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“Koudemain”: Collaborative land strategies in the Kalinago Territory

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Presentation on theme: "“Koudemain”: Collaborative land strategies in the Kalinago Territory"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Koudemain”: Collaborative land strategies in the Kalinago Territory
Charlotte Eloise Stancioff (Leiden Univ., The Netherlands), Kimani Lapps (SHARP), Cozier Frederick (Ministry of Kalinago Affairs), Corinne Hofman (Leiden Univ., the Netherlands)  

2 Landscape, Community, and Culture
Founded on collaboration Partnership with Ministry of Kalinago Affairs and Salybia Heritage and Restoration Project (SHARP) Multidisciplinary approach to build resilience within agrarian landscape To understand impacts of land change on cultural ecosystem services (CES) and subsequent impact on wellbeing

3 effects on CES and community wellbeing Social Ecological System
Land Change: effects on CES and community wellbeing Impacts of land Change Landscape: Social Ecological System Provisioning Supporting Regulating Cultural Community Wellbeing -social -economic -environmental -physical -political -health -place attachment Goods Services We can imagine this model playing out in a landscape – there is a change that occurs- having a variety effects on community resources. For example- St. Kitts, coastal erosion has affected community resources by destroying natural grass beds, killing fisheries (natural capital)- how that affects community wellbeing depends on the perceived values of the community. These perceived values that affect how a community views itself, or its wellbeing, depends on the community. Community Wellbeing is different than resilience as resilience is how community uses the resources, how it responds to changes, how it adapts. Both lead to future state of community wellbeing. -identity -heritage -history -spiritual/religious -educational -inspirational -aesthetic


5 Kalinago Territory : Green gold
Subsistence agriculture to banana monoculture # 1 banana producer in Dominica (Bellot 2009) Weekly income Development and infrastructure Decline in early 2000s WTO and end of preferential trading Black Sigatoka Disease Societal transformations “I remember the banana boom, when we had green gold. Everybody was self-sufficient, everybody had bananas”

6 Cultural Values Changing community fabric Koudemain Canoeing Basketry

7 How to build synergies between nature and community?
Community collaboration What should be the focus? Mixed methods with tangible deliverables. GIS/Remote sensing Community mapping Qualitative data collection

8 Social Ecological Indicators (Oudenhoven et al 2010)
Social-capital of the landscape Customary laws and institutions Resource Conservation Income diversity Retention of TEK Food sovereignty and self-sufficiency Multiple use of land and plants Demographics Complexity of interaction with ecosystems Cultural Values Important sites-buildings Important sites- natural Cultural practices- livelihoods Cultural practices- singing, dancing Persistence of history/heritage Community Development free involvement in development activities recognition and respect of land and sites by governments, local communities, development industries threat from the government, privatization or other diversity of landscape used by communities Social Ecological Indicators (Oudenhoven et al 2010) Land degradation Conservation of natural places and biodiversity Conservation of built environment Level of emigration Interactions between groups Number of generations interaction with the landscape Economic Activity Documentation of knowledge Transmission of knowledge Diversity of planted crops Diversity of food sources- fishing Availability traditional foods /medicine

9 Multiple Use of Plants and Land: decline in agriculture

10 Land Cover/ Land Use Change
Land Class Type 2005 % 2014 Total % Change Low Veg. 16.68% 17.05% 0.37% Forest 79.08% 74.03% -5.04% Urban 1.48% 1.83% 0.35% Bare 1.71% 2.39% 0.68%

11 Agricultural Decline Agriculture- the backbone of the Kalinago Territory Example of “Koudemain” - linked to identity and cultural values “For example, the loss of agriculture is that also affecting the passing down of heritage”

12 Kalinago Land Survey No actual GIS data for the Kalinago Territory
Land cover Agriculture land Points of interest Boundaries Agriculture survey Land use Community perspectives

13 Salybia Land Management Plan
How to create economic opportunities that support traditional livelihoods? Bridging sustainable land use while restoring heritage Land plan developed with stakeholders during community mapping workshops

14 Resource Conservation :Water resource degradation

15 River Degradation Rivers are important part of history and mythology
Provides key community livelihood benefits (fishing, natural resources, recreation) Noted decline in water levels Value Frequency Percent 1 67 97.1% 2 1.45% 3 “Before, they used to go out a lot. Lay down there, go to rivers. But its changed.”

16 Curve Number Grid, Evaluate soil runoff by combining soil, geology, land cover properties Potential changes due to change of land cover types Result reveals increased runoff by rivers

17 Conclusions Collaboration and multidisciplinary methods connects land, community and culture Require both human and technical Challenges of merging data Local resources use make ecosystem services difficult to separate Land management needs to built on human and natural interactions Requires time and the space Understanding of wider context

18 Thanks! Especially to Kimani Lapps, Cozier Frederick, Asher Burton, Marcus, Danne Auguste , Dilliane Darroux and Kyle for their work and collection of data. To Gwenyth Frederick, Charmagne Frederick, Darroux, Lawrence Tyson and Andy Francis and everyone in the Kalinago Territory. This research has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/ ) / ERC grant agreement n° directed by Prof. dr. Corinne L. Hofman.

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