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Palletization Le Collisage

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Presentation on theme: "Palletization Le Collisage"— Presentation transcript:

1 Palletization Le Collisage
Dover, Delaware

2 Objective Comprehend how to properly prepare cargo for movement in the 463L system Comprendre comment préparer proprement le cargo pour le déplacement dans le système 463L

3 Overview Apercu 463L System le système 463L Pallets les palettes
Pallet Build-Up montage des palettes Married Pallets assemblage des palettes Tiedown Techniques techniques d’arrimage

4 463L System General

5 463L System Dual-Rail System Système de double rails
Allows pallets to move smoothly through acft Permettre aux palettes d’entrer facilement dans l’avion

6 463L System Dual-Rail System
Rollers are storable to convert the cargo deck to a smooth surface for loading wheeled cargo Les roulements peuvent être enlever pour convertir la platform (économiser de l’espace)

7 463L System Rails Side rails guide the pallets into the aircraft and provide lateral and vertical restraint Les rails de cotes dirigent les palettes dans l’avion et permettent une restriction latérale et verticale

8 463L System C-17 Logistic Rail Lock KC-10 Restraint Assembly Rails have special locks that prevent forward and rear aircraft movement of pallets during flight Les rails ont des fermetures spéciales qui préviennent des mouvements des palettes au cours du vol

9 Pallets Characteristics
Made of corrosion resistant aluminum with a soft wood core framed on all sides by aluminum rails Desired load capacity of 7,500 lbs. (3402 kg) Pallets weighing less waste valuable aircraft cargo space

10 Pallets Characteristics
22 steel tie down rings Max cargo carrying capacity of 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) when using nets 250 PSI(1.76 KSC) limitation 84” 213 cm Usable dimensions 104” 264 cm 88” 224 cm 108” 213 cm Pallet weighs 290 lbs (132 kg)

11 Pallet Nets 463L Net Sets Two side nets One top net
A complete set of nets weighs 65 lbs (29 kg)

12 Pallets

13 Pallet Nets The nets have multiple adjustment points and may be tightened to conform snugly to most loads

14 Pallet Nets Adequate restraint is provided for:
10,000 lbs (4536 kg) of cargo with heights not exceeding 96”(244 cm) above the surface of the pallet, or…. 8,000 lbs (3629 kg) of cargo with height not exceeding 100”(254 cm) above the surface of the pallet

15 Pallet Nets Securing cargo
Side nets can be used with seven straps instead of the top net Four on the 108” long side and three on the 88” short side, hooked to the highest row of side net rings

16 Pallet Nets Securing cargo
This configuration of straps cinches the side nets up and provides vertical restraint for the cargo The seven strap option can restrain 10,000 lbs. (4536 kg) of cargo to a 463L pallet

17 Pallet Nets Top net only
Provides adequate restraint for low profile items of cargo (up to 45” tall, 114cm) weighing up to 2,500 lbs. (1134 kg) (net cargo weight) If exceeded supplemental restraint will be required

18 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint
Use Nylon tiedown straps to provide restraint for single items or as supplemental restraint in conjunction with 463L pallet nets

19 Pallets Storage and Handling
Always put adequate dunnage under 463L pallets: Aids in pallet movement Protects lower surface of pallet Minimum dimensions of each piece of dunnage is 4” x 4” x 88” (10 x 10 x 224 cm) All pallets are required to be shipped with dunnage and a complete net set (2 side/1 top), for both deployment and redeployment and must be provided by the user

20 Pallets Storage and Handling
Pallets may be stacked 20 high for air shipment Up to 50 pallets high in storage areas.

21 Pallets Storage and Handling
Protect the upper surface of the pallet Never push or slide 463L pallets across any solid surface Protect nets from adverse weather conditions

22 Pallets Storage and Handling
Protecting nets: Hang and dry all nets after use Never pile wet nets together Nets can mildew Hooks can rust

23 Pallets Inspection Ensure serviceability:
Do not use pallets if aluminum skin is separating or punctured The skin-to-rail bond is an important part of the pallet’s strength Use pallets with minor dents, gouges, and scratches that do not fracture the skin Keep pallets as clean as possible

24 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo
Distribute large and heavy objects evenly from the center of the pallet outward: Prevents pallet from becoming heavy on one end Maintains pallet center of balance

25 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo
Containers marked “this side up” must be placed upright Cargo with special labels should have labels facing outward

26 Hole in bottom of C-17 from battery packed upside down on pallet
Hole in bottom of C-17 from battery packed upside down on pallet. Acid ate hole thru pallet and aircraft floor

27 26

28 Pallet Build-Up Palletized Cargo
Hazardous materials: Must be placed on the pallet with the label clearly visible and never buried or hidden Must be accessible in flight in case of leakage

29 Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP)
102” wide × 82” long × 8” thick 6,000 pound capacity

30 Associate Intermodal Platform (AIP)
Material loaded and tied down on AIP Configured AIP placed on 463L pallet and restrained with 463L net set

31 Married Pallets Exceeding Pallet Dimensions
When cargo exceeds the dimensions of a single pallet, you must join two or more pallets together

32 Married Pallets Exceeding Pallet Dimensions
Equipment needed for build-up: High line Rollerized flatbed K-loader

33 Married Pallets Connecting Pallets
Align the indents along the 108” side of each pallet Exceptions: C-17 – ADS align on 108” bias LRS align on 88” bias KC-10 – normally on 88” bias Install spacers between the pallets They keep the pallets aligned and properly spaced so pallets will lock into the aircraft rail system

34 Married Pallets Connecting Pallets
The KC-10 uses a unique 1” spacer and can only accept two pallet trains (88” or 108” bias) Your affiliated CRE may be able to help you get any required spacers

35 Tiedown Techniques Key Points
Use barriers and chain bridles The minimum thickness for the barrier is ¾”

36 Tiedown Techniques Key Points
Use chains and tiedown devices for large items such as canned engines or palletized wheeled items

37 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint
Do not attach more than half of the required restraint, in a given direction to the axles of wheeled equipment

38 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint
Use 463L nets for multiple loose items Use chains for heavy items

39 Tiedown Techniques Required Restraint
Do not use a mixture of nylon straps and metal chains to provide restraint in the same direction for any item of cargo The nylon can stretch forcing the metal chain to assume the entire applied load which could result in chain failure

40 Summary 463L System Pallets Pallet Build-Up Tiedown Techniques

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