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Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 1 2012 Safety Groups.

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Presentation on theme: "Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 1 2012 Safety Groups."— Presentation transcript:

1 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail Safety Groups – Advantage Program Tom Welton March 30, 2012 Introduction to Auditing

2 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 2 Overview Objective The Basics –Principles of Auditing Audit Process –Preparation & Initiation –Document Review –Evidence –Findings Management –Management Review –Action Plan Case Study 2012 Safety Groups Introduction To Auditing

3 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 3 To provide you an introduction to the basic process of conducting an audit of your Health and Safety Management System. Objective

4 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 4 Health and Safety Management System (HSMS) –The documented process that fully incorporates effective risk management principles into a health and safety program. What is a HSMS? The Basics

5 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 5 The systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively to determine the extent to which audit criteria are fulfilled What is auditing? The Basics

6 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 6 Workwell Audits Compliance Audits (against legal requirements) Combined Audits (for example, H&S and Environment) Risk Audits/Risk Assessments Workplace Inspections Pre-start-up Inspections Subject Specific – for example: –RTW Self-Assessment –Confined Space Audit/Assessment –Emergency Preparedness & Response Audit Second party audits (for example, customers or suppliers) Other Audits The Basics

7 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 7 To provide Owner/Senior Management with objective information on which they can react to improve their health and safety activities Why audit? The Basics

8 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 8 Conformity –Conformity is the fulfillment of the audit criteria which includes requirements of an audit standard, the workplaces health and safety policies, practices, procedures and related documentation. Nonconformity –Nonconformity is the non-fulfillment of, or deviation from, the requirements. It is categorized as Major and Minor. Definitions The Basics

9 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 9 5 Steps to Managing Health & Safety The 5 steps apply to the Advantage Program requirements The 5 steps apply to each element of the HSMS Review and must be documented/recorded for each The Basics

10 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 10 Audit Scope –Extent and boundaries of an audit Note: The audit scope generally includes a description of the physical locations, organizational units, activities and processes, as well as the time period covered. Audit Criteria –Audit criteria are used as a reference against which audit evidence is measured. In the WSIB Advantage Program the criteria includes; the requirements documented in the HSMS Review Form and the firms health and safety program, policies, procedures and related documents. Principles of Auditing The Basics

11 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 11 Audit Evidence –Records, statements of fact or other information, which are relevant to the audit criteria and verifiable. (minimum two different sources of evidence). Audit Findings/Conclusions –Results of the evaluation of the collected audit evidence against audit criteria. Note: The audit findings can indicate either conformity or nonconformity with audit criteria. Auditing relies on these principles to make it effective and reliable. Principles of Auditing (contd) The Basics

12 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 12 Key Concepts What is Auditing The systematic, independent and documented process for obtaining audit evidence and evaluating it objectively against established audit criteria Why Audit To provide Owner/Senior Management with information on which they can react to improve their health and safety activities The Basics

13 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 13 Key Concepts Auditing Principles Scope – extend and boundaries of an audit Criteria – a set of established requirements the audit evidence is evaluated against. The criteria for Advantage firms is - HSMS Review Form and the firms H&S program, policies, procedures and other related documents. Evidence – records, statements of fact or other information, which are relevant to the audit criteria and verifiable (minimum two sources of information) Findings – evidence compared to criteria The Basics

14 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 14 Key Concepts An audit is conducted in a systematic manner and requires preparation Document Review collects information to help determine if the audit criteria are being met by the firm Audit Process

15 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 15 Key Concepts There are multiple sources of evidence: documents, records, interviews and observations –Auditor(s) need sufficient information before it is considered evidence –Recorded evidence is evaluated against established audit criteria to determine objective audit findings –Finding of conformity or nonconformity (major or minor) Nonconformities are situations where a requirement clearly has not been fulfilled with evidence based on objective facts Audit Process

16 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 16 Key Concepts The audit report can be recorded on the HSMS Review Form Other styles of audit reports can be used, as long as they include all nonconformities found and relate it to the criteria requirements Report any commendable HSMS findings Management Review can be formal or informal Owner/Senior Management must understand and agree to the audit findings/conclusions. Any diverging opinions are recorded if not resolved. Management

17 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 17 Key Concepts All nonconformities are included and initiated in the action plan Conformities can be included in the action plan for continual improvement Resolving nonconformities and verifying they are resolved are done after audit activities Management

18 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 18 The Audit Process INITIATING CONDUCT THE AUDIT AUDIT REPORT MANAGEMENT REVIEW ACTION PLAN Document Review Evidence Findings The Basics

19 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 19 Management assigns the qualified auditor(s) Develop an audit plan which includes: –Objectives, Scope, Criteria, Schedule Resources: –Time –Audit support (team) –Health and Safety Equipment (PPE) –Floor Plan, Equipment List, Work room –Audit working documents (audit notes/sketches/interview notes etc.) Communicate the audit activity to appropriate workplace parties Initiate and Prepare Audit Process: Initiate

20 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 20 Documents and Records A document may be a policy, a procedure, a work instruction, a form, or other written information, that generally gives direction. A document is current, active and changeable. A record is dated, historical, and unchangeable. (An obsolete document may become a record). Document Review Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

