse to integrate before opening itself up to further immigration, (Pg. 4 WSJ packet) George Friedman – Multiculturalism resulted in the permanent alienation of the immigrants…They identified with the country they came from much more than with Germany. (Pg. 3 GFM) Theo Sommer – Integration necessarily implies a far-reaching assimilation onto the German guiding culture and its core values (Pg. 1 Wiki)
ASSIMILATION AND GERMANY Friedrich Merz (Leader of CDU in 2000) – Immigrants had a duty…to adapt to the basic cultural values of Germany (Pg 1-2 Wiki) …16 German states set their own (citizenship tests) which can be based on an officially-defined German culture and values Recep Erdogan (PM of Turkey) – Yes, integrate yourselves into German society but dont assimilate yourselves. No one has the right to deprive us of our culture and our identity (Pg. 2 Spiegel) …Blue Card holders will…have the same rights as Turkish citizens in dealings with authorities and banks
GERMANY CONT. Ceylan (Social scientist and religious scholar) – Immigrant colonies are vital for the survival of new arrivals, because they cushion the culture shock. On the other hand, the many years of isolation mean that immigrants lose contact with the rest of society. (Pg. 3 of 2 nd Spiegel)
ASSIMILATION IN FRANCE Primary school teachers are permitted to classify students into 3 categories : rien à signaller, risque, et haut risque. Luc Chatel (minister of education) – Il est donc important de repérer les élèves en diffificulté dès le plus jeune âge et nous allons proposer à nos enseignants des outils supplementaires de repérage de ces élèves. François Hollande (PS) – Cest par laccompagnement dès la maternelle et le primaire quon pourra corriger, dès le début de la scolarité les problèmes que peuvent rencontrer les enfants qui connaissent des difficulties.
CONT… Official Document from the 31 st of May : refusing foreigners work in France. French first, then European, then everyone else. Increasing the difficulty of getting a working visa and a job in France.
CONT… ONE passport!!!! Projet de charte des droits et des devoirs du citoyen français : To become French must : Adopt the history Values Principles And integrate into the national community Also be prepared to go to war
CONT… The tri-colored flag : bleu, blanc, rouge. The national anthem : La Marseillaise The national slogan : Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité French National Day : 14 Juillet The symbolic representation of The Republic : Marianne The French language
CONT… France is a country that is : indivisible, secular, democratic, and social La loi étant lexpression de la volonté générale, tout citoyen doit la respecter et nul nest cense lignorer… Nul ne peut être constraint à faire ce que la loi nordonne pas. –Democratic Une personne qui est acquis la qualité de Français peut être déchue de la nationalité français si elle sest soustraite à ses obligations de défense, ou si elle sest livrée à des actes contraires aux interest fondamentaux de la France, sans prejudice des dispositions du code penal.