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Arbeitstagung Zukunft der Arbeitsförderung nach der Instrumentenreform Arbeiterwohlfahrt Bundesverband e.V., Berlin, 15.-16. März 2012 Soziale Aktivierung.

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Presentation on theme: "Arbeitstagung Zukunft der Arbeitsförderung nach der Instrumentenreform Arbeiterwohlfahrt Bundesverband e.V., Berlin, 15.-16. März 2012 Soziale Aktivierung."— Presentation transcript:

1 Arbeitstagung Zukunft der Arbeitsförderung nach der Instrumentenreform Arbeiterwohlfahrt Bundesverband e.V., Berlin, 15.-16. März 2012 Soziale Aktivierung in den Niederlanden und Deutschland Dr. Henk Vinken www.henkvinken.nl hvinken@gmail.com

2 Proceed in English ! Report for IAB, Institut für Arbeits und Berufsforschung, Nuremberg Social activation policy in the Netherlands Practices, problems, and promises Henk Vinken & Peter Ester Pyrrhula, social research network Tilburg, September 2011

3 Outline presentation Social activation policy The philosophy of Full Engagement The Participation Ladder A Dutch study in a German context Questions and approach The financial crisis and budget cuts Key results Use biographical logic and reciprocity Build trust and social networks Define success and engage real employers Monitor Preliminary comparison with German results

4 Social activation policy The philosophy of Full Engagement - Participation is the rule: paid work, training or voluntary work - Offer opportunities to participate, do not allow inactiveness - Minimum 20 hours engagement - Participation facillitated by debt assistance, child care, etc. - Personal client manager - Situated in neighborhoods (close to client; connect to officials there) - Two-way benefit: for client and city/neighborhood - New Deal = new balance rights and obligations Who Work uncommited, socially isolated, health problems, psychological problems, debts, unspported single mothers, immigrants with no language skills, alcoholics, drug addicts, illiterates What Providing basic sense of biographical self-direction by voluntary work, work trial placements, training courses, language courses, sports, time management, cultural activities Usually a mix from social and work-oriented activities

5 Social activation policy The Participation Ladder How Concentration activation policies (and budgets) aimed at (paid) work, education/training and social participation into Ladder. Paid work (6) highest priority, if that is not feasible then 5, if that is not working then 4, etc. Ladder provides a simple and common framework/language. Key is assessing clients on steps, assessing growth potential, and making steps

6 A Dutch study in a German context Questions and approach - IAB Interested in activation philosophy and models - In NL and Germany distance to labor market for some people too large - Purely job oriented policies have limited power for these people - How about Dutch social activation policies ? - What are the main experiences? - What are best practices? - What lessons can be learned? Qualitative approach in NL and Germany - Indepth interviews with local decision makers - In NL at least the big 4 cities, young/older clients - Plus example cities mentioned by interviewees - Same Leitfaden used in NL and German study

7 A Dutch study in a German context The financial crisis and budget cuts - Interviews December 2010 – July 2011 - Scepsis about purely social activities while budgets decline? - Is Social Activation a luxury good? - What will be priority in Social Activation policies in the crisis? - What are the worries, what the opportunities? (Never waste a good crisis)

8 Key results Biographical logic and reciprocity Participation Ladder calls for biographical logic - What instruments best at what phase and what transition? - Use programs/activities that follow up on each other: focus on making steps? - Think in trajectories and biographical developmental needs - Offering programs for one phase only is useless Voor wat, hoort wat - Turnaround among policy makers and case managers (and clients?) - If you get a benefit, you will do something back for it - If you can pour coffee at home, you can do that for others too - Matches with broad rethinking on welfare state - Matching individual and societal benefits Biopgraphy and Activation Learn to get up, get dressed, eat well, use transportation, talk to other people, read/write, basic (professional) skills, build a social network, make transitions (from one school/job/home to another), earn an income, maintain meaningful relationships

9 Key results Building trust and social networks - These clients are very sceptic, distrustful - Share what they can do best/how they can develop in late phase - Even after low profile activation, pride to participate again grows - Direct programs at building social capital and (local) social networks - Big society with more self-responsibility only possible with strong networks - Only with strong network they can take next initiatives

10 Key results Define success and engage real employers - Define the central aim of activation: work or social participation - If the first, success is limited with Ladder 1-group - Involve real employers early-on - Check what skills are needed in the real labor market - Make smart deals with health insurance companies and employer groups

11 Key results Monitor - Systematic insight in what works and what not is still to be build - Monitor making steps on the Ladder - Develop a cost-benefit analysis model - With individual and societal costs and benefits

12 Preliminary comparison with German results Qualitative Explorationsstudie zur Sozialen Aktivierung in der BRD - Draft report IAB, February 2012 - 45 Expert Interviews across Germany December 2010-January 2012 Remarkable results according to a Dutch researcher - Social activation programs separate (Sozialarbeit) from workrelated measures - Dominance workrelated mediation even for clients very far from labor market - Social activation in erheblicher Formenvielfalt… ohne – wie in den Niederlanden – expliziter Bestandteil der Massnahmen der grundsicherung zu sein - Many separate measures/programs, no biographical logic (linked order of measures) - No thinking in terms of benefits for soeicty - Strong legalistic focus on who pays what programs (or: who is not allowed to pay) IAB Report, Seite 5: Soziale Aktiviering wird… bei meist langzeitarbeitslosen Hilfebedürftigen mit multiplen Vermittlungshemmnissen auf folgende Problemlage zu reagieren, bzw. folgende Bereiche zu entwickeln: Physische Konstitution – Gesundheitsbezogenes Verhalten; Psychische Erkrankung und Verhaltensstörung; Fehlende Árbeitstugenden und Defizite im alltagshandeln; Sozialer Kontext und familiäre Problemlagen; Mangelnde Basiskompetenzen


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