21 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 21 First step in Conducting the Audit Establishes initial conformity to the audit criteria Determines other types of evidence the auditor(s) will sample Document Review Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

22 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 22 Policy System Procedures Operating Procedures Work Instructions Forms, checklists, templates, & other data collection documents RECORDS Level 2 Docs 5Ws & H of system Typically addresses each WSIB HSMS Requirement Big Picture (may be organized by processes) Document Review Level 1 Docs What? (some why?) H&S Policy Statement H&S Policy Manual (optional) Level 3 Docs - more details of 5Ws & H Level 4 Docs detailed How Typically organized by department Task Specific Instructions Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

23 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 23 Auditor(s) look for evidence that demonstrates requirements have been met. The sources of information gathered are grouped into these categories: –Documents verify relevant, clear and complete procedures, work instructions, guidelines, etc., are readily accessible –Records: verify appropriate records have been kept to demonstrate that requirements of procedures and the standard have been met –Observations: verify activities, workplace conditions, controls are in place –Interviews: verify health and safety system/program understanding. Audit Evidence Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

24 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 24 If all available sources of information (minimum 2) are consistent then the information may be considered evidence of conformity. Inconsistent information is evidence of nonconformity. Evidence is measured against the audit criteria to determine conformity or nonconformity Audit Evidence Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

25 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 25 Collecting and Verifying Information: Review Documents and Records –Note details of documents and records reviewed Observations while at the facility and throughout the audit –Note relevant observations that demonstrate conformity and nonconformity Interviews during the facility tour and throughout the audit –Conduct interviews appropriate to the situation and the person –Interview people from appropriate levels and functions –Make notes of evidence of conformity and nonconformity –Summarize the results of the interview with the person Audit Evidence Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

26 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 26 Collecting and Verifying Information: How much is enough? –Sufficient to demonstrate a consistent pattern of conformance –One piece might be enough, for example: maybe only one incident occurred so there will be only one investigation report observed one failure to use confined space procedure; only one work instruction –Perhaps 10 to 50 pieces may be appropriate, for example: monthly workplace inspections pre-shift forklift inspections Audit Evidence Audit Process: Conduct the Audit

27 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 27 Generating Audit Findings/Conclusions: Evaluate all audit evidence against audit criteria During the audit, evidence must be presented that the criteria are in place for conformity. If any requirement is not met, a nonconformity is noted. Audit findings/conclusions indicate conformity or nonconformity to criteria Note: Any corrective actions to a nonconformity does not change the audit finding/conclusion. Audit Findings Audit Process: Findings

28 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 28 Conformity Conformity is the fulfillment of the audit criteria which includes requirements of an audit standard, the workplaces health and safety policies, practices, procedures and related documentation. Nonconformity Nonconformity is the non-fulfillment of, or deviation from, the requirements. It is categorized as Major and Minor. Audit Conclusion Audit Process: Findings

29 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 29 MAJOR nonconformities: the issue will continue to occur because of how the HSMS and health and safety program are structured there is unacceptable risk to a workers health or safety there are serious legal implications, or there is an accumulation of related minor nonconformities. MINOR nonconformities: the HSMS and the health and safety program structures are valid, but there was minor deviation (e.g. human error) there is no unacceptable risk to the worker there are no significant legal implications, and there is not an accumulation of related minor nonconformities. Audit Conclusions Audit Process: Findings

30 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 30 The report must reference the requirement (i.e. A.2), and the evidence that supports the findings/conclusions of conformity and nonconformity Indicate any situations encountered that may decrease the reliability of the audit conclusion Diverging opinions about findings and conclusions should be discussed, resolved if possible, and recorded if not resolved The report must include the date(s) of the audit, report date, auditor(s) name Auditor(s) prepare to present or discuss the audit with the Owner/Senior Management Note – For Advantage the completed HSMS Review Form can be the report submitted for Management Review. Audit Report Management: Audit Report

31 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 31 Owner/Senior Management reviews the audit report Ensure the Owner/Senior Management agrees with and understands the audit conclusions A record of the Owner/Senior Management review Establish a timeframe for the employers continual improvement plan Management Review Management: Review

32 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 32 As a result of the audit findings/conclusions: An action plan is developed for all nonconformities The action plan outlines how nonconformities will be corrected, responsibilities assigned and timelines established. The action plan is developed or reviewed, approved, resourced and initiated by the Owner/Senior Management. The employers auditor(s) may conduct follow-ups to ensure the element is progressing to conformity Note – for the Advantage Program the continual improvement plan is the action plan. Action Plan Management: Action Plan

33 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 33 An action plan can also be used for continual improvement When a criteria requirement is met, but may deteriorate into a nonconformity, the audit may indicate an opportunity to improve. Continual Improvement The process of enhancing the HSMS to achieve ongoing improvement in overall health and safety performance. Improved performance on its own IS NOT continual improvement, it is an outcome – you must improve the way you manage. Action Plan Management: Action Plan

34 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 34 Year-End Submission

35 Workplace Safety and Insurance Board | Commission de la sécurité professionnelle et de lassurance contre les accidents du travail 35 Case Study


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