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1 Dover, Delaware - 2006 Palletization Le Collisage.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Dover, Delaware - 2006 Palletization Le Collisage."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Dover, Delaware Palletization Le Collisage

2 2 Objective Comprehend how to properly prepare cargo for movement in the 463L system Comprendre comment préparer proprement le cargo pour le déplacement dans le système 463L

3 3 Overview Apercu 463L System le système 463L 463L System le système 463L Pallets les palettes Pallets les palettes Pallet Build-Up montage des palettes Pallet Build-Up montage des palettes Married Pallets assemblage des palettes Married Pallets assemblage des palettes Tiedown Techniques techniques darrimage Tiedown Techniques techniques darrimage

4 4 463L System General

5 5 463L System Dual-Rail System Système de double rails Allows pallets to move smoothly through acft Allows pallets to move smoothly through acft Permettre aux palettes dentrer facilement dans lavion

6 6 Rollers are storable to convert the cargo deck to a smooth surface for loading wheeled cargo Rollers are storable to convert the cargo deck to a smooth surface for loading wheeled cargo Les roulements peuvent être enlever pour convertir la platform (économiser de lespace) 463L System Dual-Rail System

7 7 Side rails guide the pallets into the aircraft and provide lateral and vertical restraint Side rails guide the pallets into the aircraft and provide lateral and vertical restraint Les rails de cotes dirigent les palettes dans lavion et permettent une restriction latérale et verticale 463L System Rails

8 8 463L System C-17 Logistic Rail LockKC-10 Restraint Assembly Rails have special locks that prevent forward and rear aircraft movement of pallets during flight Rails have special locks that prevent forward and rear aircraft movement of pallets during flight Les rails ont des fermetures spéciales qui préviennent des mouvements des palettes au cours du vol

9 9 Pallets Characteristics Made of corrosion resistant aluminum with a soft wood core framed on all sides by aluminum rails Made of corrosion resistant aluminum with a soft wood core framed on all sides by aluminum rails Desired load capacity of 7,500 lbs. (3402 kg) Pallets weighing less waste valuable aircraft cargo space

10 10PalletsCharacteristics 22 steel tie down rings 22 steel tie down rings Pallet weighs 290 lbs (132 kg) Pallet weighs 290 lbs (132 kg) cm cm cm Max cargo carrying capacity of 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) when using nets Max cargo carrying capacity of 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) when using nets cm Usable dimensions 250 PSI(1.76 KSC) limitation 250 PSI(1.76 KSC) limitation

11 11 Pallet Nets 463L Net Sets 463L Net Sets Two side nets Two side nets One top net One top net A complete set of nets weighs 65 lbs (29 kg) A complete set of nets weighs 65 lbs (29 kg)

12 12 Pallets

13 13 Pallet Nets The nets have multiple adjustment points and may be tightened to conform snugly to most loads The nets have multiple adjustment points and may be tightened to conform snugly to most loads

14 14 Pallet Nets Adequate restraint is provided for: Adequate restraint is provided for: 10,000 lbs (4536 kg) of cargo with heights not exceeding 96(244 cm) above the surface of the pallet, or…. 10,000 lbs (4536 kg) of cargo with heights not exceeding 96(244 cm) above the surface of the pallet, or…. 8,000 lbs (3629 kg) of cargo with height not exceeding 100(254 cm) above the surface of the pallet 8,000 lbs (3629 kg) of cargo with height not exceeding 100(254 cm) above the surface of the pallet

15 15 Pallet Nets Securing cargo Securing cargo Side nets can be used with seven straps instead of the top net Side nets can be used with seven straps instead of the top net Four on the 108 long side and three on the 88 short side, hooked to the highest row of side net rings Four on the 108 long side and three on the 88 short side, hooked to the highest row of side net rings

16 16 Pallet Nets Securing cargo Securing cargo This configuration of straps cinches the side nets up and provides vertical restraint for the cargo This configuration of straps cinches the side nets up and provides vertical restraint for the cargo The seven strap option can restrain 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) of cargo to a 463L pallet The seven strap option can restrain 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) of cargo to a 463L pallet

17 17 Top net only Top net only Provides adequate restraint for low profile items of cargo Provides adequate restraint for low profile items of cargo (up to 45 tall, 114cm) (up to 45 tall, 114cm) weighing up to 2,500 lbs. (1134 kg) weighing up to 2,500 lbs. (1134 kg) (net cargo weight) (net cargo weight) If exceeded supplemental restraint will be required If exceeded supplemental restraint will be required Pallet Nets

18 18 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint Use Nylon tiedown straps to provide restraint for single items or as supplemental restraint in conjunction with 463L pallet nets Use Nylon tiedown straps to provide restraint for single items or as supplemental restraint in conjunction with 463L pallet nets

19 19 Pallets Storage and Handling Always put adequate dunnage under 463L pallets: Always put adequate dunnage under 463L pallets: Aids in pallet movement Aids in pallet movement Protects lower surface of pallet Protects lower surface of pallet Minimum dimensions of each piece of dunnage is 4 x 4 x 88 (10 x 10 x 224 cm) Minimum dimensions of each piece of dunnage is 4 x 4 x 88 (10 x 10 x 224 cm) All pallets are required to be shipped with dunnage and a complete net set (2 side/1 top), for both deployment and redeployment and must be provided by the user All pallets are required to be shipped with dunnage and a complete net set (2 side/1 top), for both deployment and redeployment and must be provided by the user

20 20 Pallets Storage and Handling Pallets may be stacked 20 high for air shipment Pallets may be stacked 20 high for air shipment Up to 50 pallets high in storage areas. Up to 50 pallets high in storage areas.

