Presentation on theme: "Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific"— Presentation transcript:
1 Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific 2016 Defence White PaperOur second Strategic Defence Interest is in a secure nearer region, encompassing maritime South east Asia and the South Pacific.The second Strategic Defence Objective is to support the security of maritime South East Asia and support the Governments of Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste and of Pacific Island Countries to build and strengthen their securityAustralia will continue to seek to be the principal security partner for Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste and Pacific Island Countries in the South Pacific.We do this through the Defence Cooperation ProgramAustralia has a fundamental interest in the security and stability of Pacific Island Countries.Our approach has been to work closely and collaboratively with our neighbours in the Pacific on shared security concerns.Our commitment is evidenced through our long-standing security partnerships with Pacific Island countries across several decades.And our budgetary commitments reflect this – our DCP budget for Pacific/Timor-Leste is AUD 77.6 million for FY 15-16; Including AUD21 million for the Pacific Patrol Boat Program.
2 Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific Defence Cooperation Program (DCP)Since the 1960s, Australia’s DCP has formed a significant component of Australia’s international defence engagement.The DCP:promotes the professionalism and capacity of our key regional partners;improves Australia’s capacity to work with those partners in response to common security challenges; andbuilds strong people-to-people links with regional defence and security forces at the tactical, operational and strategic levels.
3 Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific Defence Cooperation Program (DCP)We deliver the DCP through a wide range of activities including:education courses, training, and personnel exchanges;capacity building projects and infrastructure support;military secondments and in-country advisers;gifted assets;strategic dialogues, senior visits, subject matter expert exchanges; andexercises and operations.
4 Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific Defence Cooperation Program (DCP)The DCP aims to build capacity in 5 key areas of engagement:humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR);peacekeeping;counter-terrorism;maritime security; andmilitary governance and professionalism.We aim to work with our partners to identify their capability requirements and deliver activities they want.If our partners are invested in the activity, we all achieve a better capacity-building outcome.
5 Australia’s Defence Engagement in the Pacific Defence Cooperation Program (DCP)The DCP is managed by International Policy Division.Our Canberra-based workforce is supported by 84 Navy, Army, Air Force and Defence civilian advisers across 17 countries.In Financial Year , Defence will expend approximately AUD106.6 million on the DCP.AUD77.68 million will be spent in the South Pacific.
6 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Pacific Patrol Boat (PPB) ProgramThe centrepiece of Australia’s defence engagement in the South Pacific.Australia gifted 22 PPBs to 12 countries fromThe PPBs assist Pacific Island Countries to take an active role in protecting their maritime security.PPBs are operated by both militaries (3 countries) and police forces (9 countries).Under the Pacific Patrol Boat Program, Australia gifted 22 patrol boats to 12 participating nations between 1987 and 1997.The Pacific Patrol Boats are gifted by Australia as sovereign assets, and have enabled Pacific Island countries to take an active role in securing their own borders and resources – to the benefit of the region overall. The PPBs are used to undertake a wide range of tasks, from fisheries enforcement, to Search and rescue, to movement of ballot boxes.
7 Pacific Patrol Boat nations include: Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Fiji, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Samoa, Vanuatu, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Republic of Marshall Islands and the Cook Islands.
8 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Pacific Patrol Boat (PPB) ProgramThe PPBs are sovereign assets that can be used to conduct a wide range of tasks, including:Fisheries surveillance patrolsLaw enforcement/policing surveillance patrolsSearch and RescueHumanitarian and Disaster Relief (e.g. Tonga supporting Fiji after Cyclone Winston)Medical transport/evacuationElection support and movement of Government officialsAustralia provides ongoing maintenance and logistic support to the patrol boats, as well as training for patrol boat crews. Sustainment and training are provided by Australia through contracted providers.In-country technical and supervisory support is provided through 22 RAN Maritime and technical advisers, including a LCDR and CPO in each country.Australia also provide fuel and victuals for national surveillance patrols, as well as multilateral operations run by the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA). Our support to FFA-led operations encourages greater cooperation and familiarity between PPB countries.
9 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Support to the Forum Fisheries AgencyAustralia supports FFA-led regional MCS operations through:Secondment of a Royal Australian Navy Surveillance Operations Officer to the RFSC;Fully funding the participation of the PPBs in FFA-led operations (including fuel and victuals);Contributing Royal Australian Air Force surveillance aircraft and Air Liaison Officers during FFA-led operations;Funding watchkeeper attachments from regional security services to the RFSC during FFA-led operations; andFunding for infrastructure upgrades as required, including recent renovations of the RFSC operations room.
10 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Pacific Maritime Security Program (PMSP)The Pacific Maritime Security Program (PMSP) will build on the success of the current PPB Program, and include:Replacement of current PPB fleet under Project SEA 3036;Continuation of in-country advisors, crew training, sustainment, maintenance, and operational support;Integrated aerial surveillance across the region; andEnhancements to regional coordination.The PMSP will cost AUD2 billion over 30 years.A significant contribution to regional maritime security.The PMSP will be a truly ‘regional’ programBuilding on existing regional coordination centres like the FFA, and encouraging greater regional cooperation.
