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Lets take for example the verb JOUER TO PLAY JOU ER Once you cut away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is the VERB STEM What.

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Presentation on theme: "Lets take for example the verb JOUER TO PLAY JOU ER Once you cut away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is the VERB STEM What."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lets take for example the verb JOUER TO PLAY JOU ER Once you cut away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is the VERB STEM What is the VERB STEM of a regular verb? STEM VERB ENDING

2 Yes, the stem almost never changes whatever the tense used. Is that always true for the 3 families of regular verbs? What do you mean byalmost never changes? Well, sometimes it varies a little depending on its spelling, but we dont need to worry ourselves for that now.

3 Well Roger, if the verb stem doesnt change, what does then? Dear Alice! It is the verb ending of course. What makes the verb ending change, Bernard? Two things, Sophie. 1.The choice of the Personal Pronoun (who or what does the action) 2. The choice of the Tense. (When the action takes place)

4 What are the Personal Pronouns? The Personal Pronouns are little words which replace the name of people or things. Follow me and I will show you

5 Here is the list of all the French Personal Pronouns and their equivalent in English and Welsh. Oh! je or j FrançaisEnglishCymraeg tu il elle nous vous ils elles I you (familiar) he she we you (formal) they (masculine) they (feminine) fi ti fo hi ni chi nhw Lets go and see what difference the pronouns make to the verb ending.

6 Lets use the present tense of the verb JOUER......And you will see how the ending changes when I use a different pronoun. Je jou tu jou il jou elle jou nousjou vousjou ilsjou ellesjou Présent Rydw i Rwyt ti Mae o Mae hi Rydan ni Rydych chi Maen nhw Presennol Just like in Welsh, then! e es e e ons ez ent yn chwarae RED = Changes due to pronoun and tense BLUE = Personal Pronoun

7 The effect of the pronoun is not so marked in English. Je jou tu jou il jou elle jou nousjou vousjou ilsjou ellesjou Présent What happens in English? e es e e ons ez ent playI you he she we you they This is why you need to be more careful when translating plays play plays play am playingI you he she we you they are playing is playing are playing PresentPresent Progressive

8 When translating you remember to use: - tu if you address only one person (your family or friends) - vous if you address more than one person or somebody you do not know or someone you must show respect to, like your Headmaster or a teacher. When translating they ornhw remember to use: -ils when it refers to - a masculine plural noun, - more than one male or -a mixed group (males and females). When translating they ornhw remember to use: -elles when it refers to - a feminine plural noun, - more than one female.

9 Lets see what effect the Tense has on the Verb Ending! Well show the changes only with the pronoun je as we will deal with each complete tenses in a next lesson. Je joue Rydw in Chwarae I play / I am playing Présent Je jouais Roeddwn in Chwarae I played / I was playing Imparfait Jai joué Rydw i wedi Chwarae I played/ I have played Passé composé Je jouerai Mi fydda in Chwarae I will play Futur Je jouerais Mi fyddwn in Chwarae I would play Conditionnel Javais joué Roeddwn i wedi Chwarae I had played Plus-que-parfait

10 Click on the big eggs for some practice Task 1 Multiple choice Task 2 Quiz


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