Presentation on theme: "International Business Law « les Lois de Police » Léonard de Vinci – Semestre 6 Jennifer AUBINEDiane FITZGERALD."— Presentation transcript:
International Business Law « les Lois de Police » Léonard de Vinci – Semestre 6 Jennifer AUBINEDiane FITZGERALD
Plan Introduction I. Definition, goal and application II. Several important features III. Exemples Conclusion
Introduction International Business law was created to: - regulate private life - consort legislation of different countries 2 main limits to parties freedom: - law of immediate applicability - prohibition to derogate from laws that interest public order Parties can chose the law applicable and are free to set up abroad … BUT… cant escape from law of immediate applicability !
I. Definition, goal and application Definition: « The law of immediate applicability is defined as the national law the observation of which is considered as crucial for protection of political, social or economic organisation of the State » Goal of those laws: - They are pursuing a purpose of justifiable general interest - protect the States interests
I. Definition, goal and application Application : - normally applied even if parties dont want it - applied when there is an element of foreignness in the situation - the law of immediate applicability of the court is applied without taking care about the rules of conflict of laws - two laws of immediate applicability coming from two distinct countries can be contradictory - the judge decides the observance of foreign laws of immediate applicability - the law chosen by the parties can be favoured in front of a law of immediate applicability with the Public Order agreement.
II- Several important features Main features Main features Part of the Public Order Part of the Public Order Most of the time considered as awkward Most of the time considered as awkward Not clearly identified Not clearly identified
International relationships conflict Choice of law Low chosen is applied Solution of the conflict Confront to public order No choice Application of the Roma Convention Application of the law of the seller Regular lawVienna Convention LAW OF IMMEDIATE APPLICABILITY
II- Several important features Where can we find them ? Where can we find them ? The most concerned fields: currency currency assistance with childhood assistance with childhood funeral funeral the representation of the employees the representation of the employees the intellectual and artistic property the intellectual and artistic property obligations of the marriage obligations of the marriage consumer protection consumer protection
II- Several important features Where are they more commonly found ? Where are they more commonly found ? the Civil Code (article 3) the Civil Code (article 3) the Roma Convention the Roma Convention la Convention de la Haye (1978) la Convention de la Haye (1978) the Consumption Code (article L135-1 + L 333-3-1) the Consumption Code (article L135-1 + L 333-3-1) the Insurances Code (article L112-3) the Insurances Code (article L112-3) the Intellectual Property Code (article L 311-7) the Intellectual Property Code (article L 311-7)
III. Exemples Here is an exemple of law of immediate applicability : Civil Code – article 3 (in the French law) « Les lois de police et de sûreté obligent tous ceux qui habitent le territoire. Les immeubles, même ceux possédés par des étrangers, sont régis par la loi française. Les lois concernant l'état et la capacité des personnes régissent les Français, même résidant en pays étranger ».
III. Exemples Exemple of application: If a contract is drafted between French and English citizens, they can apply English laws because it is the co contracting who determine the laws of the contract. But they have to apply the laws of immediate applicability, French and English one. Otherwise the contract is invalid.