11 PMSP – Replacement Boats Australia’s Support for MCS ActivitiesPMSP – Replacement BoatsGuardian-Class Patrol Boats (GPBs) will be purpose-built for the operating environment and range of taskings required in the South Pacific.Participating countries had input to the development of design specifications for the replacement vessels duringAustralia has also:Conducted a study of prevailing sea states in each country's EEZ to determine appropriate seakeeping ability;Conducted an anthropometric study to ensure living and operational spaces will fit a range of body types;Made allowances for weapon systems;Ensured the vessel could conduct naval, policing, fisheries, HADR, and election operations; andRequested a design that would remain cost-effective to own, operate and maintain.
12 Current Pacific Patrol Boat Austal’s Replacement Patrol Boat Australia’s Support for MCS ActivitiesPrincipal Dimensions – Modified Bay ClassCurrent Pacific Patrol BoatAustal’s Replacement Patrol BoatLength31.5 meters39.5 metersBeam8.2 metres 8.0 metresDraft2.3 metres2.5 metres Crew15 (plus 4 berths)19 (plus 4 berths) suitable for a mixed gender crewSpeed20 knots20 knots in Sea State 4Range2000 nautical miles at 12 knots3000 nautical miles at 12 knots in Sea State 4OperabilitySea State 4Top of Sea State 4
14 Project SEA 3036 – Pacific Patrol Boat Replacement Main DeckDeck CraneSick Bay or 2 BerthSeaboat and Launch and Recovery RampCargo AreaOfficers MessSailors MessLocation for Foredeck Mounted GunSmall Arms Store and Boarding Party Preparation AreaCO’s Cabin w/ Head/ShowerGalley2 Berth w/ Head/Shower (female/senior sailors)
15 Project SEA 3036 – Pacific Patrol Boat Replacement Bridge DeckLocation for port machine gunRemovable awningShip’s Emergency Power (Genset)Evidence LockerBridgeLocation for starboard machine gun
17 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Navigation and CommunicationsUpdated communications systems will include:VHF/DSC Radios and MF/HF DSC Radios;VHF Aeroband Radio and UHF Military Radio;Inmarsat C and SatCom for calls and data; andHF and VHF radio Direction finder.Updated navigation systems and sensors include:X-Band Radar;Electronic Chart System;Differential GPS and Gyrocompass,Autopilot; andDepth SounderAustralia is considering funding for satellite communications to ensure reliable comms between surface assets, national HQs, the FFA, and air assets.
18 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Military vs. Police RequirementsWhile the majority of replacement vessels will be operated by Maritime Police Forces, Australia has ensured they remain suitable for naval operations.The vessels include:A small arms store, magazine, and boarding party preparation area;Structure suitable for a single foredeck mounted naval gun, and port and starboard midship machine guns (weapons not fitted by Australia);UHF Military Radio compatible with RAN and RAAF assets;Separate Officers Mess (4 pax), adjacent to Sailors Mess; andCorresponding colour scheme to RAN vessels (Haze Grey).
19 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Enforcement and HADR capabilitiesStern launch and recovery doors and ramp for SeaboatSOLAS-approved fast RHIB with 2 x 90hp outboard motorsCapable of carrying up to an 8 person boarding partyServiced by stern transom points and access laddersDedicated evidence storage locker1500kg Deck Crane for general purpose and HADR stores embarkation16m² cargo deck with lashing grid and power outlet, serviced by deck craneSuitable for refrigerated shipping container or palletised storesShaded by a removable awning2 Reverse Osmosis (RO) plants producing 3190lt water per day2-berth Sick Bay with independent air flow system for transport of infectious patients
20 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Integrated Aerial SurveillanceAerial surveillance enables more targeted, intelligence driven maritime patrols within a country’s EEZ.Australia proposes to provide a contracted manned fixed-wing platform solution.Operational control has been offered to the Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) in Honiara.The Australian Department of Defence will manage contract.Member countries will be able to submit Air Tasking Requests (ATRs) to the FFA, for aerial surveillance support.Phased approach over an initial three-year period.Will be focused on detecting and responding to Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated fishing in the initial 3-5 year period.Could expand remit to detect other transnational crime after this time.
21 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Enhancements to Regional CoordinationIncrease use and sharing of information already available through existing regional coordination centres:Across national agencies within each country; andBetween countries, the FFA, and the Pacific Transnational Crime Coordination Centre in Samoa.New initiatives under consideration include:Additional fuel funding for cooperative patrols;Funding satellite communications bills for the replacement vessels;Installation of satellite communications systems in national HQs and regional coordination centres like the FFA;Training on evidence collection and management skills; andInfrastructure works at national HQs or Joint Coordination Centres in each country.
22 Australia’s Support for MCS Activities Pacific Maritime Security Program“A NEW ERA OF PARTNERSHIP”