Presentation on theme: "Definite and indefinite articles. Spanish has only one definite article, but the article has four forms because it must agree in gender and number with."— Presentation transcript:
Definite and indefinite articles
Spanish has only one definite article, but the article has four forms because it must agree in gender and number with the noun it precedes. El (masculine / singular) TheLa(feminine / singular) Los(masculine / plural) Las(feminine / plural) Definite articles
The book El libro (masc./singular) (masc./singular) The houses Las casas (fem./plural) *First look at the gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) of the noun and then choose the correct article. When nouns have the same gender and number as the articles they are said to be in agreement.
Definite articles are used: Before titles such as señor (El señor), señora ( La señora), señorita ( La señorita ). Professions. La doctora, El ingeniero, El arquitecto, La maestra, El psicólogo. Some nouns keep the same form for masculine and feminine. In these cases, the gender is identify by the article. Ex: el estudiante / la estudiante el artista/ la artista
With days of the week, when in English on is used. Ejemplo: Yo estudio los lunes. I study on Mondays. With parts of the body or articles of clothing, especially if the possessor is clearly stated. Ejemplo: Me duele la cabeza. My head hurts. Me pongo el sombrero. I put on my hat. With the seasons. La primavera (spring) El otoño (fall) El invierno (winter) El verano (summer)
Contractions If the preposition a (to/from) is used with the article el, you must use the contraction al. a el (to the)al (to the) ¿Puedo ir al baño por favor? If the preposition de (of/from) is used with el, you must use the contraction del. de el (of the) del (of the) This doesnt occur with the other forms of the article. Ex: a + la = ok and de + la = ok
Exceptions Use el when the article is in front of a feminine noun that begins with a stressed a or ha. Ejemplo: el agua, el águila, el arpa. The reason is because when you pronounce the article and the noun, the two as will get swallowed into one sound. Ejemplo: la agua. This doesnt happen with the plural form. Las aguas, las águilas, las arpas.
Indefinite articles In English, indefinite articles are used only with singular nouns. They are a or an if used before a noun that start with a vowel. In Spanish, indefinite articles can be used with singular and plural nouns. un(masculine / singular) a or anuna(feminine / singular) someunos(masculine / plural) unas(feminine / plural)