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Draft Toolkit Protecting children on the move from abuse and exploitation, such as trafficking and economic and sexual exploitation Draft after Bangkok.

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Presentation on theme: "Draft Toolkit Protecting children on the move from abuse and exploitation, such as trafficking and economic and sexual exploitation Draft after Bangkok."— Presentation transcript:

1 Draft Toolkit Protecting children on the move from abuse and exploitation, such as trafficking and economic and sexual exploitation Draft after Bangkok workshop Mike Dottridge November

2 AIMS OF TOOLKIT To enable NGOs (or others) to explore the notion of children on the move and child mobility and assess what it is that their interventions aim to prevent (and whether it is in the best interests of the child)To enable NGOs (or others) to explore the notion of children on the move and child mobility and assess what it is that their interventions aim to prevent (and whether it is in the best interests of the child) It will be addressed in particular at NGOs with experience of working to stop child trafficking or the exploitation of childrenIt will be addressed in particular at NGOs with experience of working to stop child trafficking or the exploitation of children

3 THE PARTICULAR APPROACH OFFERED BY THE TOOLKIT An exercise to identify phases of childrens movement and both the risks and opportunities associated with each phaseAn exercise to identify phases of childrens movement and both the risks and opportunities associated with each phase And to identify opportunities and specific methods to protect children on the move at each phase (including before they move)And to identify opportunities and specific methods to protect children on the move at each phase (including before they move) By drawing a flow diagramBy drawing a flow diagram

4 E.g. a diagram with the phases, risks linked to each and possible protection measures is in a Terre des Hommes report (2008) available at available at

5 Phases in movement or migration Phase 1 - Home Child is living with birth parent or parents or others in family-like situation. Phase 2 - Preparation Child prepares to depart (or has left home but still living near family) Phase 3 – Travel/transit A single journey or multiple journeys, often with overnight stops Phase 4 - Arrival Child immediately seek somewhere to sleep, food, income, etc ensure survival Phase 5 - Working or living away from home Possibly a more settled plateau at the destination, e.g., involving employment, or a series of attempts to find a livelihood

6 Of course, there are further phases Phase 6 Possibly further travel/moves, each followed by similar efforts to find accommodation and a livelihood. Phase 7 Sometimes – Return home… Phase 8 …Often followed by a new departure

7 Or one developed by Olivier: Prévention/protection en chaîne Prévention (dans la communauté et la famille où vit lenfant, aider à la prise de décision, préparer les mobilités ou proposer des alternatives, éviter la traite et les départs précoces et dangereux) Avant le départ Au moment du départ Prévention (veiller à ce que lenfant mobile reste sauf et suivi/ accompagné) Prévention (veiller à ce que lenfant reste sauf et se développe, ou préparer le retrait, le retour/rapatriement ou la réintégration hors du milieu dorigine) Lors du déplacement Période doccupation (travail, éducation, aide familiale) dimmobilisation, et dintégration Prévention (veiller à ce que lenfant reste sauf réalise son projet personnel ou reparte en mobilité dans de bonnes conditions ) Au moment et après le retour de mobilité OU lintégration dans un nouvel environnement Protection (empowerment des enfants/familles, renforcement des capacités communautaires et des services gouvernementaux et non gouvernementaux, contrôle et détection de cas, référencement et prise en charge, interception et retrait, retour et rapatriement, arrestation des criminels, justice rendue à lenfant et à sa famille, appui à la (ré)intégration, …

8 IS THIS A SCHEMA YOU RECOGNIZE? I.e. Different risks & protection opportunities arise in each phase I.e. Different risks & protection opportunities arise in each phase E.g. children who are disproportionately likely to migrate can be influenced before leaving home: E.g. children who are disproportionately likely to migrate can be influenced before leaving home: Teach them - literacy and numeracy; standard school education (and how to respond to bullying); life skills; education about sex and drugs Teach them - literacy and numeracy; standard school education (and how to respond to bullying); life skills; education about sex and drugs Provide assistance in finding a livelihood while still at home or elsewhere; or vocational training; Provide assistance in finding a livelihood while still at home or elsewhere; or vocational training; They learn by attending social centres/clubs for adolescents; experimenting with risks and opportunities (learning to assess risk, while still in relatively safe surroundings) They learn by attending social centres/clubs for adolescents; experimenting with risks and opportunities (learning to assess risk, while still in relatively safe surroundings) Warn them about risks such as human trafficking and sexual abuse / exploitation Warn them about risks such as human trafficking and sexual abuse / exploitation

9 THE TOOLKIT WILL PROPOSE WORKING IN SMALL GROUPS: THE TOOLKIT WILL PROPOSE WORKING IN SMALL GROUPS: To list possible protection measures & also enigmas or ethical issues: A. Focus on BEFORE child plans to leave (or parents plan for child to leave) [phase 1] B. Focus on children planning to leave or extremely likely to leave [phase 2] C. Focus on transit [phase 3] D. Focus on immediate needs after arrival, same or different country [phase 4] E. Focus on child working or living away from home [phase 5]

10 PROVISIONAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Aims of the toolkit 2. Reasons why conventional approaches to protecting children are inadequate 3. Children have different experiences when they move – exploring their trajectories 4. Listening to children on the move 5. The actors or stakeholders who can protect children

11 TABLE OF CONTENTS continued 6. Taking stock of the rights of children on the move 7. Action by NGOs and other agencies to protect and assist children on the move 8. Community-based protection available to children 9. What is missing and possible ways of filling the gaps 10. Moving towards more holistic child protection systems for children on the move

12 Possible Annexes Glossary of Terms according to Definitions in International Law Glossary of Terms according to Definitions in International Law The Different Stages of Movement/ Migration and Opportunities to Protect Children on the Move The Different Stages of Movement/ Migration and Opportunities to Protect Children on the Move Examples of actions which have the potential to prevent children on the move from abuse and to make existing protection measures more complete and coherent Examples of actions which have the potential to prevent children on the move from abuse and to make existing protection measures more complete and coherent

13 Possible Annexes continued Rights which are especially relevant for Children on the Move (according to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, its Optional Protocols and other UN Instruments) Rights which are especially relevant for Children on the Move (according to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, its Optional Protocols and other UN Instruments) Bridging the gap between cultural and community-based practices which protect children and national child protection systems (i.e. bottom up and top down protection) Bridging the gap between cultural and community-based practices which protect children and national child protection systems (i.e. bottom up and top down protection)

14 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! Mike Dottridge Independent consultant


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