2 HABER + pasado participle This one is very easy, especially if you learned the first part. We are just incorporating two different concepts to make a new verb tense.The first thing to remember is that all perfect tenses are formed by TWO parts;HABER + pasado participle(-ado-/-Ido)
3 Put it with a past participle The Subjunctive form of Haber is:Put it with a past participleHayaHayasHayamosHayáisHayanDichoHechoRotoHabladoVividoComidoAnd you get the Present Perfect Subjunctive!
4 When the subject and verb in the first part of the The second thing to remember is that subjunctives are needed in the certain situations:When the subject and verb in the first part of thesentence are influencing the second subject and verband the two parts are connected by “QUE”.María quiere quePaco cante mañana.First subject and verbSecond subject and verbEsperamos queellos nos llamen pronto.First subject and verbSecond subject and verb
5 You’ve learned these as “cuweirdos” Cuando and ConjunctionsUncertaintyWish/WantEmotions (Feelings)Impersonal expressions / Indefinite or Non existent antecedentsRegreat / Remorse/ Requests/RecommendationsDoubt/Denial/ DisagreementOjalá que / Obligation (order)Suggestions
6 Then you need to use a present perfect subjunctive… So, now all we have to do is put the two together.If you have a sentence that needs a subjunctive…María hopes thatAnd a present perfect…Paco hasn’t seen the movie yet.Then you need to use a present perfect subjunctive…María espera que Paco no haya visto la película todavía.
7 The second verb is a present perfect. Para Repasar…To use this verb tense, a sentence must past two tests…The first subject and verb are influencing the second set (which means we need a subjunctive)The second verb is a present perfect.
8 ¿Listos? ¡Empiecen!I’m mad that Miguel hasn’t arrived.His arm hurts a lot. We hope he hasn’t broken it.I am sorry that you have been sick.Me enoja que Miguel no haya llegado.Le duele mucho el brazo. Esperamos que no se lo haya roto.Siento mucho que hayas estado enfermo.