Presentation on theme: "By: Shawn Rogers. What is Genitive? Rules of Genitive Table of Genitive articles Examples of Masculine Examples of Feminine Examples of Neuter Examples."— Presentation transcript:
By: Shawn Rogers
What is Genitive? Rules of Genitive Table of Genitive articles Examples of Masculine Examples of Feminine Examples of Neuter Examples of Plural Genitive Quiz Note: All English is in White, and all German is in Red!
Genitive is a noun case that shows possession or a relationship between two nouns. Example: Der Bruder des Mannes wohnt im Norden. The mans brother lives in the north. Because the man has a grammatical relationship with his brother, the Genitive case is used in the sentence to relate the two. For more in depth information on Genitive, look on to the rest of the powerpoint.
Like the other noun cases (Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ), Genitive requires a change in both indefinite and definite articles. In addition, Genitive also requires that changes be made to the nouns. When the noun is masculine or neuter, the noun may have either –es or –s added to the end. When the noun has only one syllable, then –es is added to the end. When the noun has multiple syllables, then add –s to the end.
EnglishMasculineFeminineNeuterPlural Thedesderdesder Aeineseinereinesn/a Mymeinesmeinermeinesmeiner Yourdeinesdeinerdeinesdeiner His, or Itsseinesseinerseinesseiner Herihresihrerihresihrer Theirseinesseinerseinesseiner Ourunseresunsererunseresunserer Your (plural) euereseuerereuereseuerer Theirihresihrerihresihrer His or Her (adult) IhresIhrerIhresIhrer
Der Hund des Mannes ist tot. The mans dog is dead. Notice that because the man has grammatical possession of the dog, the article in front of the man is changed from der to des. Also notice that –es is added to the end of Mannes because Mann has only one syllable.
Der Vater der Dame schläft auf dem Bett. The womans father sleeps on the bed. Notice that because the woman has grammatical possession of the father, the article in front of the woman changes from die to der.
Der Ball des Mädchens ist gross. The girls ball is large. Notice that because the girl shows grammatical possession of the ball, the article in front of the girl changes from das to des. Also notice that –s is added to the end of Mädchens because Mädchen has mor than one syllable.
Die Männer der Zechen sind müde. The men of the coal mines are tired. Notice that because the coal mines show grammatical possession of the men, the article in front of coal mine changes from die to der.
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