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MONEY IN RUS, RUSSIA, USSR, AND ITS FORMER REPUBLICS

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Presentation on theme: "MONEY IN RUS, RUSSIA, USSR, AND ITS FORMER REPUBLICS"— Presentation transcript:

1 MONEY IN RUS, RUSSIA, USSR, AND ITS FORMER REPUBLICS

2

3 OLD RUSSIAN COINS

4 RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CURRENCIES OF RUS
1 grivna = 2 rubles ruble 100 Novgorod dengas Novgorod denga Moscow dengas (kopeks)

5 KOPEK (KOPEYKA)

6 RUBLE AFTER WORLD WAR I Siberian ruble (1918–1920)
Harbin ruble (1918–1920) Latvian ruble (1918–1921) Turkestani ruble (1918–1922) Armenian ruble (1918–1922) Georgian ruble (1919–1921) ruble of the Far Eastern Republic (1920–1922) Azerbaijani ruble (1920–1922) Transcaucasian ruble (1922–1924)

7 RUBLE IN USSR Soviet ruble transferable ruble SUR (1922 – 1992)
(1964 – 1991) currency for interbank settlements in member countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance, Soviet counterpart of Special Drawing Rights – currency of the International Monetary Fund

8 RUBLE AND KOPEK IN OTHER LANGUAGES
рубль рубель ● рублэ ● rublis ● rubla ● ռուբլի (roubli) манат ● მანეთი (manati) сом ● сўм карбованець гəпик тийин ● тиын ● тыйн капейка ● копійка ● копейкэ kapeika ● kopikas ● կոպեկ (kopek) копейка

9 TRANSITIONAL CURRENCIES AFTER USSR’S COLLAPSE
Ukrainian karbovanets UAK (1992–1996) replaced by hryvnia Lithuanian talonas LTT (1991–1993) replaced by litas Latvian rublis LVR (1992–1993) replaced by lats Moldovan cupon MDC (1992–1993) replaced by leu Georgian kupon lari GEK (1993–1995) replaced by lari Tajikistani ruble TJR (1995–2000) replaced by somoni

10 HYPERINFLATION IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 90S
in 1994 prices increased 17 times in Armenia 4 times in Kyrgyzstan 24 times in Belarus 5 times in Russia 23 times in Kazakhstan 29 times in Ukraine

11 RUBLE AT PRESENT Russian ruble Belarusian ruble Transnistrian ruble
RUB (1998 – present), earlier RUR (1992 – 1997) 1 USD ≈ 23,6 RUB in use also in Abkhazia and South Ossetia Belarusian ruble BYR (2000 – present), earlier BYB (1992 – 1999) 1 USD ≈ 2144 BYR Transnistrian ruble PRB (1994 – present) 1 USD ≈ 8,5 PRB

12 CURRENCIES OF UNRECOGNIZED STATES
Transnistria Transnistrian ruble (PRB) since 1994 banknotes were printed in Poland until 2004 Nagorno-Karabakh Armenian dram (AMD) since 1993 Karabakh dram (NKD) since 2005 banknotes were printed in Austria in 2004 Abkhazia and South Ossetia Russian ruble and Georgian lari are in use Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Chechen nahar (nakhar, naxar) banknotes were printed in the UK in 1994

13 OTHER CURRENCIES OF THE CIS AND THE BALTIC STATES
Azerbaijani manat (AZN) since 1992 Armenian dram (AMD) since 1993 Georgian lari (GEL) since 1995 Kazakhstani tenge (KZT) since 1993 Kyrgyzstani som (KGS) since 1993 Moldovan leu (MDL) since 1993 Tajikistani somoni (TJS) since 2000 Turkmen manat (TMM) since 1993 Uzbekistani som (UZS) since 1993 Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH) since 1996 Latvian lats (LVL) since 1993 Lithuanian litas (LTL) since 1993 Estonian kroon (EEK) since 1992 } 2013 euro 2010 2011

14 UNUSUAL DENOMINATIONS
rubles of RSFSR, “kerenki” (1917–1919) all denominations: 20, 40, 250, and 1000 rubles Soviet rubles (different periods) 3, 15, 30, 60, 250, , rubles Georgian kupons lari (1993–1994) 3, 3 000, , kupons planned issue of Ukrainian hryvnias (1991) 15 kopeks, 3 and 25 hryvnias Belarusian rubles (1992–2000) lowest denomination: 50 kopeks (only notes) Belarusian rubles (2000–present) lowest denomination: 1 ruble (only notes)

15 SOVIET RUBLE Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1991)

16 RUSSIAN RUBLE obverse: Yaroslavl, monument to Yaroslav the Wise
reverse: Church of Precursor (2000)

17 1ST BELARUSIAN RUBLE (1992)

18 the Radziwiłłs’ Castle in Niasvizh
2ND BELARUSIAN RUBLE the Radziwiłłs’ Castle in Niasvizh (2005)

19 generalissimo Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov (2000)
TRANSNISTRIAN RUBLE generalissimo Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov (2000) on other notes: Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Taras Shevchenko, Dimitrie Cantemir, Pyotr Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky, Catherine II

20 HRYVNIA – 1ST SERIES Vladimir the Great (1992)
on other notes: Yaroslav the Wise, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ivan Mazepa, Ivan Franko

21 HRYVNIA – 2ND SERIES Vladimir the Great (1994)
on other notes: Yaroslav the Wise, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ivan Mazepa, Ivan Franko, Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Taras Shevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka

22 HRYVNIA – 3RD SERIES Vladimir the Great (2004)
on other notes: Yaroslav the Wise, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ivan Mazepa, I. Franko, M. Hrushevsky, T. Shevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka, H. Skovoroda

23 HRYVNIA – 3RD SERIES Vladimir the Great (2006)
on other notes: Yaroslav the Wise, Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Ivan Mazepa, I. Franko, M. Hrushevsky, T. Shevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka, H. Skovoroda

24 Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow – Türkmenbaşy
TURKMEN MANAT Saparmyrat Ataýewiç Nyýazow – Türkmenbaşy (2005)

25 LEGAL SANCTIONS FOR MONEY COUNTERFEITING
in USSR up to death sentence in Russia 5 to 15 years of imprisonment in Poland 5 to 15, or 25 years of imprisonment

26 ANTI-COUNTERFEITING FEATURES OF RUSSIAN RUBLE
Moiré pattern (area appears to be one color from one angle, stripes from another angle) kipp-effect (hidden image) watermarks protection fibers infrared marks embossed text magnetic marks microperforation microtext color shifting ink

27

28 Thank you for your attention.

29 Are there any questions?

30 Additional information at: http://yzb.dl.pl/dengi/


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