Presentation on theme: "Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER”"— Presentation transcript:
1Let’s take for example the verb “JOUER” Once you “cut” away the VERB ENDING in the Infinitive form, what you are left with is theVERB STEMSTEMVERB ENDINGJOUERLet’s take for example the verb “JOUER”TO PLAYWhat is theVERB STEM of a regular verb?
2Is that always true for the 3 families of regular verbs? Yes, the stem almost never changes whatever the tense used.Well, sometimes it varies a little depending on its spelling, but we don’t need to worry ourselves for that now.What do you mean by “almost never changes”?
3Well Roger, if the verb stem doesn’t change, what does then? What makes the verb ending change, Bernard?Two things, Sophie.The choice of the Personal Pronoun(who or what does the action)2. The choice of the Tense.(When the action takes place)Well Roger, if the verb stem doesn’t change, what does then?Dear Alice! It is the verb ending of course.
4What are the Personal Pronouns? The Personal Pronouns are little words which replace the name of people or things.Follow me and I will show you
5Let’s go and see what difference the pronouns make to the verb ending. FrançaisEnglishCymraegje or j’Ifituyou (familiar)tiilhefoelleshehinouswenivousyou (formal)chiilsthey (masculine)nhwellesthey (feminine)nhwOh!Here is the list of all the French Personal Pronouns and their equivalent in English and Welsh.Let’s go and see what difference the pronouns make to the verb ending.
6BLUE Je jou e Rydw i yn chwarae tu jou es Rwyt ti yn chwarae il jou e =PersonalPronounJe joueRydw iyn chwaraetu jouesRwyt tiyn chwaraeil joueMae oyn chwaraeelle joueMae hiyn chwaraeRED=Changes due to pronoun and tensenous jouonsRydan niyn chwaraevous jouezRydych chiyn chwaraeils jouentMaen nhwyn chwaraeelles jouentMaen nhwyn chwaraePrésentPresennolJust like in Welsh, then!Let’s use the present tense of the verb JOUER......And you will see how the ending changes when I use a different pronoun.
7I am playing Je jou e I play you are playing tu jou es you play he is playingil joueheplayssheis playingelle jouesheplaysweare playingnous jouonsweplayyouare playingvous jouezyouplaytheyare playingils jouenttheyplaytheyare playingelles jouenttheyplayPresentPresent ProgressivePrésentThis is why you need to be more careful when translatingWhat happens in English?The effect of the pronoun is not so marked in English.
8When translating “you” remember to use: - “tu” if you address only one person (your family or friends)- “vous” if you address more than one person or somebody you do not know or someone you must show respect to, like your Headmaster or a teacher.When translating “they” or “nhw” remember to use:“ils” when it refers toa masculine plural noun,more than one male ora mixed group (males andfemales).When translating “they” or “nhw” remember to use:“elles” when it refers toa feminine plural noun,more than one female.
9Let’s see what effect the Tense has on the PrésentImparfaitJe joueRydw i’n ChwaraeI play / I am playingJe jouaisRoeddwn i’n ChwaraeI played / I was playingConditionnelJe joueraisMi fyddwn i’n ChwaraeI would playFuturPassé composéJe joueraiMi fydda i’n ChwaraeI will playJ’ai jouéRydw i wedi ChwaraeI played/ I have playedPlus-que-parfaitJ’avais jouéRoeddwn i wedi ChwaraeI had playedWe’ll show the changes only with the pronoun “je” as we will deal with each complete tenses in a next lesson.Let’s see what effect the Tense has on theVerb Ending!
10Click on the big eggs for some practice Task 2 QuizTask 1Multiple choice