Globalisation as an hegemonic thinking Theory of Boaventura de Sousa Santos Dangers A very short vision of the present Short-sightedness in face of the alternatives and which has reinforced the theories and hegemonic models An extremely widened visualisation of the future Where nothing is foreseen and happens really fast, for which no- one can be prepared. Proposals A sociology of absences That identifies and recovers experiences and forms of knowledge that are currently neglected A sociology of emergences Which expands the field of possible social experiences by investigating the alternatives Santos, B. S. 2007. Renovar a teoria crítica e reinventar a emancipação social, São Paulo: Boitempo Editorial
Monocultures Monoculture of Knowledge and Rigour Monoculture of linear time Monoculture of the naturalisation of differences Monoculture of the dominant scale Monoculture of capitalist productivity Ecologies Ecology of Knowledge Ecology of Temporality Ecology of Recognition Ecology of trans-scale Ecology of productivities Globalisation as an hegemonic thinking Santos, B. S. 2007. Renovar a teoria crítica e reinventar a emancipação social, São Paulo: Boitempo Editorial
In view of the consequences of globalisation. Three positions: - those who want to maintain a current position, defending its advantages and privileges; -those that adhere to the present neoliberal globalisation, in the name of initiative, efficiency, of liberty and of competition, etc, -and a third, that embraces, for example, the Antiglobalist movement (...), that denies at the same time the actual order and the neoliberal globalisation and argues that another world is possible (2007:135). Charlot, B. 2007. Educação e Globalização: uma tentativa de colocar ordem no debate. Texto de conferência proferida na Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Lisboa, a 14 de junho de 2007. Sísifo. Revista de Ciências da Educação, 04: 129-136. Globalisation as an hegemonic thinking
Solidarity Economy: -South American concept; -Late XX th century; -Encompasses all the economic experiences resulting from the initiative of the citizens that represent a rupture, an alternative, to the capitalist system. Laville, J-L. & Gaiger, L. I. 2009. Economia Social. In Cattani, A.D., Laville, J-L., Gaiger, L.I., Hespanha, P. (orgs), Dicionário internacional da outra economia: 162-168. Coimbra: Almedina/CES. Social and Solidarity Economy
Conill, J. et alli. 2012. Para além da Crise: Práticas Económicas Alternativas na Catalunha. In Castells, M., Caraça, J. & Cardoso, G. (org.) Rescaldo e Mudança. As culturas da crise económica: 239-273. Lisboa: Esfera do Caos.
Examples Who cares? by Mara Mourão The voice of the population – Comunity Radios in Guinea-Bissau Time banks Alternative currencies – Banco Palmas, Brasil
Solidarity Economy - characteristics 1.The foundations: concepts and core values 2.Battles to fight: issues addressed 3.Dilating the present: concept of globalisation 4.An economy intrinsically social: concept of economy 5.The search for well-being in fair and solidary relationships: concept of development
Solidarity Economy - characteristics 6.Committed participation: concept of citizenship 7.Emancipatory process: concept of education 8.Participation, questioning and coherence: methodologies 9.The protagonists: actors involved
Questions for the Debate. Help excluded members of the system or changing the models?. Does this kind of alternatives arise just in times of crisis?. Do they make sense just in this critical conjuncture?. Which are their main contributions to our political regime, the democracy?. What are the possibilities of these alternatives becoming hegemonic? Becoming systemic?. What should the profile be of a participative citizen?. How could we work, what could we do to promote that profile?. What model of education should we be promoting?