Presentation on theme: "AP #11 Relative Pronouns. They introduce the subordinate clause – the part of the sentence that can not be alone. They usually are used to express That."— Presentation transcript:
AP #11 Relative Pronouns
They introduce the subordinate clause – the part of the sentence that can not be alone. They usually are used to express That Which Who(m)
En español son: The most common is que and is used to refer to people and things in either the subject or the object position. It is the equivalent of the English: –Who –Whom –Which –That Sometimes we omit the relative pronoun in English, not the case in Spanish.
La señora _____ es anciana compró la casa. 1.cual 2.cuya 3.que 4.lo que The woman that is old bought the house. Person is subject
quien used to refer only to people This has the plural quienes, but does not change with masculine and feminine. Que or quien maybe be used when it is refering to the direct object pronoun (whom? or what?) If the relative pronoun occurs after a preposition you must use quien.
La señorita de _____ estoy pensando no está aquí. 1.que 2.la que 3.quien 4.cuya The young lady of whom I am thinking is not here.
La casa en ____ estoy pensando está en Oregon. 1.quien 2.cuyo 3.la que 4.que The house that I am thinking about is in Oregon.
The one These are used to talk about the one or the ones El que La que Los que Las que
Mi tía, _____ es profesora es joven. 1.la que 2.las que 3.lo que 4.los que My aunt, the one that is a professor is young.
Mi tío ____es cocinero, llegará pronto. 1.la quien 2.lo quien 3.el que 4.la que My uncle, the one who is a cook, will arrive soon.
Whose Your Spanish teacher? Cuyo Cuya Cuyos Cuyas These are used to refer to people, not to ask questions, and they must agree in gender and number.
Mi tía, ______ amiga es profesora, viene a visitarme hoy día. 1.cuyo 2.cuya 3.cuyas 4.cuyos My aunt, whose friend is a professor, is coming to visit me today.
Las gemelas, ____ madre era de España, tienen noventa años. The twins, whose mother was from Spain, are ninety years old. 1.cuyo 2.cuya 3.cuyas 4.cuyos
¿_______ es la tarea? 1.Cuyo 2.De quién De quién is used when who is an interrogative and is followed by a verb.
The Neuter Pronouns Lo que – that which, what Lo que dije es verdad. – What I said is true.
Final thoughts: It must be emphasized that the previous comments on the relative pronouns are intended as general guidelines only. In actual use, one will encounter exceptions to what has been said, especially with regard to the the use of el cual and el que, with the latter form tending to encroach more and more on the terrain of the former, particularly on the colloquial level, but also in written Spanish.