Presentation on theme: "Engineering Sustainable Energy Systems The Green Islands case study Carlos A. Santos Silva MIT-Portugal Program / Sustainable Energy Systems Instituto."— Presentation transcript:
Engineering Sustainable Energy Systems The Green Islands case study Carlos A. Santos Silva MIT-Portugal Program / Sustainable Energy Systems Instituto Superior Técnico
São Miguel, Azores Lagoa Sete Cidades, São Miguel São Miguel Area759 km 2 (32%) Population150 000 (60%)
The energy system in São Miguel (… as perceived by the Azores local agents) Annual growth rate 1995-20052005-2007 7%4% São Miguel
Energy Strategy for 2018 Goals for all Azores –75% of renewables on electricity production –40% of renewables on primary energy ( electrification of other sectors ) Plan (for São Miguel) –3MW Geothermal by 2010 –9MW Wind by 2011 –10MW Geothermal by 2013 Questions –Another 10 MW Geothermal after 2013? –Storage system? –How to use biomass? –Is this enough? What else?
The energy system in São Miguel (… the real system in 2007) 47% 27%
Electricity Scenario for 2018 Two critical ideas – Reduce energy demand (e.g. energy efficiency in buildings) – Introduce storage systems (e.g. pump-storage or EV) Storage Energy Demand
Primary Energy One critical idea: – Change transportation system (e.g. EV)
Conclusions Engineering a Sustainable Energy System requires –Research: Extend modeling and planning tools to include all dynamics –Implementation: Energy efficiency (e.g. reduce energy demand in buildings) Change transportation paradigm (e.g. electrical vehicles)
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