21 21 Pallets Storage and Handling Protect the upper surface of the pallet Protect the upper surface of the pallet Never push or slide 463L pallets across any solid surface Never push or slide 463L pallets across any solid surface Protect nets from adverse weather conditions Protect nets from adverse weather conditions

22 22 Protecting nets: Protecting nets: Hang and dry all nets after use Hang and dry all nets after use Never pile wet nets together Never pile wet nets together Nets can mildew Nets can mildew Hooks can rust Hooks can rust Pallets Storage and Handling

23 23 Pallets Inspection Ensure serviceability: Ensure serviceability: Do not use pallets if aluminum skin is separating or punctured Do not use pallets if aluminum skin is separating or punctured The skin-to-rail bond is an important part of the pallets strength The skin-to-rail bond is an important part of the pallets strength Use pallets with minor dents, gouges, and scratches that do not fracture the skin Use pallets with minor dents, gouges, and scratches that do not fracture the skin Keep pallets as clean as possible Keep pallets as clean as possible

24 24 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo Distribute large and heavy objects evenly from the center of the pallet outward: Distribute large and heavy objects evenly from the center of the pallet outward: Prevents pallet from becoming heavy on one end Prevents pallet from becoming heavy on one end Maintains pallet center of balance Maintains pallet center of balance

25 25 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo Containers marked this side up must be placed upright Containers marked this side up must be placed upright Cargo with special labels should have labels facing outward Cargo with special labels should have labels facing outward

26 26 Hole in bottom of C-17 from battery packed upside down on pallet. Acid ate hole thru pallet and aircraft floor

27 26

28 28 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo Hazardous materials: Hazardous materials: Must be placed on the pallet with the label clearly visible and never buried or hidden Must be placed on the pallet with the label clearly visible and never buried or hidden Must be accessible in flight in case of leakage Must be accessible in flight in case of leakage

29 29 Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP) Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP) Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP) 102 wide × 82 long × 8 thick 102 wide × 82 long × 8 thick 6,000 pound capacity 6,000 pound capacity

30 30 Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP) Material loaded and tied down on AIP Material loaded and tied down on AIP Configured AIP placed on 463L pallet and restrained with 463L net set Configured AIP placed on 463L pallet and restrained with 463L net set

31 31 Married Pallets Exceeding Pallet Dimensions When cargo exceeds the dimensions of a single pallet, you must join two or more pallets together When cargo exceeds the dimensions of a single pallet, you must join two or more pallets together

32 32 Equipment needed for build-up: Equipment needed for build-up: High line High line Rollerized flatbed Rollerized flatbed K-loader K-loader Married Pallets Exceeding Pallet Dimensions

33 33 Married Pallets Connecting Pallets Align the indents along the 108 side of each pallet Align the indents along the 108 side of each pallet Exceptions: C-17 – ADS align on 108 bias LRS align on 88 bias LRS align on 88 bias KC-10 – normally on 88 bias KC-10 – normally on 88 bias Install spacers between the pallets Install spacers between the pallets They keep the pallets aligned and properly spaced so pallets will lock into the aircraft rail system They keep the pallets aligned and properly spaced so pallets will lock into the aircraft rail system

34 34 The KC-10 uses a unique The KC-10 uses a unique 1 spacer and can only 1 spacer and can only accept two pallet trains accept two pallet trains (88 or 108 bias) (88 or 108 bias) Married Pallets Connecting Pallets Your affiliated Your affiliated CRE may be CRE may be able to help you able to help you get any required get any required spacers spacers

35 35 Use barriers and chain bridles Use barriers and chain bridles Tiedown Techniques Key Points The minimum thickness for the barrier is ¾

36 36 Tiedown Techniques Key Points Use chains and tiedown devices for large items such as canned engines or palletized wheeled items Use chains and tiedown devices for large items such as canned engines or palletized wheeled items

37 37 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint Do not attach more than half of the required restraint, in a given direction to the axles of wheeled equipment Do not attach more than half of the required restraint, in a given direction to the axles of wheeled equipment

38 38 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint Use 463L nets for multiple loose items Use 463L nets for multiple loose items Use chains for Use chains for heavy items heavy items

39 39 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint Do not use a mixture of nylon straps and metal chains to provide restraint in the same direction for any item of cargo Do not use a mixture of nylon straps and metal chains to provide restraint in the same direction for any item of cargo The nylon can stretch forcing the metal chain to assume the entire applied load which could result in chain failure The nylon can stretch forcing the metal chain to assume the entire applied load which could result in chain failure

40 40 Summary 463L System 463L System Pallets Pallets Pallet Build-Up Pallet Build-Up Tiedown Techniques Tiedown Techniques


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