Presentation on theme: "Putting It Together An ER verb assembly kit Français I."— Presentation transcript:
1Putting It TogetherAn ER verb assembly kitFrançais I
2Putting It Together Setup Getting Started FAQ’s Projects An ER verb assembly kitSetupGetting StartedFAQ’sProjects
3SetupThe process of verb conjugationParts and accessories
4La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationSo what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean?In grammatical terms, it’s…Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action)Lost? Don’t you worry. We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???
5La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWatch carefully as our verb repair specialty crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense.to beI am We areYou are You (pl) areHe/She is They are
6La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationDon’t they do excellent work? Here are some other familiar projects:to eatto danceI dance We danceYou dance You (pl) danceHe/She dances They danceI eat We eatYou eat You (pl) eatHe/She eats They eatIs it making sense yet? We change “to dance” to “dance” or “dances” depending on who we’re talking about (I, You, They). The same goes for “to eat.” Try a few on your own:
7La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationHere are a few verbs to try. Remember to use the present tense!to watchto workI watch We watchYou watch You (pl) watchHe/She watches They watchI work We workYou work You (pl) workHe/She works They workHow did you do?C’est facile, n’est-ce pas?
8La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWould you say… (click on each one)I is?You be?He are?She work?They watches?I to be?You to work?Oops! Of course not! Conjugated verbs are not interchangeable! It sounds ridiculous! It’s the same way with the French language.Now that you are experts, lets check out the nuts and bolts of conjugating French verbs.
9La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesIn order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following 4 terms:Subject-The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé)Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarderWhat others can you name?travaillerhabiterorganiserécouterchanterStem-The verb without the er: dans, parl, invit, regard
10La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesAnd most importantly:Ending-The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has it’s own ending to be used.Below is a chart that gives these endings-ER EndingsJee [—]Nousons [ohn]Tues [—]Vousez [eh]Il/ ElleIls/Ellesent [—]
11The right bit - For the right job!!! La Conjugaison des VerbesParts and AccessoriesOr think of it this way:SubjectInfinitiveStemEndingThe worker:The drill packaging:The drill: (packaging removed)The drill bits:ere, es, e, ons, ez, entJe, Tu, Nous, la fille, Ilsaimer, danser, chanter, parleraim, dans, chant, parlThe right bit - For the right job!!!
12La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesOk, here’s the drill : Try to conjugate these French verbs by following the 4 simple step:1. Take note of the worker2. Choose your drill package3. Remove ALL er packaging from the drill (how else are you going to use it?)Select the correct bit for the worker given*Notice, there are 6 workers for each verb!*parlerJeNousTuVousIl/ElleIls/Elles
13La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/ElleshabiteraimerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/EllesGo to the next page to see how you did!
14La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJe parleNous parlonsJe joueNous jouonsTu parlesVous parlezTu jouesVous jouezIl/Elle parleIls/Elles parlentIl/Elle joueIls/Elles jouenthabiteraimerJ’habiteNous habitonsJ’aimeNous aimonsTu habitesVous habitezTu aimesVous aimezIl/Elle habiteIls/Elles habitentIl/Elle aimeIls/Elles aimentHow did you do? Ready for a new twist?
16La Règle de TROISThe Rule of THREEMost conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1There are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:-nager -voyager -manger2Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
17TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Most conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1
18TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations For example, let’s conjugate:danserJe danseNous dansonsTu dansesVous dansezIl/Elle danseIls/Elles dansentSay them to yourself:danse = [dawnss]danses = [dawnss]dansons = [dawnss-ohn]dansez = [dawnss-eh]dansent = [dawnss]
19TROIS Prononciations How does it work? Three Pronunciations danser Je danse Nous dansonsTu danses Vous dansezIl/Elle danse Ils/Elles dansentTrois Pononciations!1. [dawnss] [dawnss-ohn] [dawnss-eh]How does it work?
20TROIS Prononciations And then… Three Pronunciations When you take off the packaging (er), you get the stem (the drill).The stem is pronounced just like it looks. It’s like saying the infinitive form without the ER sound at the end:Infinitive drop ER = Stem-étudier [ay] = étudi [ay-tew-dee]-inviter [ay] = invit [aahn-veet]-habiter [ay] = habit [ah-beet]And then…
21TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Add the bit! As a quick reminder, here are the pronunciations of each bit (ending)-ER EndingsJee [—]Nousons [ohn]Tues [—]Vousez [eh]Il/ ElleIls/Ellesent [—]Do you see the 4 bits that have the same pronunciation?
22TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Let’s try it with dîner: Je Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJedîn [deen]e [-]dîne [deen]Tues [-]dînes [deen]Il/ElleNousons[ohn]dînons [deen-ohn]Vousez[eh]dînez [deen-eh]Ils/Ellesent [-]dînent [deen]
23TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Do you see the 4 bits that have the same pronunciation?Subject(worker)+Stem(drill)Ending(bit)ResultJedîn [deen]e [-]dîne [deen]Tues [-]dînes [deen]Il/ElleNousons[ohn]dînons [deen-ohn]Vousez[eh]dînez [deen-eh]Ils/Ellesent [-]dînent [deen]
24Les exemples au WebMore examples: (click on links to hear an authentic pronunciation)The above links are the internet examples (described in your packet)
25Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThere are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:2
26Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThese three “special G” verbs are:nagervoyagermangerThey are all three ER verbs with a “G” before the –er.
27Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsnagerJe nageNous nageonsTu nagesVous nagezIl/Elle nageIls/Elles nagentFor these “special G” verbs, the “Nous” form is different. What changes?Why? (think pronunciation)voyagerJe voyageNous voyageonsTu voyagesVous voyagezIl/Elle voyageIls/Elles voyagentmangerJe mangeNous mangeonsTu mangesVous mangezIl/Elle mangeIls/Elles mangentSomething about the spelling has changed…
28And the French would say… Les verbes du “G” specialSpecial G verbsSo what changes?-We’ve added an “e” between the “g” and “ons”-Why?-So we can keep the [zsh] sound in all the verb forms (je, tu, nous, vous, etc) consistently.And if we didn’t?-We’d have: nagons [nah – gohn]voyagons [voy –a-gohn]mangon [mah –gohn]And the French would say…
29Oh là là. Fermez les oreilles. [mahn-gohn]. Zut Oh là là! Fermez les oreilles!!! [mahn-gohn]??? Zut! C’est un massacre de la langue française! NON! NON! NON!!![nah-gohn]??? NON!!! C’est horrible! Quelle horreur!!!! Et [voy-a-gohn]?!? Quelle mauvaise prononciation!!!!
30Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsSo… in the interest of positive foreign relations, let’s remember:-The “NOUS” form is special for nager, voyager, and manger-In the “NOUS” form of these three verbs, we need to insert and “e” after the “g” to make the pronunciation sound niceSPECIAL “G” needs an “E” to sound “JOLI!” (pretty)3 pronunciations, 3 special “G” verbs, and now…
31TROIS Sens Three Meanings Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
32TROIS Sens Three Meanings For example, let’s conjugate: voyager Je voyage Nous voyageonsTu voyages Vous voyagezIl/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent“Je voyage” has three meanings: I travel, I am traveling, I do travel“Ils/Elles voyagent” has three meanings: They travel, they are traveling, and they do travel
33TROIS Sens Three Meanings Need a few more examples? We play We are playingWe do playNous jouonsThey workThey are workingThey do workElles travaillentI talkI am talkingI do talkJe parle
34La Règle de TROIS VOILÀ! Et The Rule of THREEEtVOILÀ!Conjugate while remembering these three rules and you’ll create a masterpiece every time!And speaking of masterpieces… lets put it all together and try your handiwork…
36Les ProjetsProjectsVisit the following sites and try to activities to test your newfound skills and knowledge:1. be sure to following instructions in parentheses! (click on “Français, scroll down and select Present Tense, click on Regular –ER Verbs)2.3. (you may play several times)4. (scroll down towards the bottom, starting with “fill in the blanks”)
38Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Instead of dropping the “er” when conjugating a verb, can’t I just drop the “r”?What you’re really asking:Can’t I leave some of the packaging and still use the drill without any problems?Answer:NO! It may seem like it doesn’t make a difference, but it is a bad habit to start! Some -er verbs have fancier endings and cannot be conjugated by just dropping the “r”. Conjugation will not turn out properly… nor will your project if you leave the packaging on the drill!
39Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Why is the “e” missing in “Je” when I conjugate verbs like “aimer, habiter, écouter, inviter, etc.”What you’re really asking:Is the “Je” worker picky about certain drills?Answer:Yes, the “Je” worker is picky. If the drill it wants to use begins with the vowels “a,e, or i” or a vowel sound, it likes to eliminate the “e” in “Je” and put an apostrophe in it’s place. For example: J’habite, J’aime, J’invite.
40Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Will “je suis parle” or “je suis parler” work instead of saying “je parle” to mean “I am speaking”?What you’re really asking:Can’t a worker use two drills at the same time with or without the correct bit?Answer:NO! It’s dangerous and makes no sense! “Je parle” already means “I am speaking.” “Je suis parle,”translates to “I am am speaking.” “Je suis parler,” means “I am to speak.” Do not put any form of être (suis, es, est, sommes, êtes, sont) in front of any verb!!! (you’d be using two drills… être and another verb)