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Secular and Cathedral Music in the High Middle Ages.

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Presentation on theme: "Secular and Cathedral Music in the High Middle Ages."— Presentation transcript:

1 Secular and Cathedral Music in the High Middle Ages

2 Troubadours Aquitaine William IX, count of Poitiers and duke of Aquitaine Provençal, Occitan, langue doc – Trobar (Poetry), Trobador (Poet)

3 Troubadours Troubadour verse types – sirventes – emueg – gap – planh – tenso – canso fin amors (Courtly love)

4 Troubadours Bernart de Ventadorn (d. ca. 1200) – Can vei la lauzeta mover [Anthology 1-10] canso Marcabru – Lautrier jost una sebissa [Anthology 1-11] pastorela

5 Performance and Oral Culture Minstrels joglars, jongluers (Jokers) Chansonniers (books of songs) vidas

6 Performance and Oral Culture Trobaritz – Comtessa de Dia A chantar [Anthology 1-12]

7 Music for Elites Trobar Clus closed or difficult poetry for connoisseurs trobar leu: light poetry designed for immediate pleasure

8 Trouvères langue doïl Richard I (Lionheart) – Ja nun hons pris [Anthology 1-13] Moniot dArras (d. 1239) – Ce fut en mai [Anthology 1-14] Jehan Bretel (d. 1272) Adam de la Halle

9 Trouvères Narrative poetry – chansons de geste Songs of deeds Lai – chansons de toile picture song

10 Formes Fixes Rondeau – AB a A ab AB Ballade – Refrain aab Refrain aab, etc. Virelai – B aab B aab, etc.

11 Formes Fixes Adam de la Halle – Je muir, je muir damorete [Anthology 1-15a] Rondeau – Fines amouretes ai [Anthology 1-15b] Ballade – Le jeu de Robin et de Marion

12 Geographical Diffusion Iberian peninsula: Cantigas de Santa Maria (1250–1280) Italian peninsula: lauda spirituale German song: Minnesang, Minnelieder, Minnsinger – Lied – Walther von der Volgelweide (d. ca. 1230) – Neidhardt von Reuenthal (d. ca. 1250)

13 Geographical Diffusion German song: Minnesang, Minnelieder, Minnsinger – Lied – Walther von der Volgelweide (d. ca. 1230) – Neidhardt von Reuenthal (d. ca. 1250)

14 Instruments Cantigas manuscript

15 Polyphony in Aquitanian Monastic Centers Abbey of St. Martial St. Martial organum Jubilemus exultemus [Anthology 1-16] – Tenor (tenere to hold) – Cantus firmus Ad superni regis [Anthology 1-17] – Versus – Ligatures

16 Notre Dame School Notre Dame de Paris Anonymous IV – Leoninus magister (Master Leonin) – Perotinus magnus (the great Perotin)

17 Measured Music De mensurabili musica (On measured music) Modus or Rhythmic mode – Nota longa, nota brevis Organum duplum – Gradual Viderunt omnes [Anthology 1-18] Discant copula

18 Organum with Another Voice Organum triplum, quadruplum Gradual Viderunt omnes [Anthology 1-19] – Perotin – Hocket – Fractio modi

19 Conductus at Notre Dame Homorhythmic (note against note) Vetus abit littera [Anthology 1-20] – cauda

20 The Motet Johannes de Grocheio, Ars musicae (The Art of Music) (ca. 1300) mot (word) [Anthology 1-21] – Double motet

21 Franconian Notation Ars cantus mensurabilis (The Art of Measured Song) (ca. 1280) – Franco of Cologne Mensural notation

22 Late 13 th Century Motet Lautre jour/ Au tens pascour/IN SECULUM [Anthology 1-22] Montpellier Codex (ca. 1280–1300) – 300+ motets On parole/A Paris/FRESE NOUVELE [Anthology 1-23]

23 The Petronian Motet Petrus de Cruce Puncta divisionis (division points)


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