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DOING RESEARCH IN EDUCATION STYLES, STRATEGIES, APPROACHES, METHODS compiled by Anna Bączkowska 2.

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Presentation on theme: "DOING RESEARCH IN EDUCATION STYLES, STRATEGIES, APPROACHES, METHODS compiled by Anna Bączkowska 2."— Presentation transcript:

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3 DOING RESEARCH IN EDUCATION STYLES, STRATEGIES, APPROACHES, METHODS compiled by Anna Bączkowska 2

4 Introduction compiled by Anna Bączkowska 3 styles Strategies/ Methods Approaches of research of data collection instruments of data collection to data analysis

5 Styles of educational research compiled by Anna Bączkowska 4 Naturalistic and ethnographic Historical and documentary Surveys, longitudinal, cross-sectional and trend studies Internet-based and computer use Case studies Experiments, quasi-experiments, single case research Action research

6 Strategies for data collection compiled by Anna Bączkowska 5 Questionnaires Interviews Accounts Observation Tests Personal constructs

7 Approaches to data analysis compiled by Anna Bączkowska 6 Qualitative Quantitative Content analysis

8 Naturalistic and ethnographic style compiled by Anna Bączkowska 7 Tries to answer three questions: 1. What are the characteristics of a social phenomena? 2. What are the causes of the social phenomena? 3. What are the consequences of the social phenomena?

9 Naturalistic and ethnographic style 2 compiled by Anna Bączkowska 8 Is concerned with Description (rather than prediction) Induction Generation (rather than verification) Construction (rather than enumeration) Subjectivities

10 Naturalistic and ethnographic style 3 compiled by Anna Bączkowska 9 Main kinds of naturalistic inquiry - Case study - Comparative studies - Retrospective studies - Longitudinal studies - Ethnography (portrayal and explanation of social groups in real-life context) - Biography

11 Naturalistic and ethnographic style 4 compiled by Anna Bączkowska 10 Main methods (data collection) Participant observation Interviews and conversations Documents and field notes Accounts Notes and memos

12 Historical and documentary compiled by Anna Bączkowska 11 Definition Systematic and objective location, evaluation and syntheis of evidence in order to establish facts and draw conclusions abut past events (p. 191)

13 Historical and documentary 2 compiled by Anna Bączkowska 12 Tries to answer the questions: 1. Where do the events take place? 2. Who are the people involved? 3. When do the events occur? 4. What kinds of human activity are involved?

14 Historical and documentary 3 compiled by Anna Bączkowska 13 Data collection PRIMARY SOURCES (original ) - Relics of a period (fossils, weapons, skeletons, coins, etc.) - Manuscrips, charters, laws, files, biography, newspapers, films, transcriptins, wills, etc. SECONDARY SOURCES - textbooks, encyclopedias, quoted materials,

15 Bibliography compiled by Anna Bączkowska Cohen, L, L. Manion, and K. Morrison Research Methods in Education, sixth edition, Routledge. 